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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Date: April 10, 2013
Creator: Erwin, Marshall C.
Description: Published reports have suggested that in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Pentagon has expanded its counterterrorism intelligence activities as part of what the Bush Administration termed the global war on terror. Some observers have asserted that the Department of Defense (DOD) may have been conducting certain kinds of counterterrorism intelligence activities that would statutorily qualify as "covert actions," and thus require a presidential finding and the notification of the congressional intelligence committees. This report examines the legislative background surrounding covert action and poses several related policy questions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Date: December 27, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: Published reports have suggested that in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Pentagon has expanded its counter-terrorism intelligence activities as part of what the Bush Administration termed the global war on terror. This report discusses the Department of Defense's (DOD) various counter-terrorist intelligence activities, whether or not they constitute classification as "covert action," and the challenge of clarifying the roles and responsibilities of various intelligence activities with regard to clandestine activities. This report examines the statutory procedures governing covert action and associated questions to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Date: April 6, 2011
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: This report discusses the Department of Defense's (DOD) various counter-terrorist intelligence activities, whether or not they constitute classification as "covert action," and the challenge of clarifying the roles and responsibilities of various intelligence activities with regard to clandestine activities. It also examines the statutory procedures governing covert action and associated questions to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Creating a Federal Advisory Committee in the Executive Branch

Creating a Federal Advisory Committee in the Executive Branch

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report provides a brief overview on how Congress can establish federal advisory committees, and provides some considerations as to why a federal advisory committee may or may not be an appropriate mechanism for a particular policy or funding question. It presents data on the number of active committees established by Congress with special emphasis on the committees established in FY2014. This report concludes by presenting a list of the federal advisory committees currently proposed for establishment in legislation in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Date: December 20, 2012
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the earned pension benefits under one of two retirement plans for the federal employees with permanent appointments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Date: December 30, 2010
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: Federal employees with permanent appointments earn pension benefits under one of two retirement plans. Employees hired after 1983 participate in the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS). Employees hired before 1984 participate in the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) unless they elected to transfer to the FERS during open seasons held in 1987 and 1998. This report discusses the changes in legislation that allowed veterans who subsequently became civilian federal employees to count their years of active-duty military service toward retirement eligibility and pension benefits under CSRS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Crediting Military Service under the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS). Under both CSRS and FERS, federal employees who have served on active duty in the military can have their years of military service counted for retirement eligibility and pension benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit Union Commercial Business Lending: Key Issues for Legislation in the 112th Congress

Credit Union Commercial Business Lending: Key Issues for Legislation in the 112th Congress

Date: June 20, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit Union Member Business Loans

Credit Union Member Business Loans

Date: February 17, 2010
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime and Forfeiture

Crime and Forfeiture

Date: May 13, 2013
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides an overview of federal forfeiture law. It sketches the origins and general attributes of forfeiture, describes the distribution of the hundreds of millions of dollars it generates, and identifies some of the related constitutional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime and Forfeiture

Crime and Forfeiture

Date: January 22, 2015
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides an overview of federal forfeiture law. It sketches the origins and general attributes of forfeiture, describes the distribution of the hundreds of millions of dollars it generates, and identifies some of the related constitutional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime and Forfeiture: In Short

Crime and Forfeiture: In Short

Date: January 22, 2015
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides a brief background information on property and trigger crimes and discusses civil forfeiture, criminal forfeiture, disposition of forfeited assets and constitutional considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

Date: August 22, 2012
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: Report that provides background and funding information for Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) programs and the Crime Victims Fund (CVF). It describes the process through which CVF funds are allocated and explains how the CVF impacts the annual budget for Department of Justice (DOJ).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

Date: October 27, 2015
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report provides background and funding information for Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) programs and the Crime Victims Fund (CVF). It describes the process through which CVF funds are allocated and explains how the CVF impacts the annual budget for DOJ. It then provides an analysis of selected issues that Congress may consider regarding the CVF and the federal budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

Date: June 30, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime

Date: April 20, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Victims' Rights Act: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 3771

Crime Victims' Rights Act: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. 3771

Date: April 24, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: An abridgement of CRS RL 33679, covering the rights to notice, attendance, and participation in the federal criminal justice process. It covers amendments that became active in December, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Victims’ Rights Act: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. §3771

Crime Victims’ Rights Act: A Sketch of 18 U.S.C. §3771

Date: December 9, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Victims' Rights Act: A Summary and Legal Analysis of 18 U.S.C. 3771

Crime Victims' Rights Act: A Summary and Legal Analysis of 18 U.S.C. 3771

Date: April 24, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: An overview of rights afforded to federal crime victims. The report describes who qualifies for these rights and follows with a description of the rights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses dozens of federal statutes that outlaw homicide, assault, and threats under varying jurisdictional circumstances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Crimes of Violence Committed Against Federal Officials or Employees: A Brief Overview of Federal Criminal Law

Date: May 31, 2011
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Date: January 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly provides highlights from an article written by Judge Alex Kozinski of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in which he recommended 26 changes in the U.S. criminal justice system, federal and state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information

Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information

Date: September 10, 2010
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: The recent online publication of classified defense documents by the organization Wikileaks and subsequent reporting by the New York Times and other news media have focused attention on whether such publication violates U.S. criminal law. This report discusses the statutory prohibitions that may be implicated, including the Espionage Act; the extraterritorial application of such statutes; and the First Amendment implications related to such prosecutions against domestic or foreign media organizations and associated individuals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information

Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information

Date: December 6, 2010
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: The recent online publication of classified defense documents by the organization WikiLeaks and subsequent reporting by the New York Times and other news media have focused attention on whether such publication violates U.S. criminal law. The Justice Department and Department of Defense are investigating the circumstances to determine whether any prosecutions will be undertaken in connection with the disclosure. This report identifies some criminal statutes that may apply and also discusses the statutory prohibitions that may be implicated, such as the Espionage Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department