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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2011
 Month: March
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Description: This report evaluates design elements of previous Clean Energy Standards (CES) proposals, summarizes the Administration’s CES policy framework, provides state-level baseline CES compliance analysis, and presents several policy options that Congress might consider as part of a CES debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and the United States—A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies

China and the United States—A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.
Description: This report looks at the laws, programs, and policies encouraging development of wind, solar, and biomass power in the China and the United States. While hydropower is the most developed source of renewable electricity in both China and the United States, additional development of conventional hydropower is not currently a major focus of energy policy in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keeping America’s Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Keeping America’s Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report covers ways in which the 112th Congress can introduce relevant legislation to safeguard pipelines that transport natural gas, oil, and other hazardous liquids across the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage; the networks are also widespread and vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Date: March 24, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses some of the most relevant factors to take into account when considering whether or not biopower is carbon neutral. It does not discuss carbon accounting for other bioenergy pathways.
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The Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Refined Product Reserves: Authorization and Drawdown Policy

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Refined Product Reserves: Authorization and Drawdown Policy

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in the Energy Policy and Consevation Act, which was authorized to help prevent a repetition of the economic dislocation caused by the 1973-1974 Arab oil embargo. The Government Accountability Office recently observed that the proportion of crude oil grades in the SPR has been growing less compatible with the heavier grades of crude oil that U.S. refineries have been upgrading to handle. This finding has raised questions about the SPR's effectiveness during a long-term oil disruption involving heavy oil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Fossil Fuel Resources: Terminology, Reporting, and Summary

U.S. Fossil Fuel Resources: Terminology, Reporting, and Summary

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Whitney, Gene; Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report describes the characteristics of fossil fuels that make it necessary to use precise terminology, summarizes the major terms and their meanings, and provides a brief summary of the United States’ endowment of fossil fuels and the relationship between the U.S. fossil fuel energy endowment and those of other nations.
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Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Cunningham, Lynn J. & Roberts, Beth A.
Description: This report describes federal programs that provide grants, loans, loan guarantees, and other direct or indirect regulatory incentives for energy efficiency, energy conservation, and renewable energy. For each program, the report provides the administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and the program expiration date. The appendixes provide summary information in a tabular format.
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The U.S. Trade Deficit, the Dollar, and the Price of Oil

The U.S. Trade Deficit, the Dollar, and the Price of Oil

Date: March 2, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report analyzes the relationship between the dollar and the price of oil and how the two might interact. This report provides an assessment of the impact a range of prices of imported oil could have on the U.S. trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: March 14, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: March 14, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the United States' merchandise trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: March 21, 2011
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report covers key budgetary issues involving the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill, which provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Reclamation, the Department of Energy (DOE), and a number of independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Middle East and North Africa Unrest: Implications for Oil and Natural Gas Markets

Middle East and North Africa Unrest: Implications for Oil and Natural Gas Markets

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Ratner, Michael & Nerurkar, Neelesh
Description: This report examines the consequences of the recent unrest in the Middle East and North Africa on oil and natural gas markets, both in the short term and the long term. It also discuses various policy considerations for Congress and includes an appendix of oil and gas exports and energy concerns by country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administering Green Programs in Congress: Issues and Options

Administering Green Programs in Congress: Issues and Options

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report discusses "green" programs and the higher profile they have gained since the 110th Congress. "Green" programs are those designed to create an environmentally friendly work environment and conserve energy. This report discusses initiatives and policy options that would improve the "greening" process on Capitol Hill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Power Plant Sites: Maps of Seismic Hazards and Population Centers

Nuclear Power Plant Sites: Maps of Seismic Hazards and Population Centers

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: This report gives a map of current commercial nuclear power plants and their relation to seismic hazards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan 2011 Disaster: CRS Experts

Japan 2011 Disaster: CRS Experts

Date: March 15, 2011
Creator: Dolven, Ben
Description: The following table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to the nuclear and humanitarian disaster unfolding in Japan. Specific policy areas are identified.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fukushima Nuclear Crisis

Fukushima Nuclear Crisis

Date: March 15, 2011
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the March 11, 2001, earthquake off the east coast of Honshu, Japan's largest island. The earthquake caused an automatic shutdown of eleven of Japan's fifty-five operating nuclear power plants. The plants closes to the earthquake's epicenter, Fukushima and Onagawa, were damaged by the earthquake and resulting tsunami. This report also discusses efforts by the United States and other countries to provide assistance to Japan to deal with the nuclear crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department