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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie & Purcell, Patrick
Description: To a worker contemplating retirement, there is perhaps no more important question than "How long will my money last?" Congress has a strong interest in the income security of older Americans because much of their income is either provided directly from public programs like Social Security, or in the case of pensions and retirement accounts, is subsidized through tax deductions and deferrals. This report discusses risks involved with retirement fund disbursement and strategies for dealing with such risks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
401(k) Plans and Retirement Savings: Issues for Congress

401(k) Plans and Retirement Savings: Issues for Congress

Date: July 14, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick & Topoleski, John J.
Description: Over the past 25 years, defined contribution (DC) plans - including 401(k) plans - have become the most prevalent form of employer-sponsored retirement plan in the United States. This report describes seven major policy issues with respect to defined contribution plans: 1) access to employer-sponsored retirement plans; 2) participation in employer-sponsored plans; 3) contribution rates; 4) investment choices; 5) fee disclosure; 6) leakage from retirement savings; and 7) converting retirement savings into income.
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Pension Sponsorship and Participation: Summary of Recent Trends

Pension Sponsorship and Participation: Summary of Recent Trends

Date: September 8, 2008
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report discusses trends that will affect the economic well-being of future retirees.
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Major Provisions of the Medicare Modernization and Prescription Drug Act of 2002, H.R. 4954, as Passed by the House

Major Provisions of the Medicare Modernization and Prescription Drug Act of 2002, H.R. 4954, as Passed by the House

Date: July 5, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Chaikind, Hinda Ripps & Tilson, Sibyl L
Description: None
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Medicare's Skilled Nursing Facility Benefit

Medicare's Skilled Nursing Facility Benefit

Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Yacker, Heidi G
Description: None
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Trends in Medicare Spending: Fact Sheet

Trends in Medicare Spending: Fact Sheet

Date: March 3, 2000
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps
Description: None
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Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Date: October 26, 2001
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare's Hospice Benefit

Medicare's Hospice Benefit

Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: Stone, Julie
Description: This report discusses Medicare's hospice benefit, which was provides care that specializes in the relief of the pain and symptoms associated with a terminal illness and the provision of supportive and counseling services to patients and their families during the final stages of a patient's illness and death.
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H.R. 6500, The Thrift Savings Plan Enhancement Act of 2008

H.R. 6500, The Thrift Savings Plan Enhancement Act of 2008

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report describes the various aspects of the Thrift Savings Plan Enhancement Act of 2008.
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Medicare Beneficiary Access to Care: The Effects of New Prospective Payment Systems on Outpatient Hospital Care, Home Health Care, and Skilled Nursing Facility Care

Medicare Beneficiary Access to Care: The Effects of New Prospective Payment Systems on Outpatient Hospital Care, Home Health Care, and Skilled Nursing Facility Care

Date: February 2, 2000
Creator: Merck, Carolyn L
Description: This report discusses the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97), which required that prospective payment systems replace retrospective cost-based reimbursement systems for Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in hospital outpatient departments, from home health care agencies, and in skilled nursing facilities.
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Prescription Drug Coverage Under Medicaid

Prescription Drug Coverage Under Medicaid

Date: March 12, 2004
Creator: Hearne, Jean & Grady, April
Description: Medicaid is a joint federal-state entitlement program that pays for medical services on behalf of certain groups of low-income persons. It is the third largest social program in the federal budget, exceeded only by Social Security and Medicare and is typically the second largest spending item for states. This report discusses prescription drug policies under the program.
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Medicare Prescription Drug Proposals: Estimates of Aged Beneficiaries Who Fall Below Income Criteria, by State

Medicare Prescription Drug Proposals: Estimates of Aged Beneficiaries Who Fall Below Income Criteria, by State

Date: February 11, 2003
Creator: Peterson, Chris L. & Morgan, Paulette C.
Description: This report discusses bills related to Medicare benefits, which include additional assistance for low-income beneficiaries. The assistance would have been in the form of reduced, subsidized or eliminated premiums, deductibles and other cost-sharing. Proposals in the 108th Congress will probably also include some of these features for low-income beneficiaries.
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Medicaid: Eligibility for the Aged and Disabled

Medicaid: Eligibility for the Aged and Disabled

Date: July 5, 2002
Creator: Stone-Axelrad, Julie
Description: None
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Older Americans Act Nutrition Program

Older Americans Act Nutrition Program

Date: April 29, 2004
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol
Description: None
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Beneficiary Information and Decision Supports for the Medicare-Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card

Beneficiary Information and Decision Supports for the Medicare-Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Justice, Diane
Description: On December 8, 2003 the President signed into law the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA, P.L. 108-173). This legislation establishes a Medicare prescription drug benefit, effective January 1, 2006. In the interim, the legislation requires the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to establish a temporary program of Medicare-endorsed prescription drug discount cards. This report discusses the objectives and benefits of this legislation.
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The Pros and Cons of Allowing the Federal Government to Negotiate Prescription Drug Prices

The Pros and Cons of Allowing the Federal Government to Negotiate Prescription Drug Prices

Date: February 18, 2005
Creator: Hahn, Jim
Description: None
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Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Date: August 19, 2004
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
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President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: February 7, 2003
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
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Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Date: July 16, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
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Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Date: August 14, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
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The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Transportation and Industry Analysis Section
Description: The purpose of this report is to explain why many of those who are least able to afford high drug costs are those who are most frequently charged the most. This report describes the basic economic theory underlying price differentiation and, in the context of the pharmaceutical market, analyzes the role and behavior of pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), pharmaceutical manufacturers, and retail pharmacies, respectively. It also looks at a number of the criticisms that have been made of the practice of differential pricing. Finally, this report discusses various policy approaches aimed at assisting the elderly to purchase prescription drugs.
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President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: June 20, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: October 8, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department