Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California

Budget...................................................................................................... 67
Relationship between Library Expenditures and Student
Achievem ent................................................................................ 69
Leadership.................................................................................... 71
Total Library Program and Student Achievement........................ 74
Recent History of California School Libraries ............................. 79
Previous California Study ............................................................ 84
Theoretical Foundation ................................................................ 88
Conclusion ................................................................................... 94
3. M ETHOD OLOGY .............................................................................................. 95
Research Questions.................................................................................. 95
Null Hypotheses....................................................................................... 96
Sources of Data ........................................................................................ 96
Data Collection and Human Subjects Considerations ............................ 102
Data Analysis......................................................................................... 103
A ssum ptions and Lim itations ................................................................ 106
4. RESULTS .......................................................................................................... 107
Purpose................................................................................................... 107
Populations............................................................................................. 108
Grade 4....................................................................................... 108
Grade 8....................................................................................... 109
Grade 11..................................................................................... 111
H01O: Student Achievement and Certificated Staffing ............................. 113
Grade 4....................................................................................... 113
Grade 8 .......................................................................................114
Grade 11..................................................................................... 115
Summary and Discussion for Research Question 1.................... 117
H02: Student Achievement and Combined Staffing Levels........ 11.......... 8
Grade 4....................................... 118
Grade 8 ......................................................................................1 19
Grade 11...................................... 120
Summary and Discussion for Research Question 2.................... 122

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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/. Accessed September 30, 2014.