Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War

launched by the enemy." Gaul was mortally wounded in repulsing enemy counterattacks
the night of September 14.78
Nightfall did not mean a truce between combatants in Korea. The Marines had
mortar fire incoming throughout, besides the multiple enemy assaults of company
strength on 3/1's positions. Ten counterattacks by over 300 enemy kept the 3/1 Marines
embattled, and these were finally repulsed with heavy combat. At 2100 both George
and Item Companies were hit by what were estimated as platoon-sized enemy attacks.
(Later, when dead enemy officers were found, it was discovered the attacks were of
company strength.) Item Company would have three such attacks before 0030, while
George Company received seven, the last being at 0430. In the meantime, How
Company, which had moved west from 680 to dig in for the night about a thousand
yards east of George Company, took artillery fire on their positions during the night.79
As intense as the action was for the defenders, the attackers were cut down in
heaps. "The fighting was so bitter that the slopes in front of the 3rd battalion positions
were littered with enemy equipment and enemy dead at light of dawn." The enemy
casualties in front of 3/1 were: 90 counted KIA and an estimated 170 WIA. Friendly
casualties for the entire previous day for 3/1 were 7 KIA and 46 WIA.80
It was around September 13 when the enemy saw need to relieve the 1st NKPA
Division due to the abundant casualties sown within its ranks by the Marines. The 91st
78 Ibid.
79 Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 191; 1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 16;
1st Marine Regiment, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 2; Third Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment,
"Historical Diary," September 1951, 4.
o 1st Marine Regiment, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 3, 14; Third Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment,
"Historical Diary," September 1951, 4.

146

Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed December 27, 2014.