unrealistic expectations than any other ethnicity, but the data did not support that case for this
study. The high expectations of all ethnicities may be due to the fact that the students completed
their surveys during their freshman orientation. The freshman orientation experience may have
heightened the level the participants' responses.
The data in this study indicated that small differences between ethnicities exist in their
assessments of early college experiences. Hispanic females tended to have slightly higher
averages than the responses by all females when examining early college experiences responses
by ethnicity. The Hispanic female population reported high expectations for their first year
experiences and slightly lower levels of responses in the assessment of their actual experience,
though that lower score was still strong. This may mean that the items studied in this research
were not items that led to their particular attrition decisions. Since the Hispanic female Early
Drops Outs were only five students, broad generalizations cannot be easily drawn based on this
number of respondents.
In looking at the correlations of FES I (expectations) for each item on the survey by
ethnicity and attrition rate, no FES I item was found to be statistically significant for Hispanic
females. There were three items of significance for White and Black females, demonstrating
Hispanic females to be a unique population. The highest expectation for Hispanic female
Persisters was their level of academic progress, followed closely by instructors caring about their
students and developing close friendships with other students. For Hispanic Early Drop Outs,
the highest expectation was that instructors care about their students with academic progress and
developing close friendships following second. Though these items ranked high in expectations,
none of these items exhibited any significant correlation with persistence.
In looking at the correlations of FES II (early college experiences) for each item on the
Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students. Denton, Texas. UNT Digital Library. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/. Accessed March 28, 2015.