Occipitoparietal contributions to recognition memory: stimulus encoding prompted by verbal instructions and operant contingencies

Description:

This article discusses occipitoparietal contributions to recognition memory and stimulus encoding prompted by verbal instructions and operant contingencies.

Creator(s):
Creation Date: August 21, 2007
Partner(s):
UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Collection(s):
UNT Scholarly Works
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Total Uses: 59
Past 30 days: 3
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Creator (Author):
Schlund, Michael W.

University of North Texas; Kennedy Krieger Institute, John Hopkins University

Creator (Author):
Cataldo, Michael F.

Kennedy Krieger Institute, John Hopkins University

Publisher Info:
Publisher Name: BioMed Central Ltd.
Place of Publication: [London, United Kingdom]
Date(s):
  • Creation: August 21, 2007
Description:

This article discusses occipitoparietal contributions to recognition memory and stimulus encoding prompted by verbal instructions and operant contingencies.

Degree:
Department: Behavior Analysis
Note:

Abstract: Background: Many human neuroimaging investigations on recognition memory employ verbal instructions to direct subject's attention to a stimulus attribute. But do the same or a similar neurophysiological process occur during nonverbal experiences, such as those involving contingency-shaped responses? Establishing the spatially distributed neural network underlying recognition memory for instructed stimuli and operant, contingency-shaped (i.e., discriminative) stimuli would extend the generality of contemporary domain-general views of recognition memory and clarify the involvement of declarative memory processes in human operant behavior. Methods: Fifteen healthy adults received equivalent amounts of exposure to three different stimulus sets prior to neuroimaging. Encoding of one stimulus set was prompted using instructions that emphasizing memorizing stimuli (Instructed). In contrast, encoding of two additional stimulus sets was prompted using a GO/NO-GO operant task, in which contingencies shaped appropriate GO and NO-GO responding. During BOLD functional MRI, subjects completed two recognition tasks. One required passive viewing of stimuli. The second task required recognizing whether a presented stimulus was a GO/NO-GO stimulus, an Instructed stimulus, or novel (NEW) stimulus. Retrieval success related to recognition memory was isolated by contrasting activation from each stimulus set to a novel stimulus (i.e., an OLD > NEW contrast). To explore differences potentially related to source memory, separate contrasts were performed between stimulus sets. Results: No regions reached supralevel thresholds during the passive viewing task. However, a relatively similar set of regions was activated during active recognition regardless of the methods and included dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, right inferior and posterior parietal regions and the occipitoparietal region, precuneus, lingual, fusiform gyri and cerebellum. Results also showed the magnitude of the functional response in the occipitoparietal region was inversely correlated with reaction times (RTs), such that the largest functional response and slowest RTs occurred to Instructed stimuli and the smallest functional response and fastest RTs occurred to GO stimuli, with effects to NO-GO stimuli intermediate. The inverse relation was also present bilaterally in the parahippocampus and hippocampus. Comparisons between stimulus sets also revealed regional differences potentially related to source memory.

Physical Description:

11 p.

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Subject(s):
Keyword(s): recognition memories | stimulus encoding | stimulus sets
Source: Behavioral and Brain Functions, 2007, London: BioMed Central
Partner:
UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Collection:
UNT Scholarly Works
Identifier:
  • DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-3-44
  • ARK: ark:/67531/metadc77115
Resource Type: Article
Format: Text
Rights:
Access: Public
Citation:
Publication Title: Behavioral and Brain Functions
Volume: 3
Issue: 44
Pages: 11
Peer Reviewed: Yes