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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2012
 Month: October
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

Date: October 12, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report provides a brief history of the 8(a) Program, summarizes key requirements, and discusses legal challenges alleging that the program's presumption that members of certain racial and ethnic groups are socially disadvantaged violates the constitutional guarantee of equal protection.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report focuses primarily on the NAAQS implementation process for designating geographical nonattainment areas with respect to the tightening of the PM2.5 standards under the 2006 particulates NAAQS, including comparisons with the final designations under the 1997 PM2.5 NAAQS. Also included is a brief overview of states' subsequent obligations for developing and submitting implementation plans (SIPs) for attaining or maintaining compliance with the NAAQS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Decennial Census: Background and Issues

The 2010 Decennial Census: Background and Issues

Date: October 18, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2012-2013 Presidential Election Period: National Security Considerations and Options

2012-2013 Presidential Election Period: National Security Considerations and Options

Date: October 5, 2012
Creator: Rollins, John
Description: This report discusses historical national security-related presidential transition activities, provides a representative sampling of national security issues a new Administration may encounter, and offers considerations and options relevant to each of the five phases of the presidential election period. Each phase has distinct challenges and opportunities for the incoming Administration, the outgoing Administration, and Congress. This report is intended to provide a framework for national security considerations during the current election period and will be updated to reflect the election outcome.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affirmative Action and Diversity in Public Education: Legal Developments

Affirmative Action and Diversity in Public Education: Legal Developments

Date: October 18, 2012
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: The first part of this report briefly reviews the judicial evolution of race-based affirmative action, particularly in relation to public education. The report then reviews major rulings involving challenges to the use of race-conscious admissions and hiring practices by public educational institutions, and concludes with a discussion of the implications for the future development of affirmative action law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force F-22 Fighter Program

Air Force F-22 Fighter Program

Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: Report that discusses the procurement of Air Force F-22 Raptor fighters, which began in Fiscal Year 1999, and a total of 195 (177 production aircraft, 16 test aircraft, and 2 development aircraft) were procured through FY2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

Date: October 9, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report discusses the 112th Congress' possible changes to the implementation of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. Signed on January 4, 2011, this law seeks to improve U.S. competitiveness and innovation by authorizing, among other things, increased federal support for research in the physical sciences and engineering; and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The specific debate about FY2013 funding for America COMPETES 2010 provisions will occur within the broader context of the national conversation about U.S. competitiveness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

Date: October 16, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report tracks historical federal funding associated with the America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science (COMEPETES) Reauthorization Act of 2010, which are set to expire in 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antipoverty Effects of Unemployment Insurance

Antipoverty Effects of Unemployment Insurance

Date: October 4, 2012
Creator: Gabe, Thomas & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report examines the antipoverty effects of unemployment insurance (UI) benefits during the past recession and the economic recovery. It includes estimates of the effects on the poverty rate for the unemployed, for those receiving UI, and for families that report at least one family member receiving UI. It also estimates how much of reported UI benefits went directly to decreasing family poverty levels. This report's analysis shows that UI benefits appear to reduce the prevalence of poverty significantly among the population that receives them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antipoverty Effects of Unemployment Insurance

Antipoverty Effects of Unemployment Insurance

Date: October 16, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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