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 Resource Type: Report
 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Date: December 22, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Date: December 22, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Date: September 29, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: The 109th Congress is reviewing a number of programs that aid poor and low-income families with children. These programs include the TANF and child care block grants, child support enforcement, abstinence education, transitional Medicaid (known as Transitional Medical Assistance), Head Start, and the Workforce Investment Act. Other potential policy initiatives, such as social security and tax reform, also would likely affect low-income families with children. This report focuses on programs and policy initiatives that are being raised in the context of reviewing and reauthorizing welfare programs: TANF, the Child Care and Development Block Grant, Child Support Enforcement, Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA), Abstinence Education, initiatives to promote responsible fatherhood, and initiatives to promote rearing children in married-couple families.
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Human Services Provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Human Services Provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Falk, Gene; Lynch, Karen E.; Solomon-Fears, Carmen; Perl, Libby; Richardson, Joe & Spar, Karen
Description: This report discusses provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) for selected human services programs. The selected programs generally are those that provide benefits and services to families with children, though some programs (e.g., the Community Services Block Grant) provide services to other families as well. All of the programs discussed in this report are administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
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Child Welfare Issues in the 110th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 110th Congress

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: As the U.S. Constitution has been interpreted, states have the primary obligation to ensure child welfare. However, Congress provides significant federal funds to help states exercise this responsibility ($7.9 billion appropriated in FY2008). Most of this support is provided for children who are in foster care and who meet specific federal eligibility criteria. This report discusses the federal framework for child welfare policy; reviews the scope of activities, and children and families served, by state child welfare agencies; summarizes several child welfare-related hearings that were held in 2007; describes child welfare and related legislative proposals that have been introduced in the 110th Congress; and reviews child welfare programs for which funding authorization has expired or is set to expire on the last day of FY2008.
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Child Welfare Issues in the 110th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 110th Congress

Date: June 17, 2008
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: As the U.S. Constitution has been interpreted, states have the primary obligation to ensure child welfare. However, Congress provides significant federal funds to help states exercise this responsibility ($7.9 billion appropriated in FY2008). Most of this support is provided for children who are in foster care and who meet specific federal eligibility criteria. This report discusses the federal framework for child welfare policy; reviews the scope of activities, and children and families served, by state child welfare agencies; summarizes several child welfare-related hearings that were held in 2007; describes child welfare and related legislative proposals that have been introduced in the 110th Congress; and reviews child welfare programs for which funding authorization has expired or is set to expire on the last day of FY2008.
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Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: October 20, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: This report provides background information for medicaid reforms and discuses proposals for reform.
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Medicaid: A Primer

Medicaid: A Primer

Date: December 19, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report describes the basic elements of Medicaid, focusing on federal rules governing who is eligible, what services are covered, how the program is financed and how beneficiaries share in the cost, how providers are paid, and the role of special waivers in expanding eligibility and modifying benefits.
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Child Welfare: Program Reauthorizations and Recent and FY2006 Proposed Funding Levels

Child Welfare: Program Reauthorizations and Recent and FY2006 Proposed Funding Levels

Date: November 29, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report discusses current funding levels for child welfare programs, intended to protect children from abuse and neglect and to ensure their well-being. In FY2005 the federal government appropriated $7.8 billion for these purposes. Most of this funding is made available to states through open-ended entitlement programs or as formula grants and is authorized under Title IV-E and Title IV-B of the Social Security Act or under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA).
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Trends in Poverty in the United States

Trends in Poverty in the United States

Date: September 6, 2005
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: This report discusses trends in poverty in the United States. In 2004, 37 million people were found poor under the official poverty definition — a 1.1 million increase from 2003. The poverty rate, or percent of the population considered poor, increased for the fourth straight year, to 12.7% in 2004 — up from 12.5% in 2003, and 11.3% in 2000, its most recent low.
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Medicaid Citizenship Documentation

Medicaid Citizenship Documentation

Date: April 15, 2008
Creator: Grady, April
Description: Due to recent changes in federal law, individuals who declare that they are citizens for Medicaid eligibility purposes must present documentation that proves citizenship and documents personal identity. This report discusses issues related to Medicaid citizenship documentation that have received considerable media and interest group attention, as well as proposed legislation that would affect the requirement.
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Medicaid: A Primer

Medicaid: A Primer

Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Herz, Elicia J.
Description: This report describes the basic elements of Medicaid, focusing on federal rules governing who is eligible, what services are covered, how the program is financed and how beneficiaries share in the cost, how providers are paid, and the role of special waivers in expanding eligibility and modifying benefits. The recently passed Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 or DRA, as amended by the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006, included many provisions affecting Medicaid. DRA provides states with opportunities to make fundamental changes in Medicaid program design, including covered benefits and beneficiary cost-sharing. These and other major DRA changes are summarized here. Lastly, basic program statistics and citations to in-depth CRS reports on specific topics are provided.
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Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: April 10, 2006
Creator: Hearne, Jean
Description: Medicaid is jointly financed by the federal and state governments, but each state designs and administers its own state program under broad federal guidelines. Accordingly, state variation in eligibility, covered services, and the delivery of, and reimbursement for, services is the rule rather than the exception. How is Congress to respond to the numerous proposals to move Medicaid forward into the near and long term? This report lays out some of these issues, explains the factors underlying them, and provides links to CRS products that can help Members of Congress and their staff prepare to discuss Medicaid’s role today and into the future.
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Child Welfare: The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

Child Welfare: The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

Date: October 9, 2008
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report provides an overview of the bill Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (H.R. 6893). The report discusses many of the changes included in the new law.
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Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP): Estimated Allocations

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP): Estimated Allocations

Date: June 26, 2008
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). This report contains two tables that show estimated LIHEAP allocations to the states. Table 1 shows state allocations at various levels: (1) the amount appropriated for FY2006, (2) the amount appropriated for FY2007, (3) the amount appropriated in FY2008, and (4) estimated state allocations based on the amount requested by the President for FY2009. Table 2 shows estimated state allocations at other hypothetical appropriations increments.
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TANF Reauthorization: Side-by-Side Comparison of Current Law, S. 667, and H.R. 240 (TANF Provisions)

TANF Reauthorization: Side-by-Side Comparison of Current Law, S. 667, and H.R. 240 (TANF Provisions)

Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) re-authorization, and the debate over authorization for TANF and related programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and Current Issues

U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and Current Issues

Date: December 18, 2009
Creator: Nakamura, Kennon H. & Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report provides background on U.S. public diplomacy, and discusses the United States information agency, current structure of public diplomacy within the Department of State, and the public diplomacy budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP): Program and Funding

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP): Program and Funding

Date: September 18, 2008
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report describes appropriations of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP) funds for FY2008 and FY2007. It also discusses current issues and legislation related to LIHEAP. The report also discusses LIHEAP rules, including household eligibility and how funds may be used, and presents the most recent data available from HHS regarding household characteristics and benefit levels. Finally, the last section discusses how each category of LIHEAP funds is distributed to states, as well as a breakdown of funds to the states during the last several fiscal years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poverty in the United States

Poverty in the United States

Date: October 6, 2009
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: This report provides a definition of poverty and discusses the trends in poverty, poverty among selected groups, and the geography of poverty.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: Child welfare services are intended to protect children who have been abused or neglected or are at risk of maltreatment. These services take various forms, ranging from counseling and other supports for parents — which are intended to improve child well-being and prevent child abuse and neglect — to removal of the children from their homes. At the most extreme, these services include termination of parental rights and placement of the children for adoption. This report describes child welfare legislative issues in the 108th Congress.
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Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Grady, April
Description: This report examines the formula that determines the federal government's share of Medicaid costs for most services, which is established in statute; states must contribute the remaining portion of costs in order to qualify for federal funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Date: April 18, 2001
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report provides background on the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), originally established in 1981 by Title XXVI of P.L. 97-35 and reauthorized several times. It is a block grant program under which the federal government gives states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and commonwealths, and Indian tribal organizations (referred to as grantees) annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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