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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2007
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Rollins, John & Wilson, Clay
Description: This report examines possible terrorists' objectives and computer vulnerabilities that might lead to an attempted cyberattack against the critical infrastructure of the U.S. homeland, and also discusses the emerging computer and other technical skills of terrorists and extremists. Policy issues include exploring ways to improve technology for cybersecurity, or whether U.S. counterterrorism efforts should be linked more closely to international efforts to prevent cybercrime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Embassy in Iraq

U.S. Embassy in Iraq

Date: October 10, 2007
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses issues with the U.S. Embassy in Iraq such as the potential rising cost, delay in opening, quality of construction, and reported assertions of trafficking-like labor practices by First Kuwaiti General Trade and Contracting Company, the primary builder of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Rollins, John & Wilson, Clay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report focuses on current U.N. reform efforts and priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including the U.S. government, the U.N. Secretary General, selected groups of member states, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also examines congressional actions related to U.N. reform, as well as future policy considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected International Depreciation Rates by Asset and Country

Selected International Depreciation Rates by Asset and Country

Date: January 30, 2007
Creator: Mast, Brent W.
Description: The depreciation provisions in the U.S. tax system are of recurring interest to Congress. More than 100 bills were introduced in the 109th Congress that addressed some aspect of depreciation. Concerns about the U.S. depreciation system tend to begin with the criticism that updates to the system have not kept pace with technological advancements of the assets for which it is utilized to account. This report provides information on the depreciation systems of selected European Union countries (France, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United Kingdom) by presenting depreciation rates for buildings; computers; expensable assets; motor vehicles; patents; plant, equipment, machinery, and tools; and software.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arab League Boycott of Israel

Arab League Boycott of Israel

Date: April 12, 2007
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Arab League's boycott of Israeli companies and Israeli-made goods since Israel's founding in 1948, as well as U.S. efforts to end the boycott and prevent U.S. firms in participating in the boycott.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma: Economic Sanctions

Burma: Economic Sanctions

Date: December 14, 2007
Creator: Niksch, Larry A. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report provides background information on existing economic sanctions against Burma and possible options to expand sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Estonia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Estonia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: July 11, 2007
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides background information on the political and economical situation in Estonia. The report discusses the U.S. - Estonia relations, and Estonia's foreign policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: March 29, 2007
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Egyptian politics and current issues in U.S.- Egyptian relations. It briefly provides a political history of modern Egypt, an overview of its political institutions, and a discussion of the prospects for democratization in Egypt. U.S.-Egyptian relations are complex and multi-faceted, and this report addresses the following current topics: the Arab-Israeli peace process, Iraq, terrorism, democratization and reform, human rights, trade, and military cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Reaction to the Palestinian Unity Government

International Reaction to the Palestinian Unity Government

Date: May 9, 2007
Creator: Morro, Paul
Description: This report discusses the new Palestinian unity government, which established in March 2007 complicates U.S. policy toward the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the peace process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: September 10, 2007
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Crime is ordinarily proscribed, tried and punished according to the laws on the place where it occurs. American criminal law applies beyond the geographical confines of the United States, however, under some limited circumstances. The federal exceptions to the general rule usually involve crimes like drug trafficking, terrorism, or crimes committed aboard a ship or airplane. State prosecution for overseas misconduct is limited almost exclusively to multijurisdictional crimes, i.e., crimes where some elements of the offense are committed within the state and others are committed abroad. The Constitution, Congress, and state law define the circumstances under which American criminal law may be used against crimes occurring, in whole or in part, outside the United States
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

Date: August 15, 2007
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report discusses the free trade agreement (FTA) that the United States and Panama signed on June 28, 2007. While Panama's government ratified the FTA in July 2007, Congress has not yet implemented ratification legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo and U.S. Policy: Background and Current Issues

Kosovo and U.S. Policy: Background and Current Issues

Date: July 3, 2007
Creator: Kim, Julie & Woehrel, Steven J.
Description: This report provides background information about the war in Kosovo and discusses issues regarding Kosovo's future status and U. S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spain: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Spain: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: March 1, 2007
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides information on Spain’s current political and economic situation, its struggle against Islamist terrorism, and its relations with the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

Date: August 21, 2007
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: A major issue facing the United Nations, the United States, and the 110th Congress is the extent to which the United Nations has the capacity to restore or keep the peace in the changing world environment. This report serves as a tracking report for action by Congress on United Nations peacekeeping.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: February 16, 2007
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report presents perspectives on African economic trends and provides an overview of U.S. trade and investment flows with sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It discusses the provisions of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and the changes that have occurred since its enactment. It concludes with a brief discussion of issues of congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: April 25, 2007
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses U.S. policy responses to the current political climate in Iran. Much of the debate over U.S. policy toward Iran has centered on the nature of the current regime; some believe that Iran, a country of almost 70 million people, is a threat to U.S. interests because hardliners in Iran’s regime dominate and set a policy direction intended to challenge U.S. influence and allies in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: March 12, 2007
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. This report focuses primarily on biological weapons (rather than chemical weapons) because biological weapons generally are considered the more potent agroterrorism threat. This report also focuses more on the threat of agroterrorism against agricultural production, rather than on food processing and distribution, although the latter is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Economic Sanctions

North Korea: Economic Sanctions

Date: January 12, 2007
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: U.S. economic sanctions are imposed against North Korea for five primary reasons: (1) North Korea is seen as posing a threat to U.S. national security; (2) North Korea is designated by the Secretary of State as a state sponsor or supporter of international terrorism; (3) North Korea is a Marxist-Leninist state, with a Communist government; (4) North Korea has been found by the State Department to have engaged in proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; and (5) North Korea has been found by the President to have detonated a nuclear explosive device. This paper explains the U.S. economic sanctions currently in place, and summarizes recent events as they relate to the potential application of additional restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: February 23, 2007
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report summarizes many issues raised in Congressional debates on the future of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction assistance. However, it first reviews the history of these programs, describing their origins in 1991, their expansion and evolution during the 1990s, and the changes in their direction during the first two years of the Bush Administration. The report also provides a broad summary of many of the program areas and projects supported by U.S. funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department