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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Implications of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit for State Budgets

Implications of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit for State Budgets

Date: June 23, 2004
Creator: Grady, April & Scott, Christine
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2007

Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2007

Date: October 3, 2008
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report describes the income and poverty status of the 36.8 million Americans age 65 and older who were living in households in 2007. The report also describes how the proportion of total income received from each source differs between high-income individuals and households and low-income individuals and households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2008

Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2008

Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report describes the sources and amounts of income received by the 37.8 million Americans aged 65 and older who lived in non-institutional settings in 2008. The report also describes how the proportion of total income received from each source differs between high-income individuals and households and low-income individuals and households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Income of Americans Aged 65 and Older, 1968 to 2008

Income of Americans Aged 65 and Older, 1968 to 2008

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report presents data collected by the Census Bureau in the Current Population Survey from 1969 through 2009 about the employment status and the sources and amounts of income received by people aged 65 and older.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Date: May 6, 2008
Creator: Best, Jr., Richard A.
Description: In its FY2007 budget submission, the Department of Defense (DOD) proposed increases in Tricare enrollment fees, deductibles, and pharmacy co-payments for retired beneficiaries not yet eligible for Medicare. The raises were justified by DOD as necessary to constrain the growth of health care spending as a proportion of the overall defense budget in the next decade. Many beneficiaries argued that the proposed hikes were unfair and unnecessary. The FY2007 Defense Authorization Act prohibited increases in premiums, deductibles, and co-payments prior to September 30, 2007. The FY2008 National Defense Authoriztion Act extended the prohibition of increases in co-payments and enrollment fees until October 2008 and Congress may move to extend them further.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: In its FY2007, FY2008, and FY2009 budget submissions, the Department of Defense (DOD) proposed increases in Tricare enrollment fees, deductibles, and pharmacy co-payments for retired beneficiaries not yet eligible for Medicare. In passing the FY2009 National Defense Authorization Act, Congress included measures establishing demonstration projects intended to find ways to contain costs through increased use of preventive care services by TRICARE beneficiaries. The scope of these measures are limited. Defense health care spending will likely remain an issue for the DOD in the next Administration, and Congress can anticipate being asked to consider new proposals to constrain costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Date: July 25, 2008
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: In its FY2007, FY2008, and FY2009 budget submissions, the Department of Defense (DOD) proposed increases in Tricare enrollment fees, deductibles, and pharmacy co-payments for retired beneficiaries not yet eligible for Medicare. In passing the FY2009 National Defense Authorization Act, Congress included measures establishing demonstration projects intended to find ways to contain costs through increased use of preventive care services by TRICARE beneficiaries. The scope of these measures are limited. Defense health care spending will likely remain an issue for the DOD in the next Administration, and Congress can anticipate being asked to consider new proposals to constrain costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Best, Richard
Description: In its FY2007, FY2008, and FY2009 budget submissions, the Department of Defense (DOD) proposed increases in Tricare enrollment fees, deductibles, and pharmacy co-payments for retired beneficiaries not yet eligible for Medicare. In passing the FY2009 National Defense Authorization Act, Congress included measures establishing demonstration projects intended to find ways to contain costs through increased use of preventive care services by TRICARE beneficiaries. The scope of these measures are limited. Defense health care spending will likely remain an issue for the DOD in the next Administration, and Congress can anticipate being asked to consider new proposals to constrain costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report discusses budgetary matters for the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), specifically regarding past instances of debate regarding the Tricare system. The dollar amounts allocated to health care in the budget of the DOD have more than doubled since FY2001, growing from about $17 billion to over $44.8 billion in FY2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Provisions of the Medicare Modernization and Prescription Drug Act of 2002, H.R. 4954, as Passed by the House

Major Provisions of the Medicare Modernization and Prescription Drug Act of 2002, H.R. 4954, as Passed by the House

Date: July 5, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Chaikind, Hinda Ripps & Tilson, Sibyl L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: Eligibility for the Aged and Disabled

Medicaid: Eligibility for the Aged and Disabled

Date: July 5, 2002
Creator: Stone-Axelrad, Julie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Reimbursement Policy

