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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2012
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Submission of the President's Budget in Transition Years

Submission of the President's Budget in Transition Years

Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Christensen, Michelle D.
Description: This report discusses the President's budget at the time of a presidential transition. The transition from one presidential administration to another raises special issues regarding the annual budget submission. Which President—the outgoing President or the incoming one—is required to submit the budget, and how will the transition affect the timing and form of the submission? The purpose of this report is to provide background information that addresses these questions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Subsidy Cost of Federal Credit: Cost to the Government or Fair Value Cost?

Subsidy Cost of Federal Credit: Cost to the Government or Fair Value Cost?

Date: April 25, 2012
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: Since the mid-1980s, budget experts have debated whether the best method of measuring the subsidy cost of federal credit (direct loans and loan guarantees) is the cost to the government or the fair value cost. This report presents a chronology of this still unresolved debate, which dates from the mid-1980s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sudan and South Sudan: Current Issues for Congress and U.S. Policy

Sudan and South Sudan: Current Issues for Congress and U.S. Policy

Date: October 5, 2012
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report examines the shared interests and outstanding disputes between Sudan and South Sudan after separating into two countries. It gives an overview of political, economic, and humanitarian conditions in the two countries, with a focus on possible implications for U.S. policy and congressional engagement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Date: February 3, 2012
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Description: Responsibility for prevention of veteran suicide lies primarily with the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VHA Strategic Plan for Suicide Prevention is based on a public health framework, which has three major components: (1) surveillance, (2) risk and protective factors, and (3) prevention interventions. This report identifies challenges the VHA faces in each component of suicide prevention and discusses potential issues for Congress.
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Super PACs in Federal Elections: Overview and Issues for Congress

Super PACs in Federal Elections: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: September 12, 2012
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam
Description: Report exploring super Political Action Committees, what they are, how they developed, how much they raised and spent during the 2010 election cycle, and a preliminary analysis of the 2012 cycle.
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Supervision of U.S. Payment, Clearing, and Settlement Systems: Designation of Financial Market Utilities (FMUs)

Supervision of U.S. Payment, Clearing, and Settlement Systems: Designation of Financial Market Utilities (FMUs)

Date: September 10, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report outlines the changes to the supervision of key market infrastructure that are embodied in the Dodd-Frank Act. It is intended to be used as a reference for those interested in the financial system's "plumbing," and how the associated systems are currently overseen and regulated.
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"Surge Recovery" and Next Steps in the War in Afghanistan: In Brief

"Surge Recovery" and Next Steps in the War in Afghanistan: In Brief

Date: January 6, 2012
Creator: Dale, Catherine
Description: This report draws in part on the author's recent three-week visit to Afghanistan, in November 2011, based on an invitation from the Commander of NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), General John Allen. It provides initial observations about surge recovery in broader operational and strategic context, and links those observations to current debates that may be of interest to Congress as it considers the strength and duration of further U.S. involvement in Afghanistan.
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Syria: Unrest and U.S. Policy

Syria: Unrest and U.S. Policy

Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: Syria remains mired in political confrontation and violence, and is perched on the edge of civil war. U.S. officials and many analysts believe that President Bashar al Asad, his family members, and his supporters will ultimately be forced from power. President Obama and his Administration have been calling for Asad's resignation since August 2011, and have been vocal advocates for United Nations Security Council action to condemn the Syrian government and end the bloodshed. The United States has closed its embassy in Damascus, and Ambassador Robert Ford has left Syria. In the face of intense domestic and international pressure calling for political change and for an end to violence against civilians, the Asad government has offered limited reforms while also meeting protests and armed attacks with overwhelming force. After a year of unrest and violence, Syria's political crisis is characterized by dilemmas and contradictions, which are discussed in this report.
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Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: March 7, 2012
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report, updated as warranted, discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: February 24, 2012
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation. Congress has oversight of the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), P.L. 96-8, which has governed arms sales to Taiwan since 1979, when the United States recognized the People's Republic of China (PRC) instead of the ROC. Two other relevant parts of the "one China" policy are the August 17, 1982, U.S.-PRC Joint Communique and the "Six Assurances" to Taiwan. U.S. arms sales to Taiwan have been significant. The United States also expanded military ties with Taiwan after the PRC's missile firings in 1995-1996. However, the U.S.-ROC Mutual Defense Treaty terminated in 1979.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department