PREVALENCE OF EATING DISORDERS
Labre, M. P. (2005). Bum fat, build muscle: A content
analysis of Men's Health and Men's Fitness. Inter-
national Journal of Men's Health, 4, 187-200.
Leit, R. A., Pope, H. G., & Gray, J. J. (2001). Cul-
tural expectations of muscularity in men: The evo-
lution of Playgirl centerfolds. International Jour-
nal of Eating Disorders, 29, 90-93.
McCabe, M. P., & Ricciardelli, L. A. (2004). Body
image dissatisfaction among males across the lifes-
pan: A review of past literature. Journal of Psy-
chosomatic Research, 56, 675-685.
Mintz, L. B., O'Halloran, M. S., Mulholland, A. M., &
Schneider, P. A. (1997). Questionnaire for eating
disorder diagnoses: Reliability and validity of opera-
tionalizing DSM-IV criteria into a self-report format.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, 44, 63-79.
Mitchell, K. S., & Mazzeo, S. E. (2005). Mediators of
the association between abuse and disordred eating in
undergraduate men. Eating Behaviors, 6, 318-327.
Petrie, T., Austin, L., Crowley, B., Helmcamp, A.,
Johnson, C., Lester, R., et al. (1996). Sociocultural
expectations of attractiveness for males. Sex
Roles, 35, 581- 602.
Petrie, T. A., & Greenleaf, C. (2007). Eating disor-
ders in sport: From theory to research to interven-
tion. In G. Tenenbaum & R. Eklund (Eds.), Hand-
book of sport psychology (3rd ed., pp. 352-378).
Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Petrie, T. A., Greenleaf, C., Carter, J. E., & Reel, J. J.
(2007). Psychosocial correlates of disordered eat-
ing among male collegiate athletes. Journal of
Clinical Sport Psychology, 1, 340-357.
Petrie, T. A., & Rogers, R. (2001). Extending the
discussion of eating disorders to include men and
athletes. The Counseling Psychologist, 29, 743-
Petrie, T., & Sherman, R. (1999). Recognizing and
assisting athletes with eating disorders. In R. Ray
& D. Wiese-Bjornstal (Eds.), Counseling in sports
medicine (pp. 205-226). Champaign, IL: Human
Petrie, T. A., & Stoever, S. (1993). The incidence of
bulimia nervosa and pathogenic weight control
behaviors in female collegiate gymnasts. Research
Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 64, 238-241.
Pope, H. G., Jr., Olivardia, R., Borowiecki, J. J., III,
& Cohane, G. H. (2001). The growing commercial
value of the male body: A longitudinal survey of
advertising in women's magazines. Psychotherapy
and Psychosomatics, 70, 189-192.
Pope, H. G., Olivardia, R., Gruber, A., &
Borowiecki, J. (1999). Evolving ideals of male
body image as seen through action toys. Interna-
tional Journal of Eating Disorders, 26, 65-72.
Raudenbush, B., & Meyer, B. (2003). Muscular dis-
satisfaction and supplement use among male inter-
collegiate athletes. Journal of Sport & Exercise
Psychology, 25, 161-170.
Ricciardelli, L. A., & McCabe, M. P. (2004). A
biopsychosocial model of disordered eating and
the pursuit of muscularity in adolescent boys. Psy-
chological Bulletin, 130, 179-205.
Ridgeway, R. T., & Tylka, T. L. (2005). College men's
perceptions of ideal body composition and shape.
Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 6, 209-220.
Rome, E., & Ammerman, S. (2003). Medical com-
plications in eating disorders: An update. Journal
of Adolescent Health, 33, 418-426.
Sanford-Martens, T. C., Davidson, M. M., Yakushko,
O. F., Martens, M. P., Hinton, P., & Beck, N.
(2005). Clinical and subclinical eating disorders:
An examination of collegiate athletes. Journal of
Applied Sport Psychology, 17, 79-86.
Soban, C. (2006). What about the boys? Addressing
issues of masculinity within male anorexia nervosa
in a feminist therapeutic environment. Interna-
tional Journal of Men's Health, 5, 251-267.
Spitzer, B. L., Henderson, K. A., & Zivian, M. T.
(1999). Gender differences in population versus
media body sizes: A comparison over four de-
cades. Sex Roles, 40, 545-565.
Sundgot-Borgen, J., & Torstveit, M. K. (2004). Prev-
alence of eating disorders in elite athletes is higher
than in the general population. Clinical Journal of
Sports Medicine, 14, 25-32.
Swoap, R., & Murphy, S. (1995). Eating disorders
and weight management in athletes. In S. Murphy
(Ed.), Sport psychology interventions (pp. 307-
329). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Thelen, M. H., Mintz, L. B., & Vander Wal, J. S.
(1996). The Bulimia Test-Revised: Validation
with DSM-IV criteria for bulimia nervosa. Psycho-
logical Assessment, 2, 219-221.
Thompson, R., & Sherman, R. (1999a). Athletes, ath-
letic performance, and eating disorders: Healthier
alternatives. Journal of Social Issues, 55, 317-337.
Thompson, R., & Sherman, R. (1999b). "Good ath-
lete" traits and characteristics of anorexia nervosa:
Are they similar? Eating Disorders, 7, 181-190.
Tylka, T. L. (2006). Development and psychometric
evaluation of a measure of intuitive eating. Journal
of Counseling Psychology, 53, 226-240.
Tylka, T. L., Bergeron, D., & Schwartz, J. P. (2005).
Development and psychometric evaluation of the
Male Body Attitudes Scale (MBAS). Body Im-
age, 2, 161-175.
Tylka, T. L., & Subich, L. M. (2002). A preliminary
investigation of the eating disorder continuum with
men. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49, 273-
Received November 12, 2007
Revision received May 1, 2008
Accepted June 10, 2008 m
Petrie, Trent A.; Greenleaf, Christy; Reel, Justine J. & Carter, Jennifer. Prevalence of Eating Disorders and Disordered Eating Behaviors Among Male Collegiate Athletes. [Washington, D.C.]. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31092/. Accessed December 7, 2013.