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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Accounting Problems at Fannie Mae

Accounting Problems at Fannie Mae

Date: November 16, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Accounting Problems at Fannie Mae

Accounting Problems at Fannie Mae

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Accounting Reform After Enron: Issues in the 108th Congress

Accounting Reform After Enron: Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 15, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Across-the-Board Spending Cuts in Omnibus Appropriations Acts

Across-the-Board Spending Cuts in Omnibus Appropriations Acts

Date: August 10, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report examines the use of across-the-board spending cuts in omnibus appropriations acts for FY2000-FY2004, assessing the budgetary context leading to the spending cut, recounting the legislative action on the spending cut provision, and reviewing the provision’s design and implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adequacy of the Army’s FY2004 Funding for Operations in Iraq

Adequacy of the Army’s FY2004 Funding for Operations in Iraq

Date: May 13, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: July 28, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Administration’s FY2005 Request for $25 Billion for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan: Precedents, Options, and Congressional Action

The Administration’s FY2005 Request for $25 Billion for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan: Precedents, Options, and Congressional Action

Date: July 22, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts: History, Operations, and Current Issues

Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts: History, Operations, and Current Issues

Date: May 24, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administrative Separations for Misconduct: An Alternative or Companion to Military Courts-Martial

Administrative Separations for Misconduct: An Alternative or Companion to Military Courts-Martial

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Velez Pollack, Estela I.
Description: The recent reports of abuse of prisoners held by U.S. military personnel have raised questions about how the armed forces control servicemembers. Congress, under the authorities vested in it by the U.S. Constitution, has enacted procedures for addressing misconduct by servicemembers. One such procedure is an administrative separation under which a member’s continued suitability for service is determined. Administrative separations are non-punitive and can be initiated for a number of reasons, including misconduct or criminal offenses. They may be used in place of or after the servicemember has been subject to a court-martial or nonjudicial punishment. This report provides an overview of administrative separations as an alternative or companion to courts-martial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses three major vehicle technologies — electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles — as well as advanced component technologies. Each technology is discussed in terms of cost, fueling and maintenance infrastructure, and performance. The report also discusses key legislation in the 108th Congress, as well as federal, state, and local activity relevant to these technologies. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: December 17, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advancing Justice Through DNA Technology Act of 2003 (H.R. 3214): A Section-by-Section Analysis

The Advancing Justice Through DNA Technology Act of 2003 (H.R. 3214): A Section-by-Section Analysis

Date: July 13, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Date: April 5, 2004
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report introduces the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR) and the concerns out of which it grew, from the perspective of labor policy (not of immigration policy). American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a temporary basis, regarding them as an important manpower resource. Often employed at low wages and under adverse conditions, such alien workers, some argue, may compete unfairly with U.S. workers. To mitigate any "adverse effect" for the domestic workforce, a system of wage floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Description: Affirmative action remains a focal point of public debate as the result of legal and political developments at the federal, state, and local levels. This report discusses legislation related to affirmative action, as well as legal rulings on the topic and the federal government's role in first establishing and, later, attempting to curb affirmative action policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Date: December 15, 2004
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Description: Affirmative action remains a focal point of public debate as the result of legal and political developments at the federal, state, and local levels. This report discusses legislation related to affirmative action, as well as legal rulings on the topic and the federal government's role in first establishing and, later, attempting to curb affirmative action policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report describes the structure and development of the narcotics trade in Afghanistan and explores its relevance to Afghan, U.S., and international security interests, including the 9/11 Commission’s recommendation that the United States make a long term commitment to the stability and security of Afghanistan. The report provides current statistical information on the opium trade, profiles its various participants, explores alleged narco-terrorist linkages, and reviews the U.S. and international policy response since late 2001. The report also considers current policy debates regarding the role of the U.S. military in future counternarcotics operations in Afghanistan; planned opium poppy eradication; and funding issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 28, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 25, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: June 15, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa: Development Issues and Policy Options

Africa: Development Issues and Policy Options

Date: July 22, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The African Cotton Initiative and WTO Agriculture Negotiations

The African Cotton Initiative and WTO Agriculture Negotiations

Date: January 16, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the African cotton initiative, over which disagreement has blocked progress on an agreement on agriculture in the current round of multilateral trade negotiations known as the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). In World Trade Organization (WTO) Negotiations on agriculture, a group of African countries have proposed that all subsidies for cotton be eliminated by the end of four years. The proposal also advocates compensating African cotton producing countries for revenues estimated to be lost due to cotton subsidies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AGOA III: Amendment to the African Growth and Opportunity Act

AGOA III: Amendment to the African Growth and Opportunity Act

Date: April 5, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AGOA III: Amendment to the African Growth and Opportunity Act

AGOA III: Amendment to the African Growth and Opportunity Act

Date: August 12, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department