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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2000
 Month: November
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agricultural Trade Issues in the 106th Congress

Agricultural Trade Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: November 27, 2000
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.; Hanrahan, Charles E. & Jurenas, Remy
Description: Agricultural interests have been following trade policy developments against a backdrop of weak foreign demand and large world supplies of agricultural products. The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that the value of U.S. agricultural exports fell between FY1996 (a record year) and FY1999 by almost $11 billion. USDA forecasts agricultural exports at $50.5 billion in FY2000 and $51.5 billion in FY2001. However, the projected agricultural trade surpluses for those years, of $11.5 billion and $12 billion, would be less than half the FY1996 surplus of $27.2 billion. Many agricultural groups and their supporters in Congress believe that the sector's future prosperity depends upon such U.S. trade policies as: 1) encouraging China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), with its binding rules and responsibilities; 2) exempting agriculture from U.S. unilateral economic sanctions; 3) fully using export and food aid programs; and 4) aggressively battling foreign-imposed barriers to the movement of U.S. farm products. A few U.S. farm groups are wary of such approaches.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Date: November 6, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport and Airway Trust Fund Issues in the 106th Congress

Airport and Airway Trust Fund Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: November 2, 2000
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report briefly discusses the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR21 or FAIR21), which helps ensure that all aviation trust fund receipts (including interest) are spent for aviation purposes on an annual basis.
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American Federalism, 1776 to 2000: Significant Events

American Federalism, 1776 to 2000: Significant Events

Date: November 30, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: District of Columbia

Appropriations for FY2001: District of Columbia

Date: November 27, 2000
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on the District of Columbia Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Energy and Water Development

Appropriations for FY2001: Energy and Water Development

Date: November 20, 2000
Creator: Humphries, Marc & Behrens, Carl E
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill, which includes funding for civil projects of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (BuRec), most of the Department of Energy (DOE), and a number of independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Military Construction

Appropriations for FY2001: Military Construction

Date: November 7, 2000
Creator: Tyszkiewicz, Mary T
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Military Construction Appropriations.
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Appropriations for FY2001: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2001: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Date: November 9, 2000
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies (P.L. 106-377)

Appropriations for FY2001: VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies (P.L. 106-377)

Date: November 17, 2000
Creator: Snook, Dennis W & Bourdon, E. Richard
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Subcommittees on VA, HUD and Independent Agencies Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget FY2001: A Chronology with Internet Access

Budget FY2001: A Chronology with Internet Access

Date: November 14, 2000
Creator: Thomas, Pearl
Description: This is a select chronology of, and a finding guide for information on, congressional and presidential actions and documents related to major budget events in calendar year 2000, covering the FY2001 budget. Brief information is provided for the President’s budget, congressional budget resolutions, appropriations measures (regular, continuing, supplementals, and rescissions), budget reconciliation, House and Senate votes, line-item vetoes, publications, testimony, charts, and tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Date: November 21, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China’s Emergence as a Major Economic Power: Implications for U.S. Interests

China’s Emergence as a Major Economic Power: Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: November 20, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 106th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: November 14, 2000
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: The Clean Air Act and its 1990 amendments appear to have contributed to a marked improvement in air quality nationwide. Of nearly 100 metropolitan areas not meeting air quality standards for ozone in 1990, more than two-thirds now do so. Even greater progress has been achieved with carbon monoxide: 36 of 42 areas not in attainment in 1990 now meet the standard. Nevertheless, EPA remains concerned about air pollution. In 1997, the Agency promulgated major revisions to its air quality standards for ozone and particulates, an action that would require most states and urban areas to establish additional controls on a wide range of pollution sources. The revised standards were challenged by numerous parties and the courts have remanded the standards to EPA. Implementation is currently in limbo, pending resolution of appeals by the Supreme Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Authority to Standardize National Election Procedures

Congressional Authority to Standardize National Election Procedures

Date: November 27, 2000
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: Recent events surrounding the Presidential election have led to increased scrutiny of voting procedures in the United States. This report focuses on the constitutional authority and limitations that might be relevant to attempts by Congress to standardize these and other procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Date: November 4, 2000
Creator: Galemore, Gary L
Description: The President’s veto is effective not only in preventing the passage of legislation undesirable to the President, but also as a threat, sometimes forcing Congress to modify legislation before it is presented to the President. However, as a veto threat is carried out, Congress is faced with choices: letting the veto stand, the difficult task of overriding the veto, meeting the President’s objections and sending a new bill forward, or resubmitting the same provisions under a new bill number.
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Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Date: November 4, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyberwarfare

Cyberwarfare

Date: November 15, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: A Chronology, FY1970-2001

Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: A Chronology, FY1970-2001

Date: November 21, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Anthrax Vaccination

Department of Defense Anthrax Vaccination

Date: November 7, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species: Continuing Controversy

Endangered Species: Continuing Controversy

Date: November 21, 2000
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) has been one of the most controversial of all environmental laws. Undoubtedly, the controversy stems from the strict substantive provisions of this law compared to many other environmental laws which tend to be more procedurally oriented or to permit greater administrative discretion. As a result of the ESA’s standards, the Act often plays a role in disputes in which all sides agree that a given species is not the center of the debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Independence: Would It Free the United States From Oil Price Shocks?

Energy Independence: Would It Free the United States From Oil Price Shocks?

Date: November 17, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: Over the past 25-years, the U.S. economy has experienced four large oil price shocks (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-91, and 1999-2000). Each has been a catalyst for discussions about a proper national energy policy. Many analysts have suggested that energy independence should be an integral part of such a policy. Both major party candidates for president in the 2000 election expressed similar views. However, U.S. suppliers of energy participate in the world energy market. So long as prices are determined in that market, energy independence will not free the United States from oil price shocks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy

Energy Tax Policy

Date: November 9, 2000
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: The Clinton Administration’s FY2001 budget proposes several tax subsidies for energy conservation and alternative fuels: 1) solar energy tax credits very similar to those that expired in 1985; 2) a new tax credit for the cost of a new home that would meet certain energy efficiency standards; 3) a tax credit for advanced energy-efficient equipment for space heating and cooling and hot water heaters; 4) more accelerated depreciation deductions for distributed power technologies, including small electrical generating systems (self-generated power), and for co-generation systems; 5) a new tax credit for the purchase of hybrid vehicles – cars, minivans, sport utility vehicles, and pickups – that run alternately on a consumable fuel (such as gasoline) and a rechargeable energy storage system (such as an electric battery); 6) extension of the present $4,000 tax credit for electric vehicles, which would otherwise terminate on 2004; and 7) a liberalization of the renewable electricity credit from such wind systems and closed-loop biomass systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Civilian Employees and the FY2001 Budget

Federal Civilian Employees and the FY2001 Budget

Date: November 17, 2000
Creator: Gressle, Sharon S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Crop Insurance and the Agriculture Risk Protection Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-224)

Federal Crop Insurance and the Agriculture Risk Protection Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-224)

Date: November 13, 2000
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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