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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Country: Iraq
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Private Security Contractors in Iraq and Afghanistan: Legal Issues

Private Security Contractors in Iraq and Afghanistan: Legal Issues

Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report discusses the legal framework that applies to private security contractors (PSCs) in Iraq and Afghanistan. After presenting a general description of the types of law applicable, including international humanitarian law and relevant status of forces agreements, the report addresses some implications of international law and a multilateral proposal for the adoption of international "best practices" regarding the use of PSCs. The report follows up with a discussion of jurisdiction over PSC personnel in U.S. courts, whether federal or military courts, identifying possible means of prosecuting contractor personnel who are accused of violating the law overseas in the context of U.S. military operations, including a listing of known cases that have occurred or are pending. Finally, the report briefly discusses the possible implication of the roles of private security contractors with respect to inherently governmental functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: January 12, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report gives a summary of the usage of the War Powers Resolution (WPR) and various issues related to proposals to modify or repeal the resolution. The report summarizes most recent developments and background, and gives an overview of United Nations actions, and WPR activities in former Yugoslavia/Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq (post-1991), Haiti, and Somalia. It also includes commentary on the instances formally reported under the WPR, consultation with Congress, and the current issues which Congress is considering.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iraq's political transition from the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein to a plural polity that encompasses varying sects and ideological and political factions. This report also addresses ongoing governmental instabilities and their causes, as well as U.S. concerns about possible Iranian influence in Iraq as U.S. forces depart the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Date: January 19, 2010
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: This report provides a brief history of the development of presidential powers in peacetime. It discusses some of the issues that might be raised in light of the contrast between the executive order's broad language and its narrow aim. It examines the reach of the executive order and provides legal analyses of some of the constitutional questions raised in the courts by similar sanctions programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines logistical support contracts for troop support services in Iraq and Afghanistan (for Afghanistan, beginning with LOGCAP IV) administered through the U.S. Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). LOGCAP is an initiative designed to manage the use of civilian contractors that perform services during times of war and other military mobilizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Casualties: U.S. Military Forces and Iraqi Civilians, Police, and Security Forces

Iraq Casualties: U.S. Military Forces and Iraqi Civilians, Police, and Security Forces

Date: February 25, 2010
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents U.S. military casualties as well as governmental and nongovernmental estimates of Iraqi civilian, police, and security forces casualties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil and Gas Sector, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Oil and Gas Sector, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 3, 2010
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report reviews policy proposals and interim contracts, analyzes the positions of various Iraqi political actors, and discusses potential implications for U.S. foreign policy goals in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: March 3, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iraq's political transition from the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein to a plural polity that encompasses varying sects and ideological and political factions. This report also addresses ongoing governmental instabilities and their causes, as well as U.S. concerns about possible Iranian influence in Iraq as U.S. forces depart the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

Date: March 3, 2010
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and discusses the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities. The report also relates Sunni and Shiite religious beliefs to discussions of terrorism and sectarian violence that may be of interest during the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Date: March 4, 2010
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: This report examines logistical support contracts for troop support services in Iraq and Afghanistan administered through the U.S. Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). LOGCAP is an initiative designed to manage the use of civilian contractors that perform services during times of war and other military mobilizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: March 29, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iraq's political transition from the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein to a plural polity that encompasses varying sects and ideological and political factions. This report also addresses ongoing governmental instabilities and their causes, as well as U.S. concerns about possible Iranian influence in Iraq as U.S. forces depart the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran-Iraq Relations

Iran-Iraq Relations

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides background information on Iran's support to armed groups and Iranian political influence and specifically discusses the relationship between Iran and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Date: April 28, 2010
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: This report examines logistical support contracts for troop support services (also known as service contracts) in Iraq and Afghanistan, primarily administered through a smaller program, the United States Air Force Contract Augmentation Program (AFCAP) and a larger program, the United States Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). It focuses on contracts involving Department of Defense (DOD) appropriated funds, although some projects involve a blending of funds from other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: April 28, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iraq's political transition from the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein to a plural polity that encompasses varying sects and ideological and political factions. This report also addresses ongoing governmental instabilities and their causes, as well as U.S. concerns about possible Iranian influence in Iraq as U.S. forces depart the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Military Casualty Statistics: Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom

United States Military Casualty Statistics: Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom

Date: May 4, 2010
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents statistics regarding U.S. military casualties in the active Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF, Afghanistan), as well as operations that have ended: Operation New Dawn (OND, Iraq) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF, Iraq). It includes statistics on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), traumatic brain injury (TBI), amputations, evacuations, and the demographics of casualties. Some of these statistics are publicly available at the Department of Defense's (DOD's) website; others have been obtained through contact with experts at the DOD.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 7, 2010
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report covers the 2007 Department of Defense (DOD) major procurement initiative to replace most up-armored High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs) with Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicles. It looks at the cost and subsequent budgets of this initiative. Among potential issues for congressional consideration are the status of older, unused MRAPS in Afghanistan that are reportedly not being used because of their size and weight; possible redundancies with the MRAP, M-ATV, and the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) programs; and actual Marine M-ATV requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Casualties: U.S. Military Forces and Iraqi Civilians, Police, and Security Forces

Iraq Casualties: U.S. Military Forces and Iraqi Civilians, Police, and Security Forces

Date: June 11, 2010
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents U.S. military casualties as well as governmental and nongovernmental estimates of Iraqi civilian, police, and security forces casualties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: July 1, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iraq's political system, which has been restructured through a U.S.-supported election process. The Iraqi government is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition rather than violence, but sectarianism and ethnic and factional infighting still remain. This report discusses issues relating to opponents of the Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and also discusses the atmosphere of nationwide provincial elections. The report also addresses the Obama Administration's plan to reduce the U.S. troop presence in Iraq by August 2010 and briefly addresses the Iranian influence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Date: July 16, 2010
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: This report analyzes war funding for the Defense Department and tracks funding for USAID and VA Medical funding. Information on costs is useful to Congress to assess the FY2010 Supplemental for war costs for the Department of Defense (DOD) and State/USAID, FY2011 war requests, conduct oversight of past war costs, and consider the longer-term costs implications of the buildup of troops in Afghanistan and potential problems in the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Map Sources

Iraq: Map Sources

Date: August 5, 2010
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report identifies online sources for maps of Iraq, including government, library, and organizational websites.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran-Iraq Relations

Iran-Iraq Relations

Date: August 13, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides background information on Iran's support to armed groups and Iranian political influence. The report discusses the relationship between Iran and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: August 24, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iraq's political transition from the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein to a plural polity that encompasses varying sects and ideological and political factions. This report also addresses ongoing governmental instabilities and their causes, as well as U.S. concerns about possible Iranian influence in Iraq as U.S. forces depart the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 24, 2010
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the background and present status of Congress' involvement in the MRAP program. Topics include the deployment of MRAPs, their efficacy at reducing casualties, and possible issues of unused vehicles and redundancy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Date: September 20, 2010
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: This report will examine logistical support contracts for troop support services (also known as service contracts) in Iraq and Afghanistan, primarily administered through a smaller program, the United States Air Force Contract Augmentation Program (AFCAP) and a larger program, the United States Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). This report will focus primarily on contracts involving Department of Defense (DOD) appropriated funds, although some projects involve a blending of funds from other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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