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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2009
 Month: March
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Advanced Spectroscopic Portal Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Advanced Spectroscopic Portal Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 25, 2009
Creator: Shea, Dana A.; Moteff, John D. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: This report provides an overview of the Advanced Spectroscopic Portal (ASP) program's history and outlines issues for Congress as the program moves forward. The ASP is an improved type of radiation detection device, meant to serve as part of new and existing programs to protect against terrorist nuclear or radiological attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Government Formation and Performance

Afghanistan: Government Formation and Performance

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 23, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) Set to Expire February 28, 2010

Amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) Set to Expire February 28, 2010

Date: March 16, 2009
Creator: Henning, Anna C. & Liu, Edward C.
Description: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) provides a statutory framework by which government agencies may, when gathering foreign intelligence investigation, obtain authorization to conduct electronic surveillance or physical searches, utilize pen registers and trap and trace devices, or access specified business records and other tangible things. This report discusses three sunsetting amendments of FISA which include the "Lone Wolf" provision, "roving" wiretaps, and access to business records.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The America COMPETES Act and the FY2009 Budget

The America COMPETES Act and the FY2009 Budget

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5): Title V, Medicaid Provisions

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5): Title V, Medicaid Provisions

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Binder, Cliff; Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Grady, April & Herz, Elicia J.
Description: In addition to reducing some taxes and funding infrastructure projects, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) provisions were designed to provide: temporary support to families and individuals by increasing unemployment compensation benefits; financial assistance for individuals to maintain their health coverage under provisions in the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA); temporary increases in Medicaid matching rates; and increases in disproportionate share hospital allotments. This report is a summary of ARRA's Medicaid provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act: Application to the Internet

The Americans with Disabilities Act: Application to the Internet

Date: March 19, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of Selected Legislative Proposals Addressing Guantanamo Detainees

Analysis of Selected Legislative Proposals Addressing Guantanamo Detainees

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report discusses the approaches that selected legislative proposals take regarding Guantanamo detainees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory

The Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discusses the issues involved with determining whether the Arecib Ionospheric Observatory is more cost-effective than replacing it with newer, available technology. The Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory is a radio and radar telescope located in Barrio Esperanza, Arecibo, Puerto Rico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report describes the Future Combat System (FCS) program, which was to be the Army's major research, development, and acquisition program consisting of 14 manned and unmanned systems linked by an extensive communications and information network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authority of State Legislatures to Accept Funds Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Authority of State Legislatures to Accept Funds Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: March 25, 2009
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report analyzes the language contained in § 1607 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act),1 which provides that federal funds can be made available to a state by the federal government either after certification by a governor that such money will be requested and spent or after the adoption of a concurrent resolution by a state legislature. This report evaluates the authority of state legislatures to, by concurrent resolution, provide for the acceptance of federal funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC): Transfer and Disposal of Military Property

Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC): Transfer and Disposal of Military Property

Date: March 31, 2009
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: This report provides an overview of the various authorities available under the current law and describes the planning process for the redevelopment of base realignment and closure (BRAC) properties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Date: March 16, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.; Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report analyzes the barriers that are currently being constructed and maintained along the border by the U.S. Border Patrol (USBP), including historical and future cost estimates and the policy issues involved. Because the current debate has largely focused on the deployment of fencing to the border, this report will focus on the policy issues surrounding the construction of border fencing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program: A Brief Overview

Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program: A Brief Overview

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Infrastructure Programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Broadband Infrastructure Programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Infrastructure Programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Broadband Infrastructure Programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Date: March 12, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: March 19, 2009
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the "digital divide", which is a term used to describe a perceived gap between those Americans who use or have access to telecommunications and information technologies and those who do not.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Loan and Grant Programs in the USDA’s Rural Utilities Service

Broadband Loan and Grant Programs in the USDA’s Rural Utilities Service

Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Resolution and Spending Legislation

The Budget Resolution and Spending Legislation

Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report discusses the rules and practices that govern consideration of spending and other budgetary legislation under each congressional chamber's constitutional authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act: Requiring Government Procurements to Come from Domestic Sources

The Buy American Act: Requiring Government Procurements to Come from Domestic Sources

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: March 30, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: March 4, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report begins with an overview of the fundamental choices involved between a cost (tax) and a quantity (cap) control instrument. This includes a discussion of policy tools that could be employed to bridge the gap between a carbon tax and a cap-and-trade program. Following this overview, the report analyzes the potential advantages and disadvantages of a carbon tax. In many cases, carbon tax attributes are compared with those of a cap-and-trade program. The next section discusses implementation issues for a carbon tax, including where to apply the tax, at what level to set the tax, and options for distributing the tax revenues. The final section provides conclusions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cash Balance Pension Plans and Claims of Age Discrimination

Cash Balance Pension Plans and Claims of Age Discrimination

Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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