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 Year: 1985
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Acid Rain: Does it Contribute to Forest Decline?

Acid Rain: Does it Contribute to Forest Decline?

Date: January 24, 1985
Creator: Backiel, Adela
Description: This minibrief describes the major hypothesis explaining why acid rain may be contributing to forest decline, along with the major arguments against this hypothesis. For additional information on acid rain and current legislation for pollutant emissions controls, see IB83016 -- Acid Rain: Current Issues, and IB83005 -- Clean Air Act: An Overview.
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Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Date: July 26, 1985
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This issue brief discusses the ongoing debate centered around television and radio advertising of alcoholic beverages, especially as it relates to the possible negative influence on the drinking habits of minors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
African Famine: U.S. Response

African Famine: U.S. Response

Date: June 27, 1985
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the 1985 African famine situation, especially regarding U.S. emergency assistance at a time of U.S. domestic budgetary restraints, the adequacy of U.S. measures for monitoring and anticipating food emergencies, and the scale and nature of U.S. agricultural development programs intended to prevent future famines.
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Alleged Fraud, Waste and, and Abuse: General Dynamics Corp.

Alleged Fraud, Waste and, and Abuse: General Dynamics Corp.

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Numerous Federal agencies -- including the Justice Department and Congressional committees -- are investigating allegations of fraud at the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation, the nation's third largest defense contractor. This issue brief provides a chronological summary, based on newspaper and magazine accounts, of each of these investigations.
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Artificial Sweeteners

Artificial Sweeteners

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Taylor, Sarah E
Description: This report discusses the artificial sweeteners have been a source of controversy in the U.S. for over 73 years. One of the factors driving these issues has been an interplay of a large consumer demand for low calorie sweeteners and controversy concerning certain safety standards set forth in the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA.
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The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

Date: July 29, 1985
Creator: Henderson, John B
Description: This brief report outlines some possible macroeconomic implications of observing a statutory or constitutional commitment to balance the Federal budget. It does not address the legal questions about the proposal or their implementation, nor the economic and political questions related to decisions about the level of Federal revenues or expenditures. On the latter, its analysis refers to revenue and expenditure levels, in relation to total national product, typical of recent years.
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Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Date: July 15, 1985
Creator: Grinnell, David & Cox, William A
Description: In 1981 Congress enacted extensive changes in taxing and spending policies that supporters of these changes expected to generate sufficient revenues, despite a series of tax rate cuts, to balance the budget by FY84. After the onset of recession in early 1982, however, the Reagan Administration's projections showed widening budget deficits, which culminated in an actual FY83 deficit of $195.4 billion. Despite enactment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982, and, more recently, the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984, large deficits are expected to persist, even under continued favorable economic conditions, unless Federal taxing and spending policies are altered dramatically.
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The Case for and Against an Import Surcharge

The Case for and Against an Import Surcharge

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Reifman, Alfred
Description: The United States is now running a deficit of over $100 billion in its foreign trade and the Federal budget is in the red by roughly $200 billion. To deal with these two deficits, Congress is considering a temporary import surcharge. This brief examines the case for and against such a surcharge as well as its use against Japan.
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Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 99th Congress, First Session

Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 99th Congress, First Session

Date: April 22, 1985
Creator: Congressional Research Service
Description: This report presents the proceedings and debates of the 99th Congress, first session.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conrail Sale: Labor Aspects

Conrail Sale: Labor Aspects

Date: June 27, 1985
Creator: Ahmuty, Alice L
Description: This report presents the issues discussed by Congress in regard to Conrail’s sale. In examining the issues in Conrail's sale, Congress most likely will consider the welfare of Conrail employees as affected by the terms and conditions of the sale. Should negotiations on labor conditions with the final bidder fail, Congress might be asked to include labor conditions as part of any legislation related to the sale of Conrail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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