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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Money Laundering: An Abridged Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1956 and Related Federal Criminal Law

Money Laundering: An Abridged Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1956 and Related Federal Criminal Law

Date: July 18, 2008
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Money laundering is a federal crime, commonly understood as the process of cleansing the taint from the proceeds of crime. This report describes in detail the various aspects of money laundering in regards to federal criminal law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tort Reform Legislation: Constitutionality and Summaries of Selected Statutes

Federal Tort Reform Legislation: Constitutionality and Summaries of Selected Statutes

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Burrows, Vanessa K.
Description: This report considers the constitutionality of federal tort reform legislation, such as the products liability and medical malpractice reform proposals that have been introduced for the last several Congresses. Tort law at present is almost exclusively state law rather than federal law, although, as noted in the appendix to this report, Congress has enacted a number of tort reform statutes.
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Unanimous Consent Agreements Establishing a 60-Vote Threshold for Passage of Legislation in the Senate

Unanimous Consent Agreements Establishing a 60-Vote Threshold for Passage of Legislation in the Senate

Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: This report discusses the function and effects of adopting a 60-Vote requirement that establishes procedures for the consideration of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Dismissals of Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Dismissals of Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report summarizes the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) and jurisdiction in cases against foreign defendants and analyzes the recent court of appeals decision. This report examines the legal bases for those dismissals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statutory Interpretation: General Principles and Recent Trends

Statutory Interpretation: General Principles and Recent Trends

Date: August 31, 2008
Creator: Kim, Yule
Description: The Supreme Court has expressed an interest "that Congress be able to legislate against a background of clear interpretive rules, so that it may know the effect of the language it adopts." This report identifies and describes some of the more important rules and conventions of interpretation that the Court applies. Although this report focuses primarily on the Court's methodology in construing statutory text, the Court's approach to reliance on legislative history are also briefly described.
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The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues

Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: Members of the military and U.S. citizens who live abroad are eligible to register and vote absentee in federal elections under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986. The law was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws. This report summarizes the UOCAVA and details modifications and improvements to the UOCAVA since its inception, as well as related pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Date: May 13, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: The 2002 farm bill required retailers to provide country-of-origin labeling (COOL) for fresh produce, red meats, peanuts, and seafood by September 30, 2004. Congress twice postponed implementation for all bu seafood; COOL now must be implemented by September 30, 2008. This report describes the current status of the COOL issue, as well as the ongoing discussion of additional COOL requirements for other foods and food ingredients as part of the proposed Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act overhaul.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Date: July 25, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: The 2002 farm bill required retailers to provide country-of-origin labeling for fresh produce, red meats, peanuts, and seafood by September 30, 2004. Congress twice postponed implementation for all but seafood; country-of-origin labeling (COOL) now must be implemented by September 30, 2008. Some lawmakers have proposed new COOL requirements for other foods and food ingredients, as part of a proposed overhaul of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Domestic Food Assistance: The Farm Bill and Other Legislation in the 110th Congress

Domestic Food Assistance: The Farm Bill and Other Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report covers issues and legislative changes addressed in the farm bill, legislative changes included in the FY2008 Agriculture appropriations measure (included in the FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act; P.L. 110-161), and proposed legislation that involves programs and activities that are normally not part of the farm bill (e.g., child nutrition program proposals).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report discusses the potential immigration consequences of criminal activity. "Criminal activity" generally refers to conduct for which an alien has been found or plead guilty before a court of law, though in limited circumstances consequences may attach to the commission of a crime or admission of acts constituting the essential elements of a crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 110th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 110th Congress

Date: December 10, 2008
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses immigration-related issues that have seen legislative action or are of significant congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Safe Drinking Water Act: A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report summarizes the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its major programs and regulatory requirements. It excerpts, with several additions, the SDWA chapter of CRS Report RL30798, Environmental Laws: Summaries of Major Statues Administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which provides summaries of the principal environmental statutes administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This report includes the drinking water security provisions added to the SDWA by the Public Heath Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002.
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The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: History, Perspectives, and Issues

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: History, Perspectives, and Issues

