Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War

[They] then asked me if I needed anything. I said yes I wanted to be
baptized immediately! I felt that Baptizing was a lot like bulletproofing.....15
The interim period also saw Marines conduct cold weather training and survival
classes. One officer in each company was appointed to be a "Cold Weather Officer," in
charge of making sure their unit was up to par in that area. The lessons of the Chosin
Reservoir were not taken lightly in 1951.16
For the 1st KMC, the lull meant the establishment of a company outpost on Hill 752
atop a pass a half mile beyond Hill 930 of Yoke Ridge. To the KMC's left was an ROK
Division and the Korean Marines could hear the Communists hit this unit almost every
night. Much work was done, too, on readying the Hays line, newly won, into a suitable
defensive network of gun emplacements, trenches, barbed-wire, and bunkers.17
Total casualties for the interim period incurred and inflicted, were: 70 WIA, 24 KIA
and 0 MIA for the KMCs; 116 WIA, 6 KIA and 2 MIA for the rest of the division; and an
estimated 276 KIA for the enemy as well as 68 POWs. These were not light-though
the 1st Mar Div looked on the period as an interim, the enemy continued his probing
counterattacks and infiltration actions unabated. The losses were a stiff price for the
necessary time to resupply artillery and ammunition, ready again for the offense, and
strengthen the defenses on the Hays Line, but the terrain left little choice.18
In corps reserve, men of the 2nd Battalion First Marines received a pep-talk from
their CO, LtCol Franklin B. Nihart, prior to moving north to join the rest of the division in
combat. PFC Lyle Conaway remembered his remarks: "'Men,' he said, 'I don't know
is First person account of Jack C. Walker, "A Day in September," found at: http://www. 1-
7marineskorea.com/weremember/day in sept.htm. Website last consulted April 2007.
1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 1, 13.
17 Interview with Colonel KIM Yun Gun, 22 December 1958, page 3-4.
1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 8-14.

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Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed July 24, 2014.