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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

Date: October 12, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report provides a brief history of the 8(a) Program, summarizes key requirements, and discusses legal challenges alleging that the program's presumption that members of certain racial and ethnic groups are socially disadvantaged violates the constitutional guarantee of equal protection.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Commission Recommendations: A Civil Liberties Oversight Board

9/11 Commission Recommendations: A Civil Liberties Oversight Board

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report discusses the recommendation made by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) regarding the creation of a board within the executive branch to oversee adherence to guidelines on, and the commitment to defend, civil liberties by the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
35 Years of Water Policy: The 1973 National Water Commission and Present Challenges

35 Years of Water Policy: The 1973 National Water Commission and Present Challenges

Date: May 11, 2009
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report presents the National Water Commission's (NWC) recommendations and analyzes how issues targeted by the recommendations have evolved during the intervening years. The report focuses on key federal-level recommendations, thereby targeting what has been accomplished since 1973, what issues remain unresolved, and what additional concerns have developed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 147/H.R. 309: Process for Federal Recognition of a Native Hawaiian Governmental Entity

S. 147/H.R. 309: Process for Federal Recognition of a Native Hawaiian Governmental Entity

Date: September 27, 2005
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: S. 147/H.R. 309, companion bills introduced in the 109th Congress, represent an effort to accord to Native Hawaiians a means of forming a governmental entity that could enter into government-to-government relations with the United States. This report describes the provisions of the reported version of S. 147; outlines some federal statutes and recent cases which might be relevant to the issue of federal recognition of a Native Hawaiian entity; and recounts some legal arguments that have been presented in the debate on this legislation. It includes a brief outline of the provisions of a substitute amendment expected to be offered in lieu of the reported version of S. 147, when Senate debate, which was interrupted by the filing of a cloture motion on July 29, resumes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
501(c)(3) Hospitals and the Community Benefit Standard

501(c)(3) Hospitals and the Community Benefit Standard

Date: November 10, 2009
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report examines the standard under which hospitals qualify for tax-exempt charitable status under federal law, recent inquiries made by Congress and the IRS into whether hospitals are conducting sufficient activities to justify their exemption, and section 6007 of S. 1796.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
501(c)(3) Organizations: What Qualifies as "Educational"?

501(c)(3) Organizations: What Qualifies as "Educational"?

Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K.
Description: Report that discusses the legal definition of the term "educational," as well as the constitutional implications of that definition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
501(c)(4)s and Campaign Activity: Analysis Under Tax and Campaign Finance Laws

501(c)(4)s and Campaign Activity: Analysis Under Tax and Campaign Finance Laws

Date: May 17, 2013
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Whitaker, L. P.
Description: This report discusses 501(c)(4) social welfare organizations, including the requirements necessary to maintain 501(c)(4) status and the requirements for annual reporting to the Internal Revenue Service and Federal Election Commission.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
501(c)(4)s and the Gift Tax: Legal Analysis

501(c)(4)s and the Gift Tax: Legal Analysis

Date: August 10, 2012
Creator: Luckey, John R. & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: This report discusses whether substantial donations to tax-exempt 501(c)(4) organizations are subject to the federal gift tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 852: The Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution Act of 2005

S. 852: The Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution Act of 2005

Date: February 7, 2006
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report provides an overview of S. 852, the Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution (FAIR) Act of 2005. The bill would establish the Office of Asbestos Disease Compensation to award damages to asbestos claimants from the Asbestos Injury Claims Resolution Fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 1961 and H.R. 4024: Legislative Responses to a Chemical Storage Facility Spill

S. 1961 and H.R. 4024: Legislative Responses to a Chemical Storage Facility Spill

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report describes and analyzes the Chemical Safety and Preparedness Act and H.R. 4024, the Ensuring Access to Clean Water Act of 2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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