operation. It is also capable of operating from aircraft carriers in support of an
However, unlike Marine divisions, Marine wings and groups "are not organized
according to tables of organization, but are task-organized to accomplish the missions
assigned.... Squadrons and battalions within a wing do, however, have tables of
A typical wing in the era of the Korean War was composed as follows: three
fighter/attack MAGs that each contained two fighting squadrons, one night fighter
squadron, one attack squadron, one air base squadron, and one HQ and maintenance
squadron. Another MAG was organized for transport. In addition, the wing contained a
Marine Wing service group; another HQ squadron with a composite squadron, a
photographic squadron, and an observation squadron underneath it; a Marine air control
group; and a MAG (helicopter) with a HQ and maintenance squadron, an air base
squadron, and three helicopter transport squadrons underneath it. Again, the principal
task of the Marine air wing was to provide air support to the infantry of a Marine
From the preceding, the reader should have a basic understanding of the
organization of the Marine Corps fighting arms and especially a Marine Division. This
understanding is essential to be able to follow the narrative of the Punchbowl Offensive.
32 Ibid., 101.
33 Thomas, Heinl, and Ageton, Marine Officer's Guide, 89.
Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed August 22, 2014.