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 Country: Iran
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agriculture in Afghanistan and Neighboring Asian Countries
Agriculture (as measured by share of gross domestic product and employment) is a significant economic sector in seven Central and South Asian countries: Afghanistan, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. All of these countries are net food importers. Some have experienced successive years of drought, which has contributed to noticeable declines in agricultural output and the need to increase commodity imports. The United Nations’ World Food Program reports that both Afghanistan and Tajikistan are currently in need of emergency food assistance to cover sizable food deficits. The food outlook in Afghanistan is made uncertain by ongoing military conflict. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8621/
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy
This report discusses the current state of Bahrain, which has undergone substantial political reforms since the late 1990s, but which still suffers from tension between the Shiite majority and the Sunni-led government. This report focuses particularly on Bahrain's relationship with Iran and Bahrain's relationship with the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26067/
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8328/
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7988/
Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2059/
Iran: Arms and Weapons of Mass Destruction Suppliers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5678/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2967/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2968/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2969/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2966/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2975/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2972/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2971/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2970/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2974/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2976/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2973/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4800/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4797/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4798/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4799/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4802/
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4801/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1840/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5087/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8057/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9016/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) was introduced in response to Iran's stepped-up nuclear program and its support to terrorist organizations. No firms have been sanctioned under ILSA, and it has terminated with respect to Libya. Renewed in August 2001 for another five years, ILSA was scheduled to expire in August 2006. This report describes ILSA in detail, as well as related legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10282/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9911/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9948/
The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10086/
The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7747/
Iran: Profile of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad was elected June 24, 2005, to a four-year term, becoming the first non-cleric president in 24 years. He defeated former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in a run-off. Prior to his 2005 election to the presidency, Ahmadinejad did not hold an elected office and was a virtual unknown in the international arena. This report covers his background; his victory over the well-known former president Rafsanjani; his remarks about the West, including Israel; and recent visits to Iraq and Latin America. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10687/
Iran Sanctions
Iran is subject to a wide range of U.S. sanctions, restricting trade with, investment, and U.S. foreign aid to Iran, and requiring the United States to vote against international lending to Iran. A formal U.S. effort to curb international energy investment in Iran began in 1996 with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA). ISA was first passed at a time of tightening U.S. sanctions on Iran. Most notable was a 1995 ban on U.S. trade with and investment in Iran. That ban has since been modified slightly to allow for some bilateral trade in luxury and humanitarian-related goods. In the 110th Congress, two bills passed the House (H.R. 1400 and H.R. 7112) that would add several ISA provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26308/
The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)
No firms have been sanctioned under the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA), and a GAO study in December 2007 said that the effects of ISA and other U.S. sanctions on Iran's economy are "difficult to determine." However, with Iran under increasing U.N. and other diplomatic pressure, many foreign firms now seem hesitant to finalize investment deals with Iran. In the 110th Congress, several bills, including the House-passed H.R. 1400 would add ISA provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10565/
The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)
This report discusses the increasing international pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program and how that pressure discourages foreign firms from investing in Iran's energy sector, hindering Iran's efforts to expand oil production. This report discusses the history and progress of the formal U.S. effort to curb energy investment in Iran, which began with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) in 1996. This report also discusses U.S. concerns that other nations, e.g., U.S. allies, Russia, and China, are not as strict with their economic sanctions against Iran, and how U.S. policymakers are combating this reticence with various pieces of legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26309/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9730/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9778/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9779/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9349/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9780/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9816/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9919/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9393/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9351/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9350/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
According to the Administration's "National Security Strategy" document released on March 16, 2006, the United States "may face no greater challenge from a single country than Iran." To date, the Bush Administration has pursued several avenues to attempt to contain the potential threat posed by Iran, including supporting a long-term policy of changing Iran's regime. Iran's nuclear program is not the only major U.S. concern on Iran. Successive administrations have pointed to the threat posed by Iran's policy in the Near East region, particularly material support to groups that use violence to prevent or complicate Israeli-Arab peace. Iran's human rights practices and strict limits on free expression have been consistently criticized by official U.S. and U.N. reports. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10434/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
According to an Administration national security strategy document released on March 16, 2006, the United States "may face no greater challenge from a single country than Iran." The Bush Administration announced May 31, 2006, that it would negotiate with Iran in concert with U.S. allies. If diplomacy and sanctions do not succeed, some advocate military action against Iran's nuclear infrastructure rather than acquiescence to a nuclear-armed Iran. U.S. concerns regarding Iran include Iran's nuclear program, Iran's influence on Iraq by way of providing arms and other material assistance to Shiite Islamist militias, and Iran's human rights practices, which include strict limits on free expression and repression of ethnic and religious minorities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10439/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
According to the Administration's "National Security Strategy" document released on March 16, 2006, the United States "may face no greater challenge from a single country than Iran." To date, the Bush Administration has pursued several avenues to attempt to contain the potential threat posed by Iran, including supporting a long-term policy of changing Iran's regime. Iran's nuclear program is not the only major U.S. concern on Iran. Successive administrations have pointed to the threat posed by Iran's policy in the Near East region, particularly material support to groups that use violence to prevent or complicate Israeli-Arab peace. Iran's human rights practices and strict limits on free expression have been consistently criticized by official U.S. and U.N. reports. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10435/
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
According to an Administration national security strategy document released on March 16, 2006, the United States "may face no greater challenge from a single country than Iran." The Bush Administration announced May 31, 2006, that it would negotiate with Iran in concert with U.S. allies. If diplomacy and sanctions do not succeed, some advocate military action against Iran's nuclear infrastructure rather than acquiescence to a nuclear-armed Iran. U.S. concerns regarding Iran include Iran's nuclear program, Iran's influence on Iraq by way of providing arms and other material assistance to Shiite Islamist militias, and Iran's human rights practices, which include strict limits on free expression and repression of ethnic and religious minorities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10436/
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