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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
This report discusses the continued debate amongst congressional policymakers regarding telecommunications reform. A major point of the ongoing discussion is whether action is needed to ensure unfettered access to the Internet. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40076/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
This report discusses the current debate over "net neutrality." While there is no single accepted definition of "net neutrality," most agree that any such definition should include the general principles that owners of the networks that compose and provide access to the Internet should not control how consumers lawfully use that network, and they should not be able to discriminate against content provider access to that network. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689350/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818524/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812109/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810090/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc819896/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810148/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816074/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc817753/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818087/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806989/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc807457/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc808174/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806301/
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806563/
Access to Government Information In the United States: A Primer
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816803/
Access to Paper Currency by Visually Impaired Individuals: The American Council of the Blind v. Paulson
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806570/
Access to Unapproved Drugs: FDA Policies on Compassionate Use and Emergency Use Authorization
This report discuses the approval or licensure procedures of drugs and biological products which Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may permit the sponsor to provide an unapproved or unlicensed product to patients outside the standard regulatory framework. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822560/
Accountable Care Organizations and the Medicare Shared Savings Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc813205/
Accountable Care Organizations and the Medicare Shared Savings Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815325/
Achievements of and Outlook for Sanctions on Iran
This report analyzes the effect that sanctions have had in contributing to the achievement of U.S. objectives on Iran and analyzes several scenarios that might affect whether sanctions are eased or increased, or that might affect the effectiveness of the sanctions. It briefly reviews the imposition of sanctions, both by the United States and the international community, and discusses their stated objectives. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306511/
Acquisition Reform in House- and Senate- Passed Versions of the FY2016 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 1735)
This report discusses the similarities and differences between House and Senate versions of the FY2016 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 1735). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc700564/
Across-the-Board Rescissions in Appropriations Acts: Overview and Recent Practices
This report provides information on the main components of across-the-board rescissions and recent practices between FY2008 through FY2013. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227937/
Across-the-Board Rescissions in Appropriations Acts: Overview and Recent Practices
This report provides information on the main components of across-the-board rescissions and recent practices since FY2008. The annual appropriations process reqires an agreement on the level of funding for individual items or accounts but also with regard to the total amount of discretionary budget authority that will be provided for that fiscal year. If that agreed-upon amount requires a reduction in budget authority and sufficient reductions are not associated with individual programs, an alternative method to reduce that amount is an "across-the-board rescission." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc743548/
Actual Farm Bill Spending and Cost Estimates
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc811224/
Actual Farm Bill Spending and Cost Estimates
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810300/
Actual Farm Bill Spending and Cost Estimates
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc805228/
The ADA Amendments Act: Judicial Decisions Relating to Testing Accommodation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810111/
The Addition of Trainers to Iraq: Background for Congress
This report provides a brief overview of the conflict with the Islamic State organization (IS, aka ISIL/ISIS/Daesh) and resulting military campaign. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689478/
Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions
This report briefly discusses various arguments regarding the introduction of additional ground forces to secure territory once it has been taken back from the Islamic State. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc824592/
Addressing Medicare Hospital Readmissions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc807281/
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches
The growth of the national debt, which is considered unsustainable under current policies, continues to be one of the central issues of domestic federal policy making. On August 2, 2011, Congress adopted, and the President signed, the Budget Control Act (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which might be viewed as an initial step in addressing long-run debt issues. This report examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the BCA and the extended tax cuts as well as to ongoing, longer-term decisions about how to bring the debt under control. It focuses on the trade-offs between limiting the provision of defense and domestic public goods, reducing transfers to persons including entitlements for the elderly and those with low income, reducing support for state and local governments, and raising taxes. Using projections of the debt and deficit, it also addresses how limiting reliance on one source of deficit reduction creates pressure on other sources. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501513/
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches
Report that examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the Budget Control Act and the expiring tax cuts as well as to ongoing longer term decisions about how to bring the debt under control. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227728/
Administering Green Programs in Congress: Issues and Options
This report discusses "green" programs and the higher profile they have gained since the 110th Congress. "Green" programs are those designed to create an environmentally friendly work environment and conserve energy. This report discusses initiatives and policy options that would improve the "greening" process on Capitol Hill. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33075/
Administration’s Proposal to Reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act: Comparison to Current Law
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc808611/
Administration’s Proposal to Reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act: Comparison to Current Law
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc820768/
Administrative Agencies and Claims of Unreasonable Delay: Analysis of Court Treatment
This report discusses judicial remedies available for delayed agency actions that are somewhat limited. Generally, a court is restricted to ordering an agency to act by a specific deadline. The following sections outline the timing requirements imposed by the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), discuss the available judicial remedies when actions are found to be unreasonably delayed, and provide an examination of cases where courts have been asked to compel agency action. Finally, the report concludes with a discussion of legislative tools that Congress can use to try to set agency priorities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462331/
Administrative Appeals in the Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818184/
Administrative Appeals in the Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc807232/
Administrative Issues Related to a Change in Majority in the House of Representatives
This report briefly describes how a change in majority leadership in the House of Representatives -- such as the incoming new majority that will assume control of House operations at the beginning of the 112th Congress in January 2011 -- could affect House rules, committees, and administrative and legislative operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29682/
Administrative Law Primer: Statutory Definitions of "Agency" and Characteristics of Agency Independence
This report explores several important statutes that regulate agencies and these statutes' respective definitions of "agency." These statutes include the Administrative Procedure Act, the Freedom of Information Act, the Federal Records Act, statutes governing federal employees, and the Paperwork Reduction Act. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306540/
The Administrative Process by Which Groups May Be Acknowledged as Indian Tribes by the Department of the Interior
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc817606/
Adopting A Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals
This report focuses on the current federal budget process, including criticisms of that process. This report will provide information on (1) the current horizons used in the budget process, including already existing long-term components; (2) the rationale for increased focus on longterm budgeting; (3) general challenges to long-term budgeting; and (4) an analysis of general proposals that have been made to increase the focus of long-term budgeting in the budget process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31390/
Adopting a Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals
Report concerning the current federal budget process, including criticisms of that process. Information is provided regarding the current horizons used in the budget process, including already existing long-term components; the rationale for increased focus on long term budgeting; general challenges to long-term budgeting; and an analysis of general proposals that have been made to increase the focus of long-term budgeting in the budget process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227689/
Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA): A Primer
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc811691/
Adult Education and Family Literacy Act: Major Statutory Provisions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc811746/
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding
pppropriations acts generally make budget authority (or BA) available for use (or obligation) at the start of the fiscal year covered by the act. Sometimes appropriations bills provide a different date for specified budget authority within the act to become first available so that the funding cycle does not coincide with the fiscal year generally covered by the act. There are three types of this kind of budget authority: advance appropriations, forward funding, and advance funding. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31436/
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations
This report discusses the federal programs that are funded through the annual appropriations process in regular appropriations acts, which may typically obligate those funds during a period that starts at the beginning of that fiscal year. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287958/
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations
This report examines concepts, practices, and procedural implications associated with particular delayed periods of availability. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc795843/
The Advanced Spectroscopic Portal Program: Background and Issues for Congress
This report provides an overview of the advanced spectroscopic portals (ASPs) program's history and outlines issues for Congress as the program moves forward. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc491382/