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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2012
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 3.8% Medicare Contribution Tax on Unearned Income, Including Real Estate Transactions

The 3.8% Medicare Contribution Tax on Unearned Income, Including Real Estate Transactions

Date: May 18, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

Date: October 12, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report provides a brief history of the 8(a) Program, summarizes key requirements, and discusses legal challenges alleging that the program's presumption that members of certain racial and ethnic groups are socially disadvantaged violates the constitutional guarantee of equal protection.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
501(c)(3) Organizations: What Qualifies as "Educational"?

501(c)(3) Organizations: What Qualifies as "Educational"?

Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K.
Description: Report that discusses the legal definition of the term "educational," as well as the constitutional implications of that definition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
501(c)(4)s and the Gift Tax: Legal Analysis

501(c)(4)s and the Gift Tax: Legal Analysis

Date: August 10, 2012
Creator: Luckey, John R. & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: This report discusses whether substantial donations to tax-exempt 501(c)(4) organizations are subject to the federal gift tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2001 and 2003 Bush Tax Cuts and Deficit Reduction

The 2001 and 2003 Bush Tax Cuts and Deficit Reduction

Date: July 18, 2012
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report uses the context of the current and long-term economic environment to examine the tax cuts implemented by the George W. Bush Administration, including the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2001 and 2003 Bush Tax Cuts and Deficit Reduction

The 2001 and 2003 Bush Tax Cuts and Deficit Reduction

Date: July 23, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report focuses primarily on the NAAQS implementation process for designating geographical nonattainment areas with respect to the tightening of the PM2.5 standards under the 2006 particulates NAAQS, including comparisons with the final designations under the 1997 PM2.5 NAAQS. Also included is a brief overview of states' subsequent obligations for developing and submitting implementation plans (SIPs) for attaining or maintaining compliance with the NAAQS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Census: Count Question Resolution Program

The 2010 Census: Count Question Resolution Program

Date: December 7, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Decennial Census: Background and Issues

The 2010 Decennial Census: Background and Issues

Date: October 18, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2012-2013 Presidential Election Period: National Security Considerations and Options

2012-2013 Presidential Election Period: National Security Considerations and Options

Date: October 5, 2012
Creator: Rollins, John
Description: This report discusses historical national security-related presidential transition activities, provides a representative sampling of national security issues a new Administration may encounter, and offers considerations and options relevant to each of the five phases of the presidential election period. Each phase has distinct challenges and opportunities for the incoming Administration, the outgoing Administration, and Congress. This report is intended to provide a framework for national security considerations during the current election period and will be updated to reflect the election outcome.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2012 Farm Bill: A Comparison of SenatePassed S. 3240 and the House Agriculture Committee’s H.R. 6083 with Current Law

The 2012 Farm Bill: A Comparison of SenatePassed S. 3240 and the House Agriculture Committee’s H.R. 6083 with Current Law

Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2012 Farm Bill: A Comparison of SenatePassed S. 3240 and the House Agriculture Committee’s H.R. 6083 with Current Law

The 2012 Farm Bill: A Comparison of SenatePassed S. 3240 and the House Agriculture Committee’s H.R. 6083 with Current Law

Date: July 23, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2012 Farm Bill: Changing the Treatment of LIHEAP Receipt in the Calculation of SNAP Benefits

2012 Farm Bill: Changing the Treatment of LIHEAP Receipt in the Calculation of SNAP Benefits

Date: July 10, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ability to Repay, Risk-Retention Standards, and Mortgage Credit Access

Ability to Repay, Risk-Retention Standards, and Mortgage Credit Access

Date: June 5, 2012
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report examines the developments associated with the implementation of mortgage lending reforms. The report begins with a summary of proposed ability to repay and risk-retention standards. Next, the report describes risky underwriting and financing practices that occurred prior to the mortgage crisis, followed by a discussion of how access to mortgage credit might be affected.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: June 7, 2012
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe and discuss the provisions for providing abortion services to military personnel, their dependents, and other military health care beneficiaries at military medical facilities. The report describes the history of these provisions, with particular emphasis on legislative actions. Finally, this report discusses a number of proposals to modify the law, as well as other related legislative and administrative actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ACA: A Brief Overview of the Law, Implementation, and Legal Challenges

ACA: A Brief Overview of the Law, Implementation, and Legal Challenges

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ACA: A Brief Overview of the Law, Implementation, and Legal Challenges

ACA: A Brief Overview of the Law, Implementation, and Legal Challenges

Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: September 17, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: February 21, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addressing Medicare Hospital Readmissions

Addressing Medicare Hospital Readmissions

Date: May 25, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Date: November 30, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: Report that examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the Budget Control Act and the expiring tax cuts as well as to ongoing longer term decisions about how to bring the debt under control.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administrative Appeals in the Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service

Administrative Appeals in the Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service

Date: March 28, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Date: April 6, 2012
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: A look at government agencies spending on advertising.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affirmative Action and Diversity in Public Education: Legal Developments

Affirmative Action and Diversity in Public Education: Legal Developments

Date: October 18, 2012
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: The first part of this report briefly reviews the judicial evolution of race-based affirmative action, particularly in relation to public education. The report then reviews major rulings involving challenges to the use of race-conscious admissions and hiring practices by public educational institutions, and concludes with a discussion of the implications for the future development of affirmative action law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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