Whales and Sonar: Environmental Exemptions for the Navy's Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training

Description:

This report discusses laws related to the protection of marine mammals when using mid-frequency active sonar including the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), and the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). The report discusses each of the laws generally, and then reviews the litigation surrounding the Navy's compliance with these laws in the context of using the sonar for training purposes off California's coast.

Creator(s): Alexander, Kristina
Location(s): United States
Creation Date: February 18, 2009
Partner(s):
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection(s):
Congressional Research Service Reports
Usage:
Total Uses: 57
Past 30 days: 2
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Creator (Author):
Alexander, Kristina

Legislative Attorney

Publisher Info:
Place of Publication: Washington D.C.
Date(s):
  • Creation: February 18, 2009
Coverage:
Place
United States
Description:

This report discusses laws related to the protection of marine mammals when using mid-frequency active sonar including the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), and the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). The report discusses each of the laws generally, and then reviews the litigation surrounding the Navy's compliance with these laws in the context of using the sonar for training purposes off California's coast.

Physical Description:

18 pages.

Language(s):
Subject(s):
Keyword(s): whales
Partner:
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection:
Congressional Research Service Reports
Identifier:
Resource Type: Report
Format: Text