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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Climate Change: Potential Regulation of Stationary Greenhouse Gas Sources Under the Clean Air Act

Climate Change: Potential Regulation of Stationary Greenhouse Gas Sources Under the Clean Air Act

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Parker, Larry & McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses the EPA's authority to control greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from stationary sources under the Clean Air Act, and the various options that EPA could exercise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Market-Based Greenhouse Gas Control: Selected Proposals in the 111th Congress

Market-Based Greenhouse Gas Control: Selected Proposals in the 111th Congress

Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Parker, Larry & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses several legislative proposals that would control greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The proposals offered to date would employ market-based approaches--either a cap-and-trade or carbon tax system, or some combination thereof--to reduce GHG emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation and Climate Change

Aviation and Climate Change

Date: August 4, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background on aviation emissions and the factors affecting them; it discusses the tools available to control emissions, including existing authority under the Clean Air Act and proposed economy-wide cap-and-trade legislation; and it examines international regulatory developments that may affect U.S. commercial airlines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renee; Gorte, Ross W.; Yacobucci, Brent D. & Schnepf, Randy
Description: The report is organized into three parts. The first provides a brief overview of the role of the agriculture and forestry sectors within the broader climate change debate, describing available estimates of current GHG emissions and carbon sequestration in the farm and forestry sectors. The second describes available data and information on the potential for carbon storage (tonnage) by type of farming and forestry activity, and presents available estimates of the carbon sequestration potential in these sectors. The final part discusses some of the limitations of available estimates of GHG mitigation potential in the agriculture and forestry sectors, focusing on recent policy and market changes and other types of modeling uncertainties that could limit the accuracy of available mitigation projections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renee; Gorte, Ross W.; Yacobucci, Brent D. & Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report presents a brief overview of the available estimates from U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) carbon mitigation studies, and then discusses some of the limitations of the available data and modeling results. It includes informationa bout estimated current emissions and sequestration, estimated addtional potential sequestration, limitations of mitigation potential estimates, and considerations for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA’s Air Compliance Agreement

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: This report discusses a plan announced by EPA in January 2005, called the Air Compliance Agreement, intended to produce air quality monitoring data on animal agriculture emissions from a small number of farms, while at the same time protecting all participants (including farms where no monitoring takes place) through a “safe harbor” from liability under certain provisions of federal environmental laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Issues in the 111th Congress

Clean Air Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: January 16, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides a brief overview on the issue of climate change as well as other Clean Air Act issues of interest to the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: EU and Proposed U.S. Approaches to Carbon Leakage and WTO Implications

Climate Change: EU and Proposed U.S. Approaches to Carbon Leakage and WTO Implications

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Parker, Larry & Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses climate change and issues related to carbon leakage by examining the European Union's (EU's) cap-and-trade program with a review and analysis of various EU efforts to address the concerns of energy-intensive, trade-exposed industries. Additionally, it considers similar provisions enacted or proposed by the U.S. and analyzes potential World Trade Organization (WTO) implications in relation to U.S. trade agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Date: August 6, 2009
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report examines basic questions concerning carbon sequestration in forests. The first section provides a brief background on congressional interest in forest carbon sequestration. The second describes the basic carbon cycle in forests, with an overview of how carbon cycling and storage vary among different types of forests. The third section then addresses how forest carbon is considered in the global climate change debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report begins with an overview of the fundamental choices involved between a cost (tax) and a quantity (cap) control instrument. This includes a discussion of policy tools that could be employed to bridge the gap between a carbon tax and a cap-and-trade program. Following this overview, the report analyzes the potential advantages and disadvantages of a carbon tax. In many cases, carbon tax attributes are compared with those of a cap-and-trade program. The next section discusses implementation issues for a carbon tax, including where to apply the tax, at what level to set the tax, and options for distributing the tax revenues. The final section provides conclusions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: Current Issues and Policy Tools

