Synthesis and characterization of diphosphine ligand substituted osmium and ruthenium clusters.

Description:

The kinetics for the bridge-to-chelate isomerization of the dppe ligand in H4Ru4(CO)10(dppe) have been investigated by UV-vis and NMR spectroscopies over the temperature range of 308-328 K. The isomerization of the ligand-bridged cluster 1,2-H4Ru4(CO)10(dppe) was found to be reversible by 31P NMR spectroscopy, affording a Keq = 15.7 at 323 K in favor of the chelating dppe isomer. The forward (k1) and reverse (k-1) first-order rate constants for the reaction have been measured in different solvents and in the presence of ligand trapping agents (CO and PPh3). On the basis of the activation parameters and reaction rates that are unaffected by added CO and PPh3, a sequence involving the nondissociative migration of a phosphine moiety and two CO groups between basal ruthenium centers is proposed and discussed.

The substitution of the MeCN ligands in the activated cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)10(MeCN)2 by the diphosphine ligands dppbz proceeds rapidly at room temperature to furnish a mixture of bridging and chelating Os3(CO)10(dppbz) isomers and the ortho-metalated product HOs3(CO)9[μ-(PPh2)C=C{PPh(C6H4)}C4H4]. Thermolysis of the bridging isomer 1,2-Os3(CO)10(dppbz) under mild conditions gives the chelating isomer 1,1-Os3(CO)10(dppbz), molecular structure of both the isomers have been determined by X-ray crystallography. The kinetics for the ligand isomerization has been investigated by UV-vis and 1H NMR spectroscopy in toluene solution over the temperature range of 318-343 K. On the basis of kinetic data conducted in the presence of added CO and the Eyring activation parameters, a non-dissociative phosphine migration across one of the Os-Os bonds is proposed. Ortho metalation of one of the phenyl groups associated with the dppbz ligand is triggered by near-UV photolysis of the chelating cluster 1,1-Os3(CO)10(dppbz). The triosmium cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)10(MeCN)2 reacts with the diphosphine ligand 3,4­bis(diphenylphosphino)-5-methoxy-2(5)H-furanone (bmf) at 25 ºC to give the bmf-bridged cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)10(bmf). Heating 1,2-Os3(CO)10(bmf) leads to an equilibrium with the chelating isomer 1,1-Os3(CO)10(bmf). The molecular structure of each isomer has been crystallographically determined, and the kinetics for the isomerization has been investigated by UV-vis and 1H NMR spectroscopy. The reversible nature of the diphosphine isomerization has been confirmed by NMR measurements, and the forward (k1) and reverse (k-1) first-order rate constants for the bridge-to-chelate isomerization have been determined. Thermolysis of the SEQ CHAPTER h r 11,1-Os3(CO)10(bmf) cluster (>110 ºC) leads to regiospecific activation of C-H and P-C bonds, producing the hydrido clusters HOs3(CO)9[µ-PPh2C=C{PPh(C6H4)} CH(OMe)OC(O)] and the benzyne clusters HOs3(CO)8(μ3-C6H4)[µ-PPhC=C(PPh2)CH(OMe)OC(O)]. The hydride and benzyne clusters, which exist as a pair of diastereomers, have been fully characterized in solution by IR and NMR spectroscopy, and the molecular structure of one benzyne cluster (major diastereomer) has been determined by X-ray crystallography.

Creator(s): Kandala, Srikanth
Creation Date: August 2007
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UNT Libraries
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UNT Theses and Dissertations
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Publisher Name: University of North Texas
Place of Publication: Denton, Texas
Date(s):
  • Creation: August 2007
  • Digitized: October 2, 2007
Description:

The kinetics for the bridge-to-chelate isomerization of the dppe ligand in H4Ru4(CO)10(dppe) have been investigated by UV-vis and NMR spectroscopies over the temperature range of 308-328 K. The isomerization of the ligand-bridged cluster 1,2-H4Ru4(CO)10(dppe) was found to be reversible by 31P NMR spectroscopy, affording a Keq = 15.7 at 323 K in favor of the chelating dppe isomer. The forward (k1) and reverse (k-1) first-order rate constants for the reaction have been measured in different solvents and in the presence of ligand trapping agents (CO and PPh3). On the basis of the activation parameters and reaction rates that are unaffected by added CO and PPh3, a sequence involving the nondissociative migration of a phosphine moiety and two CO groups between basal ruthenium centers is proposed and discussed.

The substitution of the MeCN ligands in the activated cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)10(MeCN)2 by the diphosphine ligands dppbz proceeds rapidly at room temperature to furnish a mixture of bridging and chelating Os3(CO)10(dppbz) isomers and the ortho-metalated product HOs3(CO)9[μ-(PPh2)C=C{PPh(C6H4)}C4H4]. Thermolysis of the bridging isomer 1,2-Os3(CO)10(dppbz) under mild conditions gives the chelating isomer 1,1-Os3(CO)10(dppbz), molecular structure of both the isomers have been determined by X-ray crystallography. The kinetics for the ligand isomerization has been investigated by UV-vis and 1H NMR spectroscopy in toluene solution over the temperature range of 318-343 K. On the basis of kinetic data conducted in the presence of added CO and the Eyring activation parameters, a non-dissociative phosphine migration across one of the Os-Os bonds is proposed. Ortho metalation of one of the phenyl groups associated with the dppbz ligand is triggered by near-UV photolysis of the chelating cluster 1,1-Os3(CO)10(dppbz). The triosmium cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)10(MeCN)2 reacts with the diphosphine ligand 3,4­bis(diphenylphosphino)-5-methoxy-2(5)H-furanone (bmf) at 25 ºC to give the bmf-bridged cluster 1,2-Os3(CO)10(bmf). Heating 1,2-Os3(CO)10(bmf) leads to an equilibrium with the chelating isomer 1,1-Os3(CO)10(bmf). The molecular structure of each isomer has been crystallographically determined, and the kinetics for the isomerization has been investigated by UV-vis and 1H NMR spectroscopy. The reversible nature of the diphosphine isomerization has been confirmed by NMR measurements, and the forward (k1) and reverse (k-1) first-order rate constants for the bridge-to-chelate isomerization have been determined. Thermolysis of the SEQ CHAPTER h r 11,1-Os3(CO)10(bmf) cluster (>110 ºC) leads to regiospecific activation of C-H and P-C bonds, producing the hydrido clusters HOs3(CO)9[µ-PPh2C=C{PPh(C6H4)} CH(OMe)OC(O)] and the benzyne clusters HOs3(CO)8(μ3-C6H4)[µ-PPhC=C(PPh2)CH(OMe)OC(O)]. The hydride and benzyne clusters, which exist as a pair of diastereomers, have been fully characterized in solution by IR and NMR spectroscopy, and the molecular structure of one benzyne cluster (major diastereomer) has been determined by X-ray crystallography.

Degree:
Level: Doctoral
Discipline: Organic Chemistry
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Keyword(s): Ligand | osmium | ruthenium
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UNT Libraries
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UNT Theses and Dissertations
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  • OCLC: 191907523 |
  • ARK: ark:/67531/metadc3955
Resource Type: Thesis or Dissertation
Format: Text
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Access: Public
License: Copyright
Holder: Kandala, Srikanth
Statement: Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved.