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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Bee Health: The Role of Pesticides

Bee Health: The Role of Pesticides

Date: February 17, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report briefly describes recent scientific research and analysis regarding the potential role of pesticides among the factors affecting the health and well-being of bees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2016 Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriations: In Brief

FY2016 Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriations: In Brief

Date: July 20, 2015
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the Agriculture appropriations bill for fiscal year 2016, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) -- except for the Forest Service -- as well as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and, in even-numbered fiscal years, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). Agriculture appropriations include both mandatory and discretionary spending, however, mandatory amounts are general set by other authorizing laws (such as the farm bill).
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Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2016 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the Agriculture appropriations bill for FY 2016, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) -- except for the Forest Service -- as well as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and, in even-numbered fiscal years, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).
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Agriculture in the WTO: Rules and Limits on Domestic Support

Agriculture in the WTO: Rules and Limits on Domestic Support

Date: September 18, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments most relevant for U.S. domestic farm policy. The report discusses a key question that policy makers ask of virtually every new farm proposal is, how will it affect U.S. commitments under the WTO? The answer depends not only on cost, but also on the proposal's design and objectives, as described below.
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Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea

Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses pending U.S. free trade agreements (FTAs) with South Korea, Colombia, and Panama. The bills to implement these agreements will now be debated under trade promotion authority, or fast-track rules, designed to expedite congressional consideration. The report includes an overview of agricultural issues regarding FTAs and pending FTA partners, as well as a closer breakdown of the specific issues for each of the countries.
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Reauthorization of SNAP and Other Nutrition Programs in the Next Farm Bill: Issues for the 113th Congress

Reauthorization of SNAP and Other Nutrition Programs in the Next Farm Bill: Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: December 10, 2013
Creator: Alison Aussenberg, Randy
Description: This report discusses the Nutrition Title (Title IV) of the pending farm bills and elaborates on the most controversial issues and differences between Senate and House proposals. Policies that are not necessarily controversial but are complex are also included in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Programs Without a Budget Baseline at the End of the 2008 Farm Bill

Programs Without a Budget Baseline at the End of the 2008 Farm Bill

Date: April 11, 2014
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the 2008 farm bill (the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, P.L. 110-246), which provided mandatory funding for many programs. Some of these programs had budget baseline beyond the end of the farm bill in FY2012, while others did not.
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What Is the Farm Bill?

What Is the Farm Bill?

Date: April 7, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the farm bill, which is an omnibus, multi-year piece of authorizing legislation that governs an array of agricultural and food programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Farm Safety Net: In Brief

The Farm Safety Net: In Brief

Date: October 21, 2014
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report discusses the several programs operated by The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that supplement the income of farmers and ranchers in times of low farm prices and natural disasters. The programs are collectively called the farm safety net.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Identification and Traceability: Overview and Issues

Animal Identification and Traceability: Overview and Issues

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report provides a summary of current developments in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) effort to establish a national animal traceability capacity with the intended goal of being able to rapidly identify and respond to an animal disease outbreak. National animal identification and traceability appear to have substantial economic value, yet federal proposals have proven controversial among certain segments of the U.S. cattle industry. This report provides background on animal ID and traceability in general, and the development of the current U.S. system of animal ID and traceability in particular. In addition, it reviews the claims and counter-claims of proponents and opponents of a national animal ID system, and describes many of the unresolved issues related to program development. Finally, two appendixes offer a brief chronology of the development of the U.S. National Animal Identification System (NAIS) and its successor program, and a brief description of the major international organizations involved in setting standards and rules for animal health and trade in animal products, along with summary descriptions of animal ID and traceability programs found in other major livestock producer and consumer countries.
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Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Date: December 11, 2012
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) several permanently authorized programs to help producers recover from natural disasters. Most of these programs offer financial assistance to producers for a loss in the production of crops or livestock. In addition to the production assistance programs, USDA also has several permanent disaster assistance programs that help producers repair damaged crop and forest land following natural disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2015

U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2015

Date: February 18, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses national net farm income, which is a key indicator of U.S. farm well-being. The outlook for lower net farm income, coupled with record farm wealth, suggests a mixed financial picture heading into 2015 for the agricultural sector as a whole, with substantial regional variation.
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Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Date: January 5, 2015
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report describes emergency agricultural land assistance programs designed to repair agricultural and forest land following a natural disaster and potentially mitigate future risk. It presents background on the programs--purpose, activities, authority, eligibility requirements, and authorized program funding levels, as well as current congressional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and EU Agricultural Support: Overview and Comparison

U.S. and EU Agricultural Support: Overview and Comparison

Date: March 21, 2011
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report uses data from two public sources to compare agricultural support between the United States and the European Union (EU): (1) estimates of domestic support for agricultural programs based on World Trade Organization (WTO) notifications; and (2) the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD's) country-level policy database. Each of these data sources uses a slightly different metric to evaluate agricultural support. The report includes an overview of farm programs in the U.S. and EU, comparisons of support based on the metrics, and conclusions with policy implications.
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Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Date: August 21, 2015
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report discusses several programs operated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that supplement the income of farmers and ranchers in times of low farm prices and natural disasters. Federal crop insurance, farm programs, and disaster assistance are collectively called the farm safety net.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2016

U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2016

Date: February 16, 2016
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses this the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) farm income outlook and its implications. According to USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS), national net farm income--a key indicator of U.S. farm well-being--is forecast at $54.8 billion in 2016, down 3% from last year. The 2016 forecast represents the third consecutive year of decline and would be the lowest since 2002 in both nominal and inflation-adjusted dollars.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Date: August 18, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses a plan announced by EPA in January 2005, called the Air Compliance Agreement, that would produce air quality monitoring data on animal agriculture emissions from a small number of farms, while at the same time protecting all participants (including farms where no monitoring takes place) through a “safe harbor” from liability under certain provisions of federal environmental laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Date: July 20, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: From an environmental quality standpoint, much of the interest in animal agriculture has focused on impacts on water resources, because animal waste, if not properly managed, can harm water quality through surface runoff, direct discharges, spills, and leaching into soil and groundwater. A more recent issue is the contribution of emissions from animal feeding operations (AFO), enterprises where animals are raised in confinement, to air pollution. AFOs can affect air quality through emissions of gases such as ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, particulate matter, volatile organic compounds, hazardous air pollutants, and odor. These pollutants and compounds have a number of environmental and human health effects. This report reviews key issues associated with the Air Compliance Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Date: March 12, 2013
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report discusses the impact of environmental regulation on agriculture. Most environmental regulations, in terms of permitting, inspection, and enforcement, are implemented by state and local governments, often based on federal EPA regulatory guidance. In some cases, agriculture is the direct or primary focus of the regulatory actions. In other cases, agriculture is one of many affected sectors. Traditionally, farm and ranch operations have been exempt or excluded from many environmental regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Date: June 16, 2014
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report provides the background, status, and issues related to selected environmental regulations or initiatives possibly affecting agriculture that have drawn attention in and beyond Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the Farm Bill?

What Is the Farm Bill?

Date: October 11, 2013
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the farm bill, which is an omnibus, multi-year piece of authorizing legislation that governs an array of agricultural and food programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report discusses several programs operated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that supplement the income of farmers and ranchers in times of low farm prices and natural disasters. Federal crop insurance, farm programs, and disaster assistance are collectively called the farm safety net.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the Farm Bill?

What Is the Farm Bill?

Date: March 12, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report describes the Farm Bill (P.L. 110-246, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008), which was enacted into law on June 18, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the 2013 discovery of unapproved Genetically Engineered (GE) wheat in eastern Oregon and its effect on future policy considerations and regulatory structures in biotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department