Date: June 6, 2008
Creator: Bamberger, Robert
Description: This report offers a brief history of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. It discusses the establishment of a regional home heating oil reserve and addresses the question when the SPR should be used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Piracy and Its Impact on Insurance

Ocean Piracy and Its Impact on Insurance

Date: December 3, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines the issue of piracy off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden. The report looks into the impact of such piracy on the insurance industry and explains the available options for Congress to mitigate piracy's negative effects on the industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: Comparison of S. 2191 as Reported (now S. 3036) with Proposed Boxer Amendment

Climate Change: Comparison of S. 2191 as Reported (now S. 3036) with Proposed Boxer Amendment

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses S. 2191 (the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act of 2008), which was reintroduced as S. 3036 with a deficit reduction amendment. In particular, it provides a comparison of five key differences between the bill and the proposed Boxer Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Date: June 11, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: S. 1000, the Telework Enhancement Act of 2007, and H.R. 4106, the Telework Improvements Act of 2008, are currently pending in the 110th Congress. Under the pending legislation and Senate amendments, the heads of executive branch agencies would be required to establish policies under which employees (with some exceptions) could be eligible to participate in telework. This report presents a side-by-side comparison of the provisions of S. 1000, as reported; H.R. 4106, as passed by the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: S. 1000, the Telework Enhancement Act of 2007, and H.R. 4106, the Telework Improvements Act of 2008, are currently pending in the 110th Congress. Under the pending legislation and Senate amendments, the heads of executive branch agencies would be required to establish policies under which employees (with some exceptions) could be eligible to participate in telework. This report presents a side-by-side comparison of the provisions of S. 1000, as reported; H.R. 4106, as passed by the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs

Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs

Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report discusses congressional interest in securing the nation's pipelines. Nearly half a million miles of oil and natural gas transmission pipeline crisscross the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry hazardous materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Developments and Issues

Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Developments and Issues

Date: June 1, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1996. These amendments directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to update the standard for arsenic in drinking water.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Awards of Attorneys' Fees by Federal Courts and Federal Agencies

Awards of Attorneys' Fees by Federal Courts and Federal Agencies

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: In the United States, the general rule, which derives from common law, is that each side in a legal proceeding pays for its own attorney. There are many exceptions, however, in which federal courts, and occasionally federal agencies, may order the losing party to pay the attorneys' fees of the prevailing party. There are roughly two hundred statutory exceptions, which were generally enacted to encourage private litigation to implement public policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecosystem Restoration in the Great Lakes: The Great Lakes Regional Collaboration Strategy

Ecosystem Restoration in the Great Lakes: The Great Lakes Regional Collaboration Strategy

Date: January 30, 2008
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: This report summarizes The Great Lakes Regional Collaboration Strategy, analyzes issues related to the Strategy and its implementation, and discusses federal legislation related to restoration in the Great Lakes. The Strategy is a series of recommendations for actions and activities aimed at starting the restoration of the Great Lakes ecosystem. The Strategy encompasses eight issue areas: aquatic invasive species, fish and wildlife habitat (habitat/species), coastal health, contaminated sediments, nonpoint source pollution, toxic pollutants, indicators and information, and sustainable development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report describes provisions in the 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-234) related to Section 32 appropriations and how non-transferred money (funding not put toward child nutrition programs) may be spent. It includes an overfiew of how Section 32 funds have generally been used and the implications of the new restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Greenhouse Gas Reduction: Cap-and-Trade Bills in the 110th Congress

Greenhouse Gas Reduction: Cap-and-Trade Bills in the 110th Congress

Date: June 27, 2008
Creator: Parker, Larry; Yacobucci, Brent D. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses different amendments (i.e., S.2191, S. 3036) that would create market-based greenhouse gas reduction. This report presents a side-by-side comparison of the major provisions of those bills and includes a glossary of common terms (Appendix C).
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Horse Slaughter Prevention Bills and Issues

Horse Slaughter Prevention Bills and Issues

Date: January 2, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report discusses the bills and issues regarding horses that are slaughtered for human food. Debate revolves around the acceptability of horse slaughter, and how to care for and/or humanely dispose of horses if they no longer become human food.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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