Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War

justified. The 1st Marine Division would now have to hold the ground it had seized,
however unfinished its work." The fighting was not over, but the deliberate attacks
towards new objectives were.20
Van Fleet visited the 1st Mar Div CP and that of the 2nd Infantry Division
September 16, 1951 "to inspect the operations and determine the morale of the 1st
Marine Division and 2nd Infantry Division, both of which had suffered heavy casualties.
He found the morale of these X Corps units good and had no adverse criticism of their
operations." He then issued an order "that the Corps Commander firm up his line by
September 20 and to plan no further offensives after that date, as it was unprofitable to
continue the bitter operation." He "reiterated his instructions on the 18th in a confirming
directive to the effect that X Corps continue making limited attacks 'until 20 September,
after which . . . units were to firm up the existing line and patrol vigorously forward of
it.'"21
Of course, objectives still being attacked such as Heartbreak Ridge and Hill 854
would go past the 20th. What the order meant was that the line had been decided on for
EUSAK and no new objectives or attacks beyond battalion strength would be had
without express approval-meaning basically not at all.22
Division artillery expended 1,178 rounds in support of the 1st Marines that day and
inflicted 50 estimated casualties.23
20 Allan R. Millett, Many a Strife, 310; Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 199-203.
21 Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 199; EUSAK, "Command Report," September 1951, 47;
Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 201; Clay Blair, The Forgotten War, 948.
Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 199-203, 221, 229, 224, 233, 249; Lee Ballenger, The
Outpost War, 3-4.
23 st , "
IMarine Regiment, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 19.

223

Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed September 2, 2014.