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 Month: April
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: April 17, 2014
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report discusses the Help America Vote Act (HAVA; P.L. 107-252) enacted in 2002. It provides background information about HAVA and its provisions, the Election Assistance Commission (EAC), funding for the agency and for state programs to improve elections, and a number of enduring election administration issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Elections in the United States: A Primer

Presidential Elections in the United States: A Primer

Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J; Cantor, Joseph E & Neale, Thomas H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Special Elections and Membership Changes in the 103d Congress, First Session

Special Elections and Membership Changes in the 103d Congress, First Session

Date: April 7, 1994
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on membership changes in the first session of the 103d Congress through special elections for vacancies in the House of Representatives and appointments and special elections for vacancies in the Senate .
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections and New Government

Iraq: Elections and New Government

Date: April 7, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan:  Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

Afghanistan: Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

Date: April 8, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Presidential elections in Afghanistan were held on October 9, 2004, with heavy turnout and minimal violence. Karzai was declared the winner on November 3, 2004 with about 55% of the vote. Parliamentary, provincial, and district elections were to be held in April-May 2005, but parliamentary and provincial elections are now to be held September 18, 2005; district elections are put off until 2006. See CRS Report RL30588, Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Super PACs in Federal Elections: Overview and Issues for Congress

Super PACs in Federal Elections: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2013
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam
Description: This report provides context for understanding what super PACs might mean for federal campaign finance policy and federal elections using a question-and-answer format with attention to super PAC activities in 2010 and 2012, and what those findings might mean looking ahead.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Kingdom Election

The United Kingdom Election

Date: April 29, 2015
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report is a brief primer on the United Kingdom's (UK) general election, which is set to take place May 7, 2015. The previous election, in 2010, resulted in a "hung Parliament," as no party won a majority of the 650 seats in the House of Commons.
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The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Date: April 22, 2014
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report includes updated material that emphasizes the issues most prominently before the 113th Congress. It also discusses foundational information about major elements of campaign finance policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Date: April 30, 2015
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report includes updated material that emphasizes the issues most prominently before the 113th Congress. It also discusses foundational information about major elements of campaign finance policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Reform Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 3581 (Thomas), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Campaign Finance Reform Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 3581 (Thomas), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Date: April 13, 1998
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: On March 30, 1998, the House considered four campaign reform bills under a suspension of rules, focusing on the comprehensive H.R. 3581, offered that day for the Republican leadership by Mr. Thomas; it failed passage on a 74-337 vote. (The bill was similar to H.R. 3485, also by Mr. Thomas, reported by the House Oversight Committee March 18.1) The bill generating the most publicity in the 105th Congress has been S. 25 (McCain-Feingold),2 introduced on March 19 as H.R. 3526 by Messrs. Shays and Meehan. This report summarizes and compares H.R. 3581, H.R. 3526, and current law.
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Campaign Financing

Campaign Financing

Date: April 6, 2001
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: This is one report in the series of reports that discuss the campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today’s paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance

Campaign Finance

Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, long centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. This report discusses campaign finance practices, enduring issues and today’s paramount issues. In addition it presents the Legislative Action in the 108th and 109th Congress, as well as the Congressional efforts to close perceived loopholes in Federal Election Law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Financing

Campaign Financing

Date: April 11, 2002
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: This is one report in the series of reports that discuss the campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today’s paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: April 15, 2003
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States under a complex arrangement of constitutional provisions, federal and state laws, and political party practices known as the electoral college system. Despite occasional close elections, this system has delivered uncontested results in 46 of 50 elections since adoption of the 12th Amendment, effective in 1804. Throughout this period, nevertheless, it has been the subject of persistent criticism and many reform proposals. Related measures fall into two basic categories: those that would eliminate the electoral college and substitute direct popular election of the President and Vice President, and those that would retain the existing system in some form and correct perceived defects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report is intended to provide an accessible overview of major policy issues facing Congress. Citations to other CRS products, which provide additional information, appear where relevant. The report discusses selected litigation to demonstrate how those events have changed the campaign finance landscape and affected the policy issues that may confront Congress, but it is not a constitutional or legal analysis. Finally, campaign finance data appear throughout the report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine’s Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

Ukraine’s Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: In January 2005, Viktor Yushchenko became Ukraine’s new President, after massive demonstrations helped to overturn the former regime’s electoral fraud, in what has been dubbed the “Orange Revolution,” after Yushchenko’s campaign color. The “Orange Revolution” has sparked a great deal of interest in Congress and elsewhere. This report examines the current political climate in Ukraine and policy issues for the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peru: Politics, Economy, and Elections in Brief

Peru: Politics, Economy, and Elections in Brief

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report provides an overview of Peru's political, economic, and security conditions and of U.S.-Peruvian relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Contested Presidential Nominating Conventions: Brief Background and Questions

Contested Presidential Nominating Conventions: Brief Background and Questions

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report briefly addresses selected questions about possible contested Democratic and Republican conventions that might be relevant as Members of Congress prepare for the 2016 election.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peru: 2006 Elections and Issues for Congress

Peru: 2006 Elections and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hugo Chavez's Death: Implications for Venezuela and U.S. Relations

Hugo Chavez's Death: Implications for Venezuela and U.S. Relations

Date: April 9, 2013
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the death of Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, and the implications for U.S.-Venezuelan relations. The report also briefly covers Venezuela's constitutional provisions for presidential oath and absences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money

Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money

Date: April 15, 2003
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: Prior to enactment of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA), P.L. 107-155, the term “soft money” generally referred to unregulated funds, perceived as resulting from loopholes in the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), 2 U.S.C. §§ 431 et seq. Generally, the intent of BCRA, (effective Nov. 6, 2002), which amends FECA, is to restrict the raising and spending of soft money. This Issue Brief discusses constitutional and legal issues surrounding two major types of soft money that BCRA regulates: political party soft money and soft money used for issue advocacy communications. Corporate and labor union soft money, which FECA exempts from regulation and is not addressed by BCRA, is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues for the 107th Congress

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues for the 107th Congress

Date: April 2, 2002
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elections Reform: Overview and Issues

Elections Reform: Overview and Issues

Date: April 30, 2001
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J & Fischer, Eric A
Description: This report discusses several issues as the Congress considers legislation to reform the voting process, a number of issues have emerged as part of the debate: the reliability of different types of voting technologies; voting problems and irregularities in the 2000 election; problems for militaryand overseas voters; the electoral college; and early media projections of election results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elections Reform: Overview and Issues

Elections Reform: Overview and Issues

Date: April 17, 2002
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J & Fischer, Eric A
Description: This report discusses several issues as the Congress considers legislation to reform the voting process, a number of issues have emerged as part of the debate: the reliability of different types of voting technologies; voting problems and irregularities in the 2000 election; problems for militaryand overseas voters; the electoral college; and early media projections of election results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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