WIA. The Marines' losses, while not as great as in some of the worst fighting in the
Pacific, were still high by any standard in American 20th Century warfare.9
With such a high price paid, one wonders why and how this battle took place,
and the results gained. It is also important to remember what the veterans who survived
went through, and perhaps most important, what those who did not survive went
Very little has been written on this action, but what there is bears mentioning.
Some memoirs that briefly mention this battle are Gerald P. Averill's, Mustang; A. Andy
Andow's, Letters to Big Jim Regarding Narrul Purigo, Cashinum Iman (1994); Charles
Hughes's Accordion War: Life and Death in a Marine Rifle Company, Korea, 1951
(2006); and Burton F. Anderson's We Claim the Title (1994). Other accounts are a
handful of Marine Corps Gazette and Leatherneck articles (mostly based on the Official
History); the Official Marine History itself (Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front,
chapters IIX-lX); and the writings of Allan R. Millett in his books, In Many a Strife (1994),
and The Drive North (2001)-a few pages in the former and about twenty pages in the
9 Jeter A. Isley, and Philip A. Crowl, The U. S. Marines and Amphibious War: Its Theory, and Its Practice
in the Pacific (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1951): 406, 482.
10 A. Andy Andow, Letters to Big Jim Regarding Narrul Purigo, Cashinum Iman, (New York: Vantage,
1994); Allan R. Millett, The Drive North: U. S. Marines at the Punchbowl (Washington, D. C.: U. S. Marine
Corps Historical Center, 2001). The "Official Histories" are histories of U. S. Marine Operations in the
Korean War, written with the participation and approval of the Marine Corps. They are: Lynn Montross
and Nicholas Canzona, U.S. Marine Operations In Korea, 1950-1953: Volume I; Lynn Montross and
Captain Nicholas A. Canzona, U.S. Marine Operations in Korea, 1950-1953:Volume II, The Inchon-Seoul
Operation (Washington, D.C.: Historical Branch, G-3, HQMC, 1955); Lynn Montross and Captain Nicholas
A. Canzona, based on research by K. Jack Bauer, PhD., U.S. Marine Operations in Korea, 1950-1953:
Volume III, The Chosin Reservoir Campaign, (Washington, D.C.: Historical Branch, G-3, HQMC, 1957);
Lynn Montross, Major Hubard D. Kuokka, USMC, and Major Norman W. Hicks, USMC, U.S. Marine
Operations in Korea, 1950-1953: Volume IV, The East-Central Front, (Washington, D.C.: Historical
Branch, G-3, HQMC, 1962); Lieutenant Colonel Pat Meid, USMCR, and Major James M. Yingling, USMC,
U.S. Marine Operations in Korea, 1950-1953: Volume V, Operations in West Korea, (Washington, D.C.:
Historical Division, HQMC, 1972).
Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed July 27, 2016.