Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War

was a latter amendment to the present plan. All of this amounted to a three prong,
"ridge-running" approach.21 (See Map # 21)
The 5th Marines was to leave a company on the Kansas Line and move to division
reserve on the Hays Line (the newly won Yoke Ridge) behind the attacking 7th Marines.
Meanwhile, the 1st KMC was to patrol the division left aggressively enough to distract
the enemy on Division Objective Charlie. The 1 1th Marines was to move forward to
support the attack of the 7th Marines with its artillery fires.22
In support of the 7th Marines was the 1st Tank Battalion (organic to the 1st Mar Div),
the 1st Engineer Battalion (also organic to the 1st Mar Div), and 3/11 in direct support.
(General artillery support would be furnished by the rest of the 1 1th Marines and the
937th and 196th FABs (field artillery battalions). Company "C" of the 780th FAB added
additional firepower to the later unit with its eight-inch howitzers, each of which fired a
whopping 2001b shell packed with HE (high explosive).23
The assault battalions had a daunting job ahead of them. They had to assault
forward down into a narrow valley, cross a tributary of the Soyang River, and attack
uphill against heavily fortified North Koreans who were not even a little bit eager to
vacate their abode.24
The night before D-day, the Navy chaplains attached to the various Marine units
had services. Men prayed and prepared for battle. The morning dawned with mist and
fog shrouding the valleys of the Taebaek Mountain Range. Marines, like in the Pacific,
21 st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 2, 13; 1st Marine Regiment, "Historical Diary,"
September 1951, 2, 11-12; Fifth Marines "Historical Diary," September 1951, 2.
22 Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 182; 1 Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 2,
14.
23 Interview by phone between myself and Sergeant George Ellis, 780th FAB, Battery "C", March 20, 2007,
tape in my possession.
24 Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 183; 1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 14.

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Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed September 2, 2014.