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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2012
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Budget and Trust Fund Issues

Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Budget and Trust Fund Issues

Date: September 27, 2012
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J.
Description: Retirement annuities for civilian federal employees are provided mainly through two programs: the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS). These annuities are financed through a combination of employee contributions and payments made by the federal government to the civil service retirement trust fund. This report discusses the two programs, how they work, and how they are financed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Highlighted Activities

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Highlighted Activities

Date: February 23, 2012
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: A look at legislative reforms that have been passed and are in process in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on April 20, 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background and Governance

Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background and Governance

Date: January 11, 2012
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report provides background information regarding oil spills in U.S. coastal waters and identifies the legal authorities governing oil spill prevention, response, and cleanup. Based on data between 1973 and 2009, the annual number and volume of oil spills have shown declines- in some cases, dramatic declines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Sands and the Keystone XL Pipeline: Background and Selected Environmental Issues

Oil Sands and the Keystone XL Pipeline: Background and Selected Environmental Issues

Date: July 16, 2012
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Luther, Linda; Parfomak, Paul W. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report looks at concerns about the Keystone XL pipeline. These include the need for a Presidential Permit, as the pipeline crosses and international border. Additionally, the report discusses specific environmental issues that the Keystone XL proposal raises.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Development of High Speed Rail in the United States: Issues and Recent Events

The Development of High Speed Rail in the United States: Issues and Recent Events

Date: June 28, 2012
Creator: Randall Peterman, David; Frittelli, John & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report looks at the different ways to construct a high speed rail (HSR) in the U.S., including estimates of construction costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Europe's Energy Security: Options and Challenges to Natural Gas Supply Diversification

Europe's Energy Security: Options and Challenges to Natural Gas Supply Diversification

Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Ratner, Michael; Belkin, Paul; Nichol, Jim & Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report focuses on potential approaches that Europe might employ to diversify its sources of natural gas supply, and Russia's role, as well as identifying some of the issues hindering efforts to develop alternative suppliers of natural gas. The report assesses the potential suppliers of natural gas to Europe and the short- to medium-term hurdles needed to be overcome for those suppliers to be credible, long-term providers of natural gas to Europe. The report looks at North Africa and Central Asia as possible sources of future energy supply.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Automatic Spending Reduction Procedures on Health Reform Spending

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Automatic Spending Reduction Procedures on Health Reform Spending

Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defining Homeland Security: Analysis and Congressional Considerations

Defining Homeland Security: Analysis and Congressional Considerations

Date: April 3, 2012
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report discusses the evolution of national and DHS-specific homeland security strategic documents and their homeland security definitions and missions, and analyzes the policy question of how varied homeland security definitions and missions may affect the development of national homeland security strategy. This report, however, does not examine Department of Homeland Security implementation of strategy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: April 16, 2012
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: The U.S. Secret Service has two missions: criminal investigations and protection. This report looks at the history of the organization and purpose as it relates to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department