small arms and automatic weapons fire from well constructed bunkers on the objective."
A more detailed description of this action broken down by companies is as follows.10
Item Company was to lead the attack against Regimental Objectives B and C (See
Map # 18 for locations). How Company was to move out to the Battalion Observation
Post (OP), prepared to support Item's attack. George Company was to send one
reinforced platoon to Objective A "to protect the battalion's left flank and keep the two
converging streams under observation." Small tributaries of the Soyang-gang, each
about 2,000 meters long and not visible on the maps included in this study, ran west to
east just to the north and just to the south of Tonpyong.11
How Company reached the OP at 0824 and Item Company was slogging through
slippery mud towards Objective B and making difficult progress because of it. (George
Company's platoon would not reach its post until 1115). One platoon reached Objective
B at 0850, but had to halt and wait while the rest of the company caught up. So far, the
only enemy in sight were on Objective C. By 1000, Item was just to the north of
Objective B and less than 200 yards from the eastern edge of Objective C. Item's CO
(Commanding Officer), 1st Lt Richard L. Shell, called in artillery preparations on
Objective C that peppered the target at 1025 with a twenty minute barrage.12
As the last round was on its way, Item surged forward against Objective C.
Simultaneously, How Company began to move up behind Item to occupy Objective B,
and 1/7 stepped up its supporting fires to harass the enemy on high ground to 3/7's
right. Within ten minutes Item began to receive heavy AW (automatic weapons) fire from
10 1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," August 1951, 8; Seventh Marines "Historical Diary," August 1951, 6; Lynn
Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 178.
Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, "Historical Diary," August 1951, 8.
Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed January 30, 2015.