Design of District Emergency Operations Centres, and the Case Study of Indian Oil Corporation Jaipur Depot Explosion

Int. J. Emergency Management, Vol. 7, Nos. 3/4, 2010

Design of district emergency operations centres, and
the case study of Indian Oil Corporation Jaipur depot
explosion
Kailash Gupta
University of North Texas,
Denton, TX 76201, USA
Email: kailashgupta@my.unt.edu
Abstract: The author of this paper was appointed by the Government of
Rajasthan state in India to design Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) at
district level. The assignment was to submit an implementable practical report
of district level EOCs design for equipment, personnel and training. This paper
describes the process used for this design. A list of priority equipment, staffing
pattern and specific training programmes were suggested. On the basis of the
recommendations, EOCs have been set up in all the 33 districts of Rajasthan.
The case study of the explosion at the Indian Oil Corporation's Jaipur depot
illustrates the use of alternative field EOC in responding to the explosion and
the relevance of the EOC consultant's recommendations in responding to the
disasters. The objectives of this paper are to share the experiences of designing
EOCs in a developing country, and the methods of optimisation for meeting
objectives under resource constraints.
Keywords: EOC; emergency operations centres; EOC design; Rajasthan;
alternate EOC; district; District Collector; Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.; Jaipur;
oil explosion.
Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Gupta, K. (2010) 'Design
of district emergency operations centres, and the case study of Indian Oil
Corporation Jaipur depot explosion', Int. J. Emergency Management, Vol. 7,
Nos. 3/4, pp.221-232.
Biographical notes: Kailash Gupta is pursuing PhD in Interdisciplinary
Information Science with specialisation in Emergency Management at the
University of North Texas, Denton, USA. His paper 'A new philosophy in
EOC design: the case of Rajasthan State in India' was awarded the best
practice paper at The International Emergency Management Society (TIEMS)
Annual Conference, Beijing, 2010. He has done US National Science
Foundation funded research after the tsunami in Sri Lanka and India, after
cyclone Aila in Bangladesh and India, and after the earthquake in Haiti.
1 Introduction
The Indian Famine Commission of 1878 probably gave the first famine relief
management system in the world. Over the years, India has documented and developed a
well-established relief system after famine and drought. The system was further
developed for providing relief after sudden onset disasters, and not only creeping

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Gupta, Kailash. Design of District Emergency Operations Centres, and the Case Study of Indian Oil Corporation Jaipur Depot Explosion. [Geneva, Switzerland]. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31093/. Accessed May 5, 2015.