Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War

The division was very committed to keeping the rotation process consistent and
dependable to ensure high front-line unit morale. Also, Marines did not have to spend
their entire time with the division in a front line unit. Many who had been in a rifle
company for a few months had the option of rotating to a rear area job.2
Up at the actual front, however, there were no roads. The Korean laborers
attached to each unit, a few hundred per infantry battalion, had to haul ammo and
supplies to the Marines on "A-frame" packs. These Koreans were part of the Korean
Service Corps (KSC). It was a half day trek by foot from the typical battalion supply
point. Helicopter and air drops supplemented this system. However, "resupply by
helicopter could be had only in emergencies and when the regular supply routes were
either exhausted or not trafficable."3 (See Photo # 2)
Throughout the interim period, action occurred at night in the form of enemy
attacks on Marine positions. In addition, mortar and artillery fire hit both at the front and
in rear areas, so the period was anything but quiet.4
Plans were already being made for a second phase of the attack. It would be
necessary to seize the ridges to the north of Yoke, because the ground there
commanded that already taken, and to inflict greater casualties on the North Koreans in
that sector. This ridge-mass was also important because a foothold there would allow
UNC to hold the enemy in check on the ridges branching off of the hill-mass and block
2 Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central Front, 181; 1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 7;
Burton Anderson, We Claim the Title, 306.
3 1st Marine Regiment, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 17; Lynn Montross, et al., The East-Central
Front, 181; 1st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 7. For example, the 1st Marines at the close of
August had 1,160 South Korean laborers attached -- 1st Marine Regiment, "Historical Diary," August
1951,2.
4 st Mar Div, "Historical Diary," September 1951, 1.

89

Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/. Accessed December 26, 2014.