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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Transportation and Industry Analysis Section
Description: The purpose of this report is to explain why many of those who are least able to afford high drug costs are those who are most frequently charged the most. This report describes the basic economic theory underlying price differentiation and, in the context of the pharmaceutical market, analyzes the role and behavior of pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), pharmaceutical manufacturers, and retail pharmacies, respectively. It also looks at a number of the criticisms that have been made of the practice of differential pricing. Finally, this report discusses various policy approaches aimed at assisting the elderly to purchase prescription drugs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: June 20, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: October 8, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: February 7, 2003
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Date: July 16, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Date: August 14, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Service Retirement Bills in the 106th Congress

Civil Service Retirement Bills in the 106th Congress

Date: June 28, 2000
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: Among the civil service retirement issues addressed in bills introduced thus far in the 106th Congress are the correction of retirement coverage errors for federal employees assigned to the wrong retirement system; immediate eligibility for federal employees to participate in the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP); improved portability of pension benefits; and repeal of the temporary increase in employee retirement contributions that was mandated by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Other bills would expand TSP eligibility to include members of the armed services; improve pension coverage for temporary and part-time federal employees; and designate several categories of federal employees as law enforcement officers for purposes of determining their retirement benefits.
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Housing for the Elderly: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Housing for the Elderly: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: December 8, 1999
Creator: Vanhorenbeck, Susan M
Description: None
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Pharmacy Benefit Managers

Pharmacy Benefit Managers

Date: November 29, 2000
Creator: Sroka, Christopher J
Description: None
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Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Premiums: Fact Sheet

Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Premiums: Fact Sheet

Date: February 6, 2002
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
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Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Premiums: Fact Sheet

Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Premiums: Fact Sheet

Date: January 2, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 19, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: May 7, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 27, 2002
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 29, 2004
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and Medicare "Lock Boxes"

Social Security and Medicare "Lock Boxes"

Date: March 21, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart; Kollmann, Geoffrey & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and Medicare "Lock Boxes"

Social Security and Medicare "Lock Boxes"

Date: August 28, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart; Kollmann, Geoffrey & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Payment Policies

Medicare Payment Policies

Date: February 23, 2005
Creator: Tilson, Sibyl L; Chaikind, Hinda Ripps; O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Morgan, Paulette C; Justice, Diane; Stone-Axelrad, Julie et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Date: August 19, 2004
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Beneficiary Information and Decision Supports for the Medicare-Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card

Beneficiary Information and Decision Supports for the Medicare-Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Justice, Diane
Description: On December 8, 2003 the President signed into law the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA, P.L. 108-173). This legislation establishes a Medicare prescription drug benefit, effective January 1, 2006. In the interim, the legislation requires the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to establish a temporary program of Medicare-endorsed prescription drug discount cards. This report discusses the objectives and benefits of this legislation.
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Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Date: September 16, 2004
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Date: September 14, 2005
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department