Climate Change: Current Issues and Policy Tools

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report introduces the reader to fundamentals of the climate change issue. Part One summarizes current understandings and controversies concerning the science, economics, international cooperation, and other aspects of the climate change policy problem. Part Two is a brief update on the status of domestic and international policies. Part Three outlines the policy toolbox seen as being available to policymakers to address the challenge as they define the emerging legislative agenda.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Date: February 13, 2009
Creator: Parker, Larry; Stine, Deborah D. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report examines the current effort to develop technology that would capture CO2. First, the paper outlines the current status of carbon capture technology. Second, the paper examines the role of government in developing that technology, both in terms of creating a market for carbon capture technology and encouraging development of the technology. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion of implications of capture technology for climate change legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Date: April 20, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses legislation being considered by congress to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change. It discusses the EPA's authority under Title II and provides information regarding the mobile sources that might be regulated under this authority. Among these sources, motor vehicles (passenger cars and light trucks, including SUVs) are assumed to be the most likely initial targets for regulation, both because a petition addressing these sources began EPA's consideration of the endangerment issue, and because these are the most significant GHG emission sources among those covered by Title II.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Date: February 13, 2009
Creator: Parker, Larry; Stine, Deborah D. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report examines the current effort to develop technology that would capture CO2 (carbon dioxide). It outlines the current status of carbon capture technology; examines the role of government in developing that technology, both in terms of creating a market for carbon capture technology and encouraging development of the technology; and concludes with a discussion of implications of capture technology for climate change legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report provides an overview of the fundamental choices involved between a cost (tax) and a quantity (cap) control instrument, including a discussion of policy tools that could be employed to bridge the gap between a carbon tax and a cap-and-trade program. It also analyzes the potential advantages and disadvantages of a carbon tax, discusses implementation issues for a carbon tax -- including where to apply the tax, at what level to set the tax, and options for distributing the tax revenues-- and provides conclusions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Control Policies in Various Countries

An Overview of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Control Policies in Various Countries

Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Ek, Carl & Parker, Larry
Description: This report summarizes the GHG control policies in effect or under consideration in the European Union (EU) and various other large countries, and offers a brief set of initial observations. It gives particular emphasis to how particular trade sensitive sectors may be treated in the context of each national program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns

The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns

Date: May 18, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses offsets in relation to a greenhouse gas emissions cap-and-trade program. The first section of this report provides an overview of offsets by discussing different types of offset projects and describing how the offsets would likely be used in an emission reduction program. The next section discusses the supply of offsets that might be available in an emission trading program. The subsequent sections examine the potential offset benefits and the potential concerns associated with offsets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Acidification

Ocean Acidification

Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Buck, Eugene H. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses the increasing concern, within the scientific community, that rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could detrimentally alter marine ecosystems. The report discusses how ocean acidification happens, its possible outcomes, as well as natural and human responses that could possibly limit or reduce the rate of the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Acidification

Ocean Acidification

Date: April 2, 2009
Creator: Buck, Eugene H. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses the increasing concern, within the scientific community, that rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could detrimentally alter marine ecosystems. The report discusses how ocean acidification happens, its possible outcomes, as well as natural and human responses that could possibly limit or reduce the rate of the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biochar: Examination of an Emerging Concept to Mitigate Climate Change

Biochar: Examination of an Emerging Concept to Mitigate Climate Change

Date: February 3, 2009
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi S.
Description: This report briefly describes biochar, its potential advantages and disadvantages, legislative support, and research and development activities underway in the United States and abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Date: December 9, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses the debate surrounding proposed controls on greenhouse gas emissions. Not all parties are in agreement that controls on GHGs are desirable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: Comparison of the Cap-and-Trade Provisions in H.R. 2454 and S. 1733

Climate Change: Comparison of the Cap-and-Trade Provisions in H.R. 2454 and S. 1733

Date: November 5, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report provides a comparison of the cap-and-trade provisions of two bills. The first is H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009. In addition to establishing a cap-and-trade system to regulate greenhouse gas emissions, this bill addresses energy efficiency, renewable energy, and other energy topics. Later, Senator Kerry introduced S. 1733, the Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act, which was referred to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of Climate Change Adaptation Provisions in S. 1733 and H.R. 2454

Comparison of Climate Change Adaptation Provisions in S. 1733 and H.R. 2454

Date: November 12, 2009
Creator: Ho, Melissa D.
Description: This report summarizes and compares climate change adaptation-related provisions in the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R. 2454) and the Clean Energy, Jobs, and Power Act (S. 1733). Both H.R. 2454 and S. 1733 include adaptation provisions that seek to better assess the impacts of climate change and variability that are occurring now and in the future; and support adaptation activities related to climate change, both domestically and internationally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biochar: Examination of an Emerging Concept to Mitigate Climate Change

Biochar: Examination of an Emerging Concept to Mitigate Climate Change

Date: February 3, 2009
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi S.
Description: This report briefly describes biochar, its potential advantages and disadvantages, legislative support, and research and development activities underway in the United States and abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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