48 EXPERIMENT STATION RECORD [Vol. 92
The characteristics of certain varieties of potato with special reference to their
suitability for drying, W. G. BURTON (Ann. Appl. Biol., 31 (1944), No. 2, pp.
89-96).-Yields per acre, cooking quality, dry matter content, and merits for drying
are described for a number of potato varieties of different maturity groups and
grown extensively in Great Britain. For drying, partly cooked strips, Catriona,
King Edward VII, or Up-to-Date may. be most suitable. In Scotland and Northern
Ireland, heavy-yielding and high-quality late main-crop varieties are most popular,
and would seem eminently suitable for any process involving drying cooked mashed
potato or potato suspensions. If rather large pieces are to be dried and the
reconstituted product is to contain separate firm pieces, such early sorts as Arran
Pilot, Eclipse, Ninetyfold, and Epicure seem desirable.
Proceedings of the seventeenth annual meeting [of the] Asociaci6n de
Tecnicos Azucareros de Cuba (Habana: Asoc. Tec. Azucareros Cuba, 1943, pp.
135, illus. 64).-Technical articles include Method and Formula for Estimating
Cyclone Damage to Sugar Cane, by F. Poey (pp. 9-11); Effects of Drought on the
Cane Yield, by C. E. Beauchamp (pp. 13-28); The Situation as Regards Cane Varieties
in Cuba in 1943, by F. Agete (pp. 29-31); Cane and Sugar Estimates From a
Technical Point of View, by R. Pedrosa and S. Gonzalez (pp. 33-40); A New
Boiling House Efficiency Formula, by E. M. Copp (pp. 41-43); Sucrose Losses by
Inversion, by F. A. L6pez Ferrer (pp. 45-47); Dehydration of Molasses at
Central Hormiguero, by J. C. Gonzalez Maiz (pp. 49-57); Toward the Manufacture
of Integral Sugar, by M. A. Mascaro (pp. 59-64); Whole Sugar as a Food,
by J. J. Lima (pp. 65-67); The Simultaneous Manufacture of Raw Sugar and
Alcohol, by A. Cair6 Amador (pp. 69-72) ; Influence of the Settings on the Work of
the Mills, by J. C. Gonzalez Maiz (pp. 73-90); Cane Knives Increase Milling Efficiency,
by P. V. Tippet (pp. 91-94); A Study of Cane Fiber From Different
Varieties and Seasons, Its Composition and Behavior, by R. Pedrosa Puertas (pp.
95-110); Heating in Electric Motors, by 0. A. Rodrigues (pp. 111-115); Common
Causes of Tube Failures, by H. G. Gregory (pp. 117-125); and Solution to the
Problem of Cleaning the Outside Surface to Boiler Tubes, by J. Palazuelos Maruri
Sampling juice from experimental lots of sugar cane, G. ARCENEAUX and
L. G. DAVIDSON. (U. S. D. A.). (Sugar [New York], 39 (1944), No. 8, pp. 3235,
37, illus. 1).-The component of the over-all error of sugar yield determination,
attributable to variation of samples from the same lot of sugarcane juice, was found
small in comparison with errors due to variability of replicated samples of cane.
However, differences within individual lots of juice, due presumably to incomplete
mixture of juice from different stalks or from top and butt portions of the stalks,
were found important enough to merit attention. In tests at the Houma, La., Field
Station the fractionating device described proved highly effective in reducing differences
in analyses between replicated samples of juice.
Sunflowers as a crop, K. J. KUCINSKI and W. S. EISENMENGER (Massachusetts
Sta. Bul. 415 (1944), pp. 8, illus. 5).-Cultural methods, based extensively on tests
during 5 and 6 yr., are outlined and comments made on diseases and pests and uses
of sunflowers. The crop may be grown in Massachusetts on any soil, preferably a
light loam, which will produce corn and has similar cultivation requirements.
Practices found productive include use of 400-500 lb. per acre of corn fertilizer as
5-10-5, 5-8-7, or 3-12-6 in hills, or twice as much broadcast; planting 5-7 Ib. of
seed per acre-one seed 1 in. deep, 18 in. apart in 3 ft. rows-about corn planting
time, a good variety as Mammoth Russian, cutting off the heads September 16-30,
and drying on boards or dry ground about 2 weeks. Seed yields should average I
ton per acre in Massachusetts, although as much as 2 tons per acre has been ob
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Administration. Office of Experiment Stations. Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945. Washington. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5064/. Accessed December 13, 2013.