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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2000
 Month: June
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

Date: June 26, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B.
Description: This report compares the tax and election laws relating to political organizations and political committees in an attempt to highlight the differences between them, and discusses some of the proposals in the 106th Congress to require additional reporting by organizations engaging in political activities. This report does not address the taxation of other tax-exempt organizations making political expenditures taxable under IRC § 527. The report will be updated as new proposals are reported.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Albania: Country Background Report

Albania: Country Background Report

Date: June 29, 2000
Creator: Kim, Julie
Description: This report discusses the economic and political status of Albania in the year 2000, notably focusing on certain important events throughout the 1990s, such as the Kosovo Crisis and the rise to power of the Socialist Party in 1997.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil's Economic Reform and the Global Financial Crisis

Brazil's Economic Reform and the Global Financial Crisis

Date: June 9, 2000
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: Despite backing from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), capital flight from Brazil in 1998 prompted the government to jettison its pegged currency stabilization program and float the real on January 15, 1999, becoming another casualty of the volatile international capital markets. Brazil adjusted to its financial crisis faster than expected, which is considered over. This report provides a final summary of Brazil's financial crisis and related IMF assistance in support of Congressional interest in various aspects of the 1990s global financial turmoil. It will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Accession to the World Trade Organization: Legal Issues

China's Accession to the World Trade Organization: Legal Issues

Date: June 2, 2000
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: The People's Republic of China (PRC) applied to resume membership in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1986 and continues to negotiate its accession to GATT's successor, the World Trade Organization (WTO). A country may join the WTO on terms agreed by the applicant and WTO Members if two-thirds of Members approve the country's accession agreement. A Member may "opt out" of WTO relations with another country by invoking Article XIII of the WTO Agreement, its "non-application" clause. The United States and the PRC agreed to bilateral terms for the PRC's accession in November 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Service Retirement Bills in the 106th Congress

Civil Service Retirement Bills in the 106th Congress

Date: June 28, 2000
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: Among the civil service retirement issues addressed in bills introduced thus far in the 106th Congress are the correction of retirement coverage errors for federal employees assigned to the wrong retirement system; immediate eligibility for federal employees to participate in the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP); improved portability of pension benefits; and repeal of the temporary increase in employee retirement contributions that was mandated by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Other bills would expand TSP eligibility to include members of the armed services; improve pension coverage for temporary and part-time federal employees; and designate several categories of federal employees as law enforcement officers for purposes of determining their retirement benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic Commerce: An Introduction

Electronic Commerce: An Introduction

Date: June 27, 2000
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: Electronic commercial transactions over the Internet, or “e-commerce,” have grown so fast over the last five years that many experts continue to underestimate its growth and development. Whether retail business-to-customer or business-to-business transactions, e-commerce shows no signs of slowing down. In turn, policymakers both in the United States and abroad are likely to face increasingly complex issues of security, privacy, taxation, infrastructure development and other issues in 2000 and beyond. This report will be updated periodically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R and D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Federal R and D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration and Naturalization Service Reorganization and Related Legislative Proposals

Immigration and Naturalization Service Reorganization and Related Legislative Proposals

Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Krouse, William J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Date: June 9, 2000
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Prescription Drug Proposals

Medicare: Prescription Drug Proposals

Date: June 8, 2000
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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