Implications of Electronic Mail and Message Systems for the U.S. Postal Service

Ch. 3-Market Penetration Model and Technology Assumptions .25

Table 3.-Major Mainstream Segments Vulnerable to Penetration by
Electronic Funds Transfer

Mainstream segment

1977 volume
Mail (billions of
class pieces)

Nonhousehold to household
bills.....................1
Non household to household
financial statements...... . 1
Non household to
nonhousehold bills and
financial statements........ 1
Household to
nonhousehold negotiable
instrum ents .. . .. . .. . .. . . 1
Totals.......

Percentage
of first-
class mail

Percentage of
total mail

8.9 15.4%

SOURCE University of Michigan Mainstream Study conducted for USPS Percentages based on
933 billion pieces and 1977 first class mail volume of 577 billion pieces First class
penalty and franked mail

total 1977 mail volume of
mail defined to include

Table 4.-Major Mainstream Segments Vulnerable to Penetration by
Electronic Mail and Message Systems

Mainstream segment

Mail 1977 volume
class (billions of pieces)

Percentage of mail class
First Third Total

Household to household
correspondence ................1
Household to nonhousehold
correspondence ................1
Non household to household third-
class (mostly bulk rate) mail ...... 3
Nonhousehold to household 1
advertising .....................3
Nonhousehold to nonhousehold 1
advertising .....................3
Non household to nonhousehold
correspondence ................ 1
Totals .........................

6.6 11.4%

7.1%
- 1.5

- 38.80/o 10.2
1.9 - 1.2
- 29.4 7.7
4.0 - 2.5
- 12.3 3.2
9.0 - 5.6
28.70/o 80.50/o 39.00/0

SOURCE University of Michigan Mainstream Study conducted for USPS Percentages based on total 1977 mail volume of
93,3 billion pieces and 1977 first-class mail volume of 577 billion pieces, and 1977 third-class mail volume of
245 billiM pieces First class mail defined to include penalty and franked mail

volume and about four fifths of third class
mail. Actually, only the merchandise and mis
cellaneous segments and nonhousehold to non
household legal/financial instruments were
assumed to have no vulnerability. Legal/finan
cial instruments were assumed to have no
potential for electronic handling due to the fre
quent requirement for verified and original sig

natures, endorsements, and documentation for
many such instruments. Even here, the possi
bilities for electronic certified mail and elec
tronic contract signing are being researched
"Cryptographers Gather to Discuss Research," Science, vol.
214, Nov. 6, 1981, p. 647.

United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment. Implications of Electronic Mail and Message Systems for the U.S. Postal Service. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc39480/. Accessed September 2, 2014.