Evaluating the Impact of Transit-Oriented Development

Description:

This report examines the impact of transit-oriented development. Transit-oriented development (TOD) is an increasingly popular urban form. Based on a survey of residents of TOD projects in areas served by Dallas Area Rapid Transit, Fort Worth T, and Capital Metro (Austin) rail transit, moving into TOD decreases VMT by an average of 15 percent, or about 3,500 miles per year, which impacts TxDOT motor fuel tax revenues. The data also indicate that these households shift their choice of route to include more arterial roads versus highways. Differential behavior is observed among the three areas studied with the greatest impact being on the DART system and the Capital Metro system showing smaller changes in TOD resident travel behaviors. Residents of TOD choose their housing based mostly on commuting distance and lifestyle characteristics, such as proximity to dining and entertainment venues. Proximity to a transit rail station is at least moderately important for 57 percent of respondents. The report recommends that TxDOT look to incorporate TOD into facility planning and design and seek ways to extract value from TOD projects.

Creator(s):
Creation Date: October 2010
Partner(s):
UNT Center for Economic Development and Research
Collection(s):
UNT Scholarly Works
Usage:
Total Uses: 347
Past 30 days: 10
Yesterday: 1
Creator (Author):
Clower, Terry L.

University of North Texas

Creator (Author):
Ruggierre, Paul

University of North Texas

Creator (Author):
Bomba, Michael

University of North Texas

Creator (Author):
Arndt, Jeffrey C.

University of North Texas

Creator (Author):
Li, Jianling

University of North Texas

Creator (Author):
Edrington, Suzie

University of North Texas

Creator (Author):
Hendershot, Paul

University of North Texas

Date(s):
  • Creation: October 2010
Description:

This report examines the impact of transit-oriented development. Transit-oriented development (TOD) is an increasingly popular urban form. Based on a survey of residents of TOD projects in areas served by Dallas Area Rapid Transit, Fort Worth T, and Capital Metro (Austin) rail transit, moving into TOD decreases VMT by an average of 15 percent, or about 3,500 miles per year, which impacts TxDOT motor fuel tax revenues. The data also indicate that these households shift their choice of route to include more arterial roads versus highways. Differential behavior is observed among the three areas studied with the greatest impact being on the DART system and the Capital Metro system showing smaller changes in TOD resident travel behaviors. Residents of TOD choose their housing based mostly on commuting distance and lifestyle characteristics, such as proximity to dining and entertainment venues. Proximity to a transit rail station is at least moderately important for 57 percent of respondents. The report recommends that TxDOT look to incorporate TOD into facility planning and design and seek ways to extract value from TOD projects.

Note:

Project performed in cooperation with the Texas Department of Transportation and the Federal Highway Administration.

Physical Description:

148 p. : col. ill.

Language(s):
Subject(s):
Keyword(s): Business, Economics and Finance | transit-oriented developments | vehicle miles traveled | transit rails | state DOT roles in TOD
Contributor(s):
Partner:
UNT Center for Economic Development and Research
Collection:
UNT Scholarly Works
Identifier:
  • REP-NO: FHWA/TX-10/06511-1
  • ARK: ark:/67531/metadc32970
Resource Type: Report
Format: Text
Rights:
Access: Public