Medicaid Reimbursement Policy

Date: November 2, 2004
Creator: Merlis, Mark
Description: This report begins with a summary of basic federal requirements applicable to payments for all services and an overview of major developments in federal Medicaid reimbursement policy over the last 20 years. This overview provides a historical context for current policies and highlights some issues that have been perennial concerns for federal and state policymakers. The next four sections of the report provide a detailed discussion of Medicaid reimbursement for four basic categories of services or providers.
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Medicaid, SCHIP, and Other Health Provisions in H.R. 5661: Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000

Medicaid, SCHIP, and Other Health Provisions in H.R. 5661: Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000

Date: January 4, 2001
Creator: Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J & Baumrucker, Evelyne P
Description: This report discusses Medicaid and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). The report also discusses other major health provisions provisions of H.R. 5661 are incorporated, by reference into H.R. 4577, the Consolidated Appropriations Act 2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Advantage

Medicare Advantage

Date: March 3, 2009
Creator: Morgan, Paulette C.
Description: This report is an overview of the Medicare Advantage (MA) program, an alternative way for Medicare beneficiaries to receive covered benefits, and includes legislative history and analysis of recent trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Beneficiary Access to Care: The Effects of New Prospective Payment Systems on Outpatient Hospital Care, Home Health Care, and Skilled Nursing Facility Care

Medicare Beneficiary Access to Care: The Effects of New Prospective Payment Systems on Outpatient Hospital Care, Home Health Care, and Skilled Nursing Facility Care

Date: February 2, 2000
Creator: Merck, Carolyn L
Description: This report discusses the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97), which required that prospective payment systems replace retrospective cost-based reimbursement systems for Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in hospital outpatient departments, from home health care agencies, and in skilled nursing facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Beneficiary Cost-Sharing Under Prescription Drug Legislation

Medicare: Beneficiary Cost-Sharing Under Prescription Drug Legislation

Date: July 25, 2003
Creator: Peterson, Chris L
Description: This report provides an analysis of how the cost-sharing and premium provisions under the Prescription Drug and Medicare Improvement Act of 2003 (S. 1) and the Medicare Prescription Drug and Modernization Act of 2003 (H bill would affect the amount that a beneficiary would pay annually for prescription drugs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Beneficiary Cost-Sharing Under Proposed Prescription Drug Benefits

Medicare: Beneficiary Cost-Sharing Under Proposed Prescription Drug Benefits

Date: June 26, 2003
Creator: Peterson, Chris L
Description: This report provides background on how the cost-sharing and premium provisions under each bill would affect the amount that a beneficiary pays annually for prescription drugs. In addition, this report gives examples of how annual cost-sharing would differ for beneficiaries with various levels of total prescription drug spending in 2006 under the plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Beneficiary Cost-Sharing Under Proposed Prescription Drug Benefits

Medicare: Beneficiary Cost-Sharing Under Proposed Prescription Drug Benefits

Date: June 17, 2003
Creator: Peterson, Chris L
Description: This report examines these proposals as well as the “Medicare Rx Drug Benefit and Discount Act of 2003,” which was introduced by Representative Charles Rangel, the ranking member of the House Ways and Means Committee. Specifically, this report provides background on how the cost-sharing and premium provisions under each bill would affect the amount that a beneficiary pays annually for prescription drugs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Changes to Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97, P.L. 105-33) Provisions

Medicare: Changes to Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97, P.L. 105-33) Provisions

Date: November 19, 1999
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Merck, Carolyn L; Smith, Madeleine T & Tilson, Sibyl L
Description: This report summarizes the major provisions of the agreement between the by House and Senate negotiators on the Medicare provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare+Choice Payments

Medicare+Choice Payments

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps & Morgan, Paulette C
Description: This report discusses the M+C program that established new rules for beneficiary and plan participation. This report focuses on M+C payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare+Choice Payments

Medicare+Choice Payments

Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps & Morgan, Paulette C
Description: This report discusses the M+C program that established new rules for beneficiary and plan participation. This report focuses on M+C payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Date: August 19, 2004
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Expansion: President Clinton's Proposals to Allow Coverage Before Age 65

Medicare Expansion: President Clinton's Proposals to Allow Coverage Before Age 65

Date: March 31, 1998
Creator: Lyke, Bob; Fuchs, Beth C; O'Sullivan, Jennifer & Smith, Madeleine T
Description: This report discusses medicare expansion; President Clinton's proposal to allow people ages 62 through 64 to buy into Medicare if they do not have access to employer-sponsored or federal health insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department