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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals
This report provides background on the historical frequency of federal funding gaps and shutdowns. It also discusses features of Automatic Continuing Resolutions (ACRs), arguments for and against ACRs, relevant Congressional actions, and proposals in the 112th through 114th Congresses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc743499/
Automatic Cost of Living Adjustments: Some Economic and Practical Considerations
This report looks at how automatic cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) influence the budget and identifies major programs that have indexing provisions. It also explains what price indexes attempt to measure and discusses some of their weaknesses. Finally, it points out some practical things to keep in mind when establishing an indexing provision. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc503634/
Automatic Cost of Living Adjustments: Some Economic and Practical Considerations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822169/
Automatic Enrollment in 401(k) Plans
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Automatic Enrollment in Section 401(k) Plans
This report discusses enrollment practices for 401k retirement plans. Historically, most employers that have sponsored retirement savings plans under §401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) have required employees to decide whether to enroll in the plan. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has issued rulings to inform employers that current law allows them to enroll employees automatically, provided that the employee is notified in advance and is permitted to leave the plan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc824763/
Automatic Enrollment in Section 401(k) Plans
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Automatic Enrollment in Section 401(k) Plans
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812580/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: Is CAFE Up to Standards?
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2669/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: Is CAFE Up to Standards?
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2670/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: Is CAFE Up to Standards?
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2671/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: Is CAFE Up to Standards?
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1665/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: Is CAFE Up to Standards?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812331/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2674/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2673/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2672/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
On July 31, 2003, the Senate, facing obstacles to passage of its comprehensive energy bill (S. 14), substituted the energy legislation the Senate had passed in the 107th Congress. It is in conference, now as H.R. 6, in the 108th Congress. The Senate bill would require the Secretary of Transportation to issue, not later than 15 months after enactment, “newregulations setting forth increased fuel economy standards” reflecting “maximum feasible fuel economy levels” consistent with factors set out in the original legislation authorizing the corporate average fuel economy [CAFE] standards – the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA, P.L. 94-163). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4501/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4500/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4495/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4497/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4498/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4499/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4496/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
This report discusses the current corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard of 35 miles per gallon (mpg), and the major issues on the CAFE debate. The report also offers an overview of Congressional interest in CAFE (1991-2005), and explains the CAFE and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94034/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
This report discusses the current corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard of 35 miles per gallon (mpg), and the major issues on the CAFE debate. The report also offers an overview of Congressional interest in CAFE (1991-2005), and explains the CAFE and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc700538/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
This report discusses the current corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard, and the major issues on the CAFE debate. The report also offers an overview of Congressional interest in CAFE (1991-2005), and explains the CAFE and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc743646/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc820951/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812237/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc809035/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818734/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818420/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812461/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc814859/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc813029/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815394/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812864/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc817466/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816433/
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc817787/
Automobile and Truck Fuel Economy (CAFE) and Greenhouse Gas Standards
Report that looks at vehicle fuel costs, fuel consumption in the United States, and examines the estimated costs to new vehicles that may arise from the Obama Administration's new passenger vehicle fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards for vehicle model years (MY) 2017-2025. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227810/
Automobile Domestic Content Requirements
In response to the lowest drop of American produced automobile sales in two decades and other related conditions, legislation has been introduced that would impose domestic (local) content ratios for automotive vehicles. These would require that cars and trucks sold in the United States in large quantities contain a certain percentage of American parts and labor. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8793/
Automobiles Imported from Japan
In recent years, U.S. automotive imports from Japan have seen an increasing at an unusually rapid pace. Congress is considering measures that alleviate the situation and in June 1980 concurrently resolved to promote the competitiveness of U.S. industry in world automobile and truck markets. As a result of the restraint agreement, automobile imports from Japan dropped from 1.99 million units in 1980 to 1.91 million units in 1981 (calendar year). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8613/
Availability of Injunctive Relief for Standard-Essential Patent Holders
This report provides an overview of the current debate over whether a holder of a patent essential to an industry standard, who has promised to license such patented technology on fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND) terms, may nevertheless obtain an injunction from a federal court or an exclusion order from the International Trade Commission against infringing products that implement the industry standard. The report first summarizes several fundamental principles of patent law, then discusses the relationship between standard-setting organizations and FRAND licensing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822366/
Availability of Injunctive Relief for StandardEssential Patent Holders
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Availability of Injunctive Relief in Patent Cases: eBay, Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C.
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810868/
Availability of Injunctive Relief in Patent Cases: eBay, Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C.
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810146/
The Availability of Judicial Review Regarding Military Base Closures and Realignments
The 2005 round of military base realignments and closures (BRAC) is now underway. The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (Base Closure Act), as amended, establishes mandatory procedures to be followed throughout the BRAC process and identifies criteria to be used in formulating BRAC recommendations. However, judicial review is unlikely to be available to remedy alleged failures to comply with the Base Closure Act’s provisions. This report includes a synopsis of the relevant law regarding the availability of judicial review in this context. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7690/
The Availability of Judicial Review Regarding Military Base Closures and Realignments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc819791/
Availability of Legislative Measures in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")
This report discusses house rules that govern the length of time legislative measures which must be available to Members before being considered on the floor. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501888/
Availability of Legislative Measures in the House of Representatives (The Three-Day Rule)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810369/
Availability of Legislative Proposals in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")
House rules govern the length of time legislative proposals must be available to Members prior to being considered on the floor. For measures reported from committee, the committee report must have been available for three calendar days. Conference reports must also have been available for three calendar days, and special rules for considering measures for one legislative day. The House, however, also has several means by which it can choose to waive these availability requirements and call up, debate, and vote on a measure in a single calendar day, even if the text of the measure was not made available prior to consideration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7462/