that almost no one surrendered, as among the Japanese. Prisoners were both taken
through the campaign in action, and from voluntary surrender.
About 0900 [on 13 September], Lieutenant Connolly, the Company commander,
and Lieutenants Marsh, Morton and I made a reconnaissance of the area we
would attack. We spotted a group of enemy moving along the ridge line above
us. Suddenly two enemy soldiers came out of the bush with their hands in the air,
waving surrender leaflets. Because of the enemy on the ridgeline, Lieutenant
Morton and I motioned with our .45 pistols for them to move back against a bank
so we would not be observed by their friends on the ridge line.. They sort of went
hysterical in the probable belief that they were about to be shot. They got down
on their knees and drew diagrams of the positions where their comrades were.
They said there were "many, many machine guns." Were they ever correct!16
POWs taken from the enemy were often very cooperative and useful in
determining intelligence about the enemy. Unlike the Americans, the Communists
believed that their lower ranks would be inspired by knowing many details about the
plans of their leaders.
Three veteran NKPA who surrendered to the 7th Marines told their capturers why
they had voluntarily given up. Their platoon had been part of an assault force that threw
themselves four times against Marine defenders on the summit of a hill. All four times
they had been decimated with severe losses. At the last muster, their platoon numbered
only three. By mutual agreement, the three soldiers marched their platoon leader into
the woods, killed him, and surrendered to mortar men from the 7th Marines.17
The Communist enemy also utilized formidable tactics based on sound training
and much experience. Said a EUSAK report:
17 Undated Public Information Document with no Author Named, National Archives: RG 127, Records of
the U. S. Marine Corps, "Division of Information, Publicity Articles Relating to the First Marine Division in
Korea, Final Copies, Oct. 1950-Feb. 1952."
Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed October 22, 2016.