Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California

frameworks and academic standards. It provides standards for library media specialists, district
and county school library media supervisors, and guidelines for paraprofessionals. Unlike
Information Power.: Building Partnerships for Learning (AASL & AECT, 1998), it includes both
qualitative and quantitative standards for these groups as well as for facilities, resources and
technology, offering numerous indicators for each standard and overall indicators of school
library programs that are exemplary, making progress, or at risk.
Unfortunately, at the same time that Standards and Guidelines for Strong School
Libraries (CSLA, 2004) was being developed, the state faced budget shortfalls and consequently
reduced appropriations from the California Public School Library Act to negligible levels. A
typical district saw its appropriation fall from over twenty-eight dollars to just seventy-one cents
per student (Mayer, 2006), and in 2005 state legislators folded funding for school libraries into
an instructional materials block grant, which remains the primary source of funding for over half
of California schools ("Statistics about California School Libraries," 2007). As part of a block
grant, school library materials must compete with funding for textbooks, the need for which
typically exceeds available allocations from the state (Jeffus, 2002). As is the case at the national
level, block grant funding represents a retreat from the state's commitment to improving school
libraries.
Nevertheless, Standards and Guidelines for Strong School Libraries (CSLA, 2004)
remains an influential document for library media specialists in California, providing specific
targets for staffing and provisioning school libraries and reiterating the fundamental principles of
Information Power. Building Partnerships for Learning (AASL & AECT, 1998), both in the
standards for student learning and in the library media specialist's attention to the elements of the
school library program that may help students advance in those standards.

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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/. Accessed April 19, 2014.