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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agriculture: Prospective Issues for the 107th Congress

Agriculture: Prospective Issues for the 107th Congress

Date: January 29, 2001
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: Persistent low farm prices and 3 years of multi-billion dollar ad hoc additions to federal spending for farmers are expected to put pressure on the 107th Congress for an early review of federal farm policy. Farm policy is governed by a variety of laws, many of which are incorporated into an omnibus, multi-year farm bill. Most of the provisions of the current farm bill, the Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act of 1996, expire after the 2002 crop year. Key issues are the responsiveness of current policy to low commodity prices and farm income, factors influencing low prices, and options for improving prices and/or providing automatic relief to farmers when prices fall. Increased concentration in the agriculture industry, trade, and environmental regulations affecting agriculture are likely to be part of the debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Trade Issues in the 107th Congress

Agricultural Trade Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: May 25, 2001
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: The 107th Congress will consider and seek to influence trade issues with implications for the U.S. agricultural sector. Trade in agricultural commodities and food products affects farm income and rural employment, and it also generates economic activity beyond the farm gate. With agricultural export sales accounting for one-quarter of farm income, policymakers view U.S. efforts to develop market opportunities overseas as vital to the sector's financial health. Decisions taken by the Bush Administration, and actions taken by Congress, thus will affect the outlook for agricultural trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: A List of Websites

Agriculture: A List of Websites

Date: February 8, 2001
Creator: Canada, Carol
Description: This list provides a sampling of the rapidly proliferating number of agricultural resources available on the Internet. It is not intended to be exhaustive. It is divided into 24 main categories and 15 subcategories.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: May 8, 2001
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), enacted in 1985, enables producers to retire highly erodible or environmentally sensitive cropland, usually for 10 years. Congress reauthorized and amended the CRP in the 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act (P.L. 104-127; 16 U.S.C. 3811, et seq.). The law caps enrollment at 36.4 million acres and makes funding mandatory through the commodity Credit Corporation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dairy Policy Issues

Dairy Policy Issues

Date: April 2, 2001
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Three major dairy policy issues captured the attention of the 106th Congress, and are expected to remain issues of concern to the 107th Congress-- federal financial assistance for dairy farmers; implementation by USDA of changes to federal farm milk pricing regulations; and regional debates over the market effects of dairy compacts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Costs and Agriculture

Energy Costs and Agriculture

Date: April 24, 2001
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: U.S. agriculture is not an especially energy-intensive industry, but energy does account for about 6% of farm production costs. Additionally, farming is a highly mechanized industry and requires timely energy supplies at particular stages of the production cycle in order to achieve optimum yields. A substantial part of energy use by agriculture is indirect —embodied in the chemicals applied and machinery used on farms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: May 30, 2001
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2001, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. European Agricultural Trade: Food Safety and Biotechnology Issues

U.S. European Agricultural Trade: Food Safety and Biotechnology Issues

Date: January 17, 2001
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Support Programs and World Trade Commitments

Farm Support Programs and World Trade Commitments

Date: July 20, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sugar Policy Issues

Sugar Policy Issues

Date: April 13, 2001
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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