Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students

system and Windows 1998 operating system (Microsoft Corporation, www.microsoft.com),
although it may be better to launch it through MS-DOS (Microsoft Corporation,
www.microsoft.com).
Spanish Partner includes 30 main volumes (Appendix B) with topics meant to help
students review grammar and vocabulary. Although most volume titles are self-explanatory, the
material contained within the Un poco de todo (A little of everything) volume is quite varied:
there are vocabulary and structures ranging from the simple (such as telling the time, date, and
weather; numbers; and negative and indefinite words) to issues that are quite different in Spanish
or with no equivalents in English. Within the Vocabulary volume (detailed in Appendix B) there
are a variety of lesson topics that would be of personal interest to the student or useful to basic,
daily communication.
The student selects a volume and is then presented several exercises from which to
choose. In most cases the exercises in each section increase in complexity with the first activities
including a brief reminder of the pertinent grammar rules. Although Spanish Partner is definitely
grammar-based, the program presents most of the activities in contextualized paragraphs or
situations; for example, telling students to imagine themselves twenty years from now when they
may have a nostalgic dialogue with their children about what life was like when they were a
college student. The students are then told to change the verbs in the following sentences from
the present to the imperfect tense.
Once a student chooses an activity, the items that follow may be fill-in-the-blank,
multiple-choice or matching. The verb review section is a traditional drill-and-practice format in
which the learner fills in a table with the verb forms in multiple tenses. In some sections, the
learner must attend to the cultural clues in order to arrive at the correct response. In other

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Oxford, Raquel Malia Nitta. Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4688/. Accessed July 10, 2014.