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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2007
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Date: May 22, 2007
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
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The Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act and Circular A-76

The Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act and Circular A-76

Date: April 6, 2007
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Description: This report begins with a brief history of Circular A-76, a review of the its key components, and an assessment of the implementation of the circular. The section on FAIR (Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act) describes how it emerged from a series of compromises, explains the statute's key provisions, and reviews the implementation process, including guidance issued by OMB. The final section addresses recent initiatives, notably the President's competitive sourcing initiative and the Commercial Activities Panel.
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Senate Rule XIV Procedures for Placing Measures Directly on the Senate Calendar

Senate Rule XIV Procedures for Placing Measures Directly on the Senate Calendar

Date: February 20, 2007
Creator: Koempel, Michael L.
Description: When a Senator introduces a bill or joint resolution, the measure is usually referred to committee, pursuant to provisions of Senate Rules XIV, XVII, and XXV. This report describes the Senate Rule XIV, para. 2, which requires that bills and resolutions have three readings before passage, and that they be read twice before being referred to committee.
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District of Columbia Voting Representation in Congress: An Analysis of Legislative Proposals

District of Columbia Voting Representation in Congress: An Analysis of Legislative Proposals

Date: April 23, 2007
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report provides a summary and analysis of legislative proposals that would provide voting representation in Congress to residents of the District of Columbia.
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Congress’s Contempt Power: A Sketch

Congress’s Contempt Power: A Sketch

Date: August 1, 2007
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton & Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: This report outlines the source of the contempt power, reviews major developments in the case law, and analyzes the procedures associated with each of the three different types of contempt proceedings.
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Senate Legislative Procedures: Published Sources of Information

Senate Legislative Procedures: Published Sources of Information

Date: June 8, 2007
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: The Senate publishes its rules, precedents, and other related information so that Senators and their staff have convenient access to the Senate’s legislative procedures and can gauge how those procedures are likely to apply in various situations. Information about the Senate’s legislative procedures is published in four official documents. This report discusses these documents.
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Committee of the Whole: An Introduction

Committee of the Whole: An Introduction

Date: March 20, 2007
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: The Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, more often referred to as the “Committee of the Whole,” is the House of Representatives operating as a committee on which every Member of the House serves. The House of Representatives uses this parliamentary device to take procedural advantage of a somewhat different set of rules governing proceedings in the Committee than those governing proceedings in the House. The purpose is to expedite legislative consideration. This report briefly reviews the history of the Committee of the Whole, describes the current procedure associated with it, and identifies its procedural advantages.
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Secret Sessions of the House and Senate

Secret Sessions of the House and Senate

Date: May 25, 2007
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report discusses the “Secret,” or “closed,” sessions of the House and Senate that exclude the press and the public.
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Senate Committee Hearings: Preparation

Senate Committee Hearings: Preparation

Date: February 22, 2007
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: Committee hearings allow Senators an opportunity to gather information on, and draw attention to, legislation and issues within a committee’s purview, conduct oversight of programs or agencies, and investigate allegations of wrongdoing. This report contains a checklist that identifies many of the tasks that need to be performed by a full committee and, in most cases, subcommittees in advance of a hearing. Some of the tasks are required by Senate or committee rules; others are common committee practice. Some tasks are usually the responsibility of the committee’s majority staff, some are shared by majority and minority staff, and some are performed by a Senator’s personal office staff.
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Hearings in the U.S. Senate: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Hearings in the U.S. Senate: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Date: December 3, 2007
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report discusses hearings in the U.S. Senate and is divided into four main sections. This introduction addresses the role of hearings in the committee process, types of hearings, and broad organizational issues.
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District of Columbia Representation: Effect on House Apportionment

District of Columbia Representation: Effect on House Apportionment

Date: November 14, 2007
Creator: Crocker, Royce
Description: This report shows the distribution of House seats based on the 2000 census for 435 seats and for 437 seats as specified in the proposal. The report also examines the impact of using the 2006 estimated population to allocate the 437 seats, including the single seat provided to the District.
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Senate Committee Hearings: The “Minority Witness Rule”

Senate Committee Hearings: The “Minority Witness Rule”

Date: April 24, 2007
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the "minority witness rule." When a Senate committee, other than the Appropriations Committee, holds a hearing, the minority party members of the panel have the right to call witnesses of their choosing to testify during at least one day of that hearing.
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AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: April 26, 2007
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the AIDS issue in Africa and the Bush administration's call to increase U.S. international funding for AIDS.
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Proposals to Reform “Holds” in the Senate

Proposals to Reform “Holds” in the Senate

Date: December 20, 2007
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: This report examines, over a more than three decade period, a wide range of proposals to reform holds. In general, the objective of these recommendations is not to abolish holds but to infuse more accountability, uniformity, and transparency in their use and to make it clear that holds are not a veto on the majority leader's prerogative of calling up measures or matters.
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Emergency Spending: Statutory and Congressional Rules

Emergency Spending: Statutory and Congressional Rules

Date: July 24, 2007
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report discusses the designation of spending as emergency, which has had significance in both procedural and budgetary terms.
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Pay-As-You-Go Procedures for Budget Enforcement

Pay-As-You-Go Procedures for Budget Enforcement

Date: December 31, 2007
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: “Pay-as-you-go” (PAYGO) procedures play an important role in enforcing budget policies with respect to the consideration of revenue and direct spending legislation. Generally, the purpose of PAYGO procedures is to discourage or prevent the enactment of legislation that would cause, or increase, a deficit or reduce a surplus.
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U.S.-Funded Assistance Programs in China

U.S.-Funded Assistance Programs in China

Date: May 18, 2007
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: This report discusses United States foreign operations appropriations for the People’s Republic of China (PRC), which primarily support democracy-related programs, particularly rule of law training, and support Tibetan communities. The U.S. Congress has played a leading role in providing funding for such programs, which has grown from $10 million in FY2002 to $23 million in FY2006. Major funding areas include legal training, legal aid, criminal defense, labor rights, and non-governmental organization (NGO) development in China, monitoring human rights conditions in the PRC from outside China, and preserving Tibetan culture.
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