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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Farm Safety Net: In Brief

The Farm Safety Net: In Brief

Date: October 21, 2014
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report discusses the several programs operated by The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that supplement the income of farmers and ranchers in times of low farm prices and natural disasters. The programs are collectively called the farm safety net.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Identification and Traceability: Overview and Issues

Animal Identification and Traceability: Overview and Issues

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report provides a summary of current developments in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) effort to establish a national animal traceability capacity with the intended goal of being able to rapidly identify and respond to an animal disease outbreak. National animal identification and traceability appear to have substantial economic value, yet federal proposals have proven controversial among certain segments of the U.S. cattle industry. This report provides background on animal ID and traceability in general, and the development of the current U.S. system of animal ID and traceability in particular. In addition, it reviews the claims and counter-claims of proponents and opponents of a national animal ID system, and describes many of the unresolved issues related to program development. Finally, two appendixes offer a brief chronology of the development of the U.S. National Animal Identification System (NAIS) and its successor program, and a brief description of the major international organizations involved in setting standards and rules for animal health and trade in animal products, along with summary descriptions of animal ID and traceability programs found in other major livestock producer and consumer countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Date: December 11, 2012
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) several permanently authorized programs to help producers recover from natural disasters. Most of these programs offer financial assistance to producers for a loss in the production of crops or livestock. In addition to the production assistance programs, USDA also has several permanent disaster assistance programs that help producers repair damaged crop and forest land following natural disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2015

U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2015

Date: February 18, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses national net farm income, which is a key indicator of U.S. farm well-being. The outlook for lower net farm income, coupled with record farm wealth, suggests a mixed financial picture heading into 2015 for the agricultural sector as a whole, with substantial regional variation.
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Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Date: January 5, 2015
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report describes emergency agricultural land assistance programs designed to repair agricultural and forest land following a natural disaster and potentially mitigate future risk. It presents background on the programs--purpose, activities, authority, eligibility requirements, and authorized program funding levels, as well as current congressional issues.
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U.S. and EU Agricultural Support: Overview and Comparison

U.S. and EU Agricultural Support: Overview and Comparison

Date: March 21, 2011
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report uses data from two public sources to compare agricultural support between the United States and the European Union (EU): (1) estimates of domestic support for agricultural programs based on World Trade Organization (WTO) notifications; and (2) the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD's) country-level policy database. Each of these data sources uses a slightly different metric to evaluate agricultural support. The report includes an overview of farm programs in the U.S. and EU, comparisons of support based on the metrics, and conclusions with policy implications.
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Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Date: August 21, 2015
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report discusses several programs operated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that supplement the income of farmers and ranchers in times of low farm prices and natural disasters. Federal crop insurance, farm programs, and disaster assistance are collectively called the farm safety net.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2016

U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2016

Date: February 16, 2016
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses this the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) farm income outlook and its implications. According to USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS), national net farm income--a key indicator of U.S. farm well-being--is forecast at $54.8 billion in 2016, down 3% from last year. The 2016 forecast represents the third consecutive year of decline and would be the lowest since 2002 in both nominal and inflation-adjusted dollars.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Date: August 18, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses a plan announced by EPA in January 2005, called the Air Compliance Agreement, that would produce air quality monitoring data on animal agriculture emissions from a small number of farms, while at the same time protecting all participants (including farms where no monitoring takes place) through a “safe harbor” from liability under certain provisions of federal environmental laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Date: July 20, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: From an environmental quality standpoint, much of the interest in animal agriculture has focused on impacts on water resources, because animal waste, if not properly managed, can harm water quality through surface runoff, direct discharges, spills, and leaching into soil and groundwater. A more recent issue is the contribution of emissions from animal feeding operations (AFO), enterprises where animals are raised in confinement, to air pollution. AFOs can affect air quality through emissions of gases such as ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, particulate matter, volatile organic compounds, hazardous air pollutants, and odor. These pollutants and compounds have a number of environmental and human health effects. This report reviews key issues associated with the Air Compliance Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Date: March 12, 2013
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report discusses the impact of environmental regulation on agriculture. Most environmental regulations, in terms of permitting, inspection, and enforcement, are implemented by state and local governments, often based on federal EPA regulatory guidance. In some cases, agriculture is the direct or primary focus of the regulatory actions. In other cases, agriculture is one of many affected sectors. Traditionally, farm and ranch operations have been exempt or excluded from many environmental regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Date: June 16, 2014
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report provides the background, status, and issues related to selected environmental regulations or initiatives possibly affecting agriculture that have drawn attention in and beyond Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the Farm Bill?

What Is the Farm Bill?

Date: October 11, 2013
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the farm bill, which is an omnibus, multi-year piece of authorizing legislation that governs an array of agricultural and food programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report discusses several programs operated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that supplement the income of farmers and ranchers in times of low farm prices and natural disasters. Federal crop insurance, farm programs, and disaster assistance are collectively called the farm safety net.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the Farm Bill?

What Is the Farm Bill?

Date: March 12, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report describes the Farm Bill (P.L. 110-246, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008), which was enacted into law on June 18, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the 2013 discovery of unapproved Genetically Engineered (GE) wheat in eastern Oregon and its effect on future policy considerations and regulatory structures in biotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: At the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Ninth Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, December 3-7, 2013, ministers adopted the so-called Bali Package--a series of decisions aimed at streamlining trade (referred to as trade facilitation), allowing developing countries more options for providing food security, boosting least-developed-country trade, and helping development more generally. This report focuses on those aspects of the Bali Package that deal with and are specific to agriculture. It also includes a section (at the end of the report) that provides an update on the status of implementation of the various Bali Package provisions agreed to by the WTO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Whole-Farm Crop Disaster Program: Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments (SURE)

A Whole-Farm Crop Disaster Program: Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments (SURE)

Date: December 3, 2010
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report discusses the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246, 2008 farm bill), which created a set of disaster programs called "Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance." The programs supplement crop insurance coverage and provide disaster assistance for livestock (including aquaculture and honey bees), forage, and tree and nursery crops.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Trade Implications of Restrictions on Antimicrobial Use in Animal Production

Potential Trade Implications of Restrictions on Antimicrobial Use in Animal Production

Date: December 8, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report is organized into three parts. First, it provides an overview of U.S. export markets for livestock and poultry products, and highlights key U.S. foreign trading partners. Second, it discusses policies in selected foreign markets that may restrict or limit the use of antimicrobial drugs in food animal production, including imports of animal products grown with these drugs. Third, it discusses some implications of these policies for U.S. livestock and poultry exports to selected foreign markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Status of the WTO Brazil-U.S. Cotton Case

Status of the WTO Brazil-U.S. Cotton Case

Date: February 21, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a description and status report on Brazil's challenge to certain aspects of the U.S. cotton program under the rules of the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) dispute settlement process in case DS267.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: March 21, 2013
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the various industrial uses for Hemp, a variety of Cannabis sativa and is of the same plant species as marijuana. The report compares Hemp with Marijuana and discusses global production, legal status, and recent legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza: Ongoing Outbreak

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza: Ongoing Outbreak

Date: May 19, 2015
Creator: Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report gives a brief overview of the pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), which as of May 15, 2015, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) reported 168 cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: July 22, 2013
Creator: Jurenas, Remy & Greene, Joel L.
Description: Report that covers the dispute between the U.S with its neighbors Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: Jurenas, Remy & Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report covers the dispute between the U.S with its neighbors Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives. This dispute was brought before the WTO dispute panel and found to be valid. The report ends with a discussion of options for the U.S. in regards to modifying COOL to follow WTO rulings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department