development of programs designed to combat malnutrition. In Guatemala,
the result of this has been numerous studies on growth, genetics and
nutrition and their interactions. (For examples, see INCAP 1969, 1971a,
1971b and 1978; Malina et al. 1974; Habicht et al. 1974; Russell 1976;
Teller et al. 1977; and, Martorell et al. 1979.)
Finally, there are several other aspects of Cuarmala which make
it especially interesting as a site of investigation. Guatemala pro-
vides a classic example of a "pluralistic" society, being made up of
two ethnic groups, Indians and Ladinos (Colby and van den Berghe 1969).
Socioeconomically,there are distinct strata or classes,ranging from the
very wealthy to the poorest of the poor. Also, in Guatemala, there are
significant differences regionally which are exhibited in different
economic, sociocultural, religious and political systems.
The Organization of the Remaining Chapters
Chapter II briefly examines the nature of nutrition and nutritional
status and their relationship to human growth. It discusses the basic
measures of nutritional status being used in this study to construct
a framework for measuring the impact of food aid and food aid programs.
The literature reviewed in this section outlines some of the variables
affecting and/or determining the nutritional and health status of the
people of the underdeveloped world.
The other major point of interest, food aid, is reviewed in
Chapter III. An inquiry into the nature of food aid is conducted,
emphasizing in particular the various criticisms leveled at it, using
Public Law 480 as a case in point. This chapter goes much further than
simply outlining these criticisms which involve the nutritional aspects
Rodeheaver, Daniel G.. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/. Accessed May 21, 